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A Night at the Malware Museum

February 9, 2016 | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

Offering a glimpse of an important part of computer history, the new Malware Museum is an online collection featuring emulated versions of MS-DOS viruses from a simpler time. Assembled by Mikko Hermanni Hyppönen, the chief resource officer at Finnish security firm F-secure, the new collection of emulated malware programs launched just few days ago and has already attracted more than 100,000 visitors.

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ORNL researchers (from left) Seung-Hwan Lim, Larry Roberts, Sreenivas Rangan Sukumar and Matt Lee developed a new smart data tool for medical research called ORiGAMI that has the potential to accelerate medical research and discovery.

Cure for Medical Research’s Big Data Headache: Smart Data Tool Accelerates Literature-based Discovery

February 9, 2016 11:09 am | by Oak Ridge National Laboratory | News | Comments

As medical research has become more specialized, understanding of the human body has increased, resulting in enhanced treatments, new drugs and better health outcomes. A side effect of this information explosion, however, is the fragmentation of knowledge. With thousands of new articles being published every day, developments that could inform and add context to medicine’s global body of knowledge often go unnoticed.

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London Nightlife – Courtesy of ESA/NASA – Click to enlarge

London Nightlife

February 9, 2016 10:27 am | by ESA | News | Comments

ESA astronaut Tim Peake took this image of London, UK, from the International Space Station 400 kilometers above Earth. At the time, it was midnight in the capital city and, because the Space Station runs on Greenwich Mean Time, it was also the same time for Tim Peake. Tim took this photo from the Space Station’s European-built Cupola observatory. Such a clear image is rare.

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Would you trust your child’s health to a robot surgeon?

Robots in Healthcare could lead to a Doctorless Hospital

February 9, 2016 10:04 am | by Anjali Jaiprakash, Jonathan Roberts and Ross Crawford, Queensland University of Technology | Articles | Comments

Imagine your child requires a life-saving operation. You enter the hospital and are confronted with a stark choice. Do you take the traditional path with human medical staff, where long-term trials have shown a 90 percent chance they will save your child’s life? Or do you choose the robotic track, tended to by technical specialists and robots, but where similar long-term trials have shown that your child has a 95 percent chance?

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A "graph" is a way of visualizing a database: Circles called "nodes" represent data items, and lines called "edges" represent links between them. By focusing on the most important edges, Cornell researchers are gaining access to the data faster.

Search Engines will know What You Want ... Sooner

February 8, 2016 11:40 am | by Bill Steele, Cornell University | News | Comments

If you enter “Oklahoma” in a search engine, you might get a travelog, news about the oil industry, Oklahoma State football scores or an article on Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals. What appears at the top of the list might — and should — depend on what you were actually looking for. Web search engines, social media sites and retailers that offer recommendations sometimes personalize ranking of results by looking at your search history.

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Cooking is full of scientific and mathematical formulas. Whether you're feeding a hungry family of six, or simply wishing to treat yourself on Shrove Tuesday, a new calculator will tell you exactly what you need to rustle-up perfect pancakes.

Mathematicians Reveal Secret to Perfect Pancakes

February 8, 2016 11:28 am | by University of Sheffield | News | Comments

Mathematicians have developed, trialed and tested a formula which enables pancake-lovers across the world to rustle-up pancakes to their own personal preference, taking into account the number of pancakes required, thickness and pan size. Whether you're feeding a hungry family of six, or simply wishing to treat yourself on Shrove Tuesday, the formula will help you prepare the perfect pancake feast.

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Pedestrian detection system developed in the Statistical Visual Computing Lab at UC San Diego Courtesy of UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering

New Algorithm Improves Speed and Accuracy of Pedestrian Detection

February 8, 2016 11:15 am | by University of California | News | Comments

What if computers could recognize objects as well as the human brain? Engineers have taken an important step with a pedestrian detection system that performs in near real-time with higher accuracy compared to existing systems. The technology could be used in smart vehicles, robotics and image and video search systems. The algorithm combines traditional computer vision classification,  known as cascade detection, with deep learning.

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Clay tablets like this one, describing Halley's Comet in 164 BCE, record the Babylonians' advanced astronomical observations. Courtesy of Gavin Collins

Ancient Babylonians used Advanced Geometry Roughly 1400 Years before Europeans

February 8, 2016 10:19 am | by Michelle Hampson, AAAS | News | Comments

Analysis of ancient Babylonian tablets reveals that the tablets' makers used geometry to calculate the position of Jupiter — using a technique that was previously believed to have been developed at least 1400 years later in 14th century Europe. Babylon was an ancient and powerful epicenter in the Middle East. While several hundred fragmented tablets exist, analysis of just five reveals advanced geometry techniques.

