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Former NASA mathematician Katherine Johnson is seen after President Barack Obama presented her with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, Tuesday, November 24, 2015, during a ceremony in the East Room of the White House in Washington. Courtesy of NASA/Bill I

Katherine Johnson: The Girl Who Loved to Count

November 25, 2015 | by NASA | News | Comments

“I counted everything. I counted the steps to the road, the steps up to church, the number of dishes and silverware I washed … anything that could be counted, I did.” So said Katherine Johnson, recipient of the 2015 National Medal of Freedom. Born in 1918 in the little town of White Sulfur Springs, WV, Johnson was a research mathematician, who by her own admission, was simply fascinated by numbers.

Striking Black Hole Action -- Courtesy of NASA, ESA, S. Baum & C. O’Dea (RIT), R. Perley & W. Cotton (NRAO/AUI/NSF), and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) – Click to enlarge

Multiple Telescopes Reveal Striking Black Hole Action

November 25, 2015 11:33 am | by ESA | News | Comments

Scientists often use the combined power of multiple telescopes to reveal the secrets of the Universe — and this image is a prime example of when this technique is strikingly effective. The yellow-hued object at the center of the frame is an elliptical galaxy known as Hercules A, seen by the Earth-orbiting NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. In normal light, an observer would only see this object floating in the inky blackness of space...

John Samborsk is CEO at Ace Computers.

Forensic Workstations: Making the World Less Safe for Criminals

November 25, 2015 10:