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Rob Farber is a global technology consultant and author with an extensive background in machine-learning and a long history of working with national labs and corporations engaged in both HPC and enterprise computing.

Deep Learning Revitalizes Neural Networks to Match or Beat Humans on Complex Tasks

February 8, 2016 9:55 am | by Rob Farber | Articles | Comments

Deep learning has created a resurgence of interest in neural networks and application to everything from Internet search to self-driving cars. Results show better-than-human accuracy on real-world tasks that include speech and facial recognition. Fueled by modern massively parallel computing technology, it is now possible to train very complex multi-layer neural network architectures on large data sets to an acceptable degree of accuracy.

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President Obama visits with students and engages in coding during the "Hour of Code" event in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, in Washington, D.C., December 8, 2014. Official White House Photo

Why Schools need to Introduce Computing in all Subjects

February 8, 2016 9:24 am | by Uri Wilensky, Northwestern University | Articles | Comments

In his recent State of the Union address, President Barack Obama said schools need to offer every student hands-on computer science classes to be better prepared for the workforce. President Obama is right: the next generation of learners will require a high level of fluency with modes of thinking in which computers act as interactive partners. The question is: how best to make sure they acquire that thinking?

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HPC User Forum meetings are open to anyone with an interest in high performance computing or high performance data analysis (big data using HPC), including users, vendors, funders and others.

Preliminary Agenda released for 60th HPC User Forum in Tucson, AZ

February 5, 2016 2:55 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

Registration is now open for the 60th HPC User Forum, taking place April 11-13 at the Loews Ventana Canyon in Tucson, AZ. The forum offers the chance to hear top experts on high-innovation, high-growth areas of the high performance computing market. HPC User Forum meetings are open to anyone with an interest in high performance computing or high performance data analysis (big data using HPC), including users, vendors, funders and others.

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Spore Capsule of a Moss -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2015 Nikon Small World Winner -- Click to enlarge

Spore Capsule of a Moss

February 5, 2016 2:35 pm | News | Comments

This photograph shows the spore capsule of a moss. It was the 15th place winner in the 2015 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using reflected light.

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How Many Ways Can You Arrange 128 Tennis Balls? Impossible Problem Solved

5 Stories You Shouldn’t Miss — January 29-February 4

February 5, 2016 1:33 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

Five must-read stories from the past week include the world’s smallest integrated optical switch, which operates at level of individual atoms; developing the technology needed to build next-gen HPC systems; an automatic bug-repair system that fixes 10x as many errors; cracking an infamous soviet cold war cipher; and solving the impossible problem of how many ways you can arrange 128 tennis balls.

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An international team of researchers has revealed that, for many universal concepts, the world’s languages feature a common structure of semantic relatedness.

Semantically Speaking: Does Meaning Structure Unite Languages?

February 5, 2016 10:39 am | by Santa Fe Institute | News | Comments

We create words to label people, places, actions, thoughts and more, so we can express ourselves meaningfully to others. Do humans' shared cognitive abilities and dependence on languages naturally provide a universal means of organizing certain concepts? By measuring how closely words’ meanings are related within and between languages, researchers revealed the world’s languages feature a common structure of semantic relatedness. 

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Space Station Flyover of the Mediterranean -- Courtesy of ESA/NASA – Click to enlarge

Space Station Flyover of the Mediterranean

February 5, 2016 10:13 am | by NASA | News | Comments

Expedition 46 flight engineer Tim Peake of the European Space Agency shared this stunning nighttime photograph with his social media followers on January 25, 2016, writing, "Beautiful night pass over Italy, Alps and Mediterranean." Peak, who was launched to the International Space Station, on December 15, 2015, is the first British ESA astronaut.

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Evolving our Way to Artificial Intelligence

February 5, 2016 9:57 am | by Arend Hintze, Michigan State University | Articles | Comments

Researchers designed a computer program capable of beating a top Go player — an important threshold in development of AI. It stresses once more that humans aren’t at the center of the universe, and human cognition isn’t the pinnacle of intelligence. As an AI researcher, I realize how impressive it is. Yet, it’s still not a big step toward the type of AI used by the thinking machines we see in movies. For that, we need new approaches.

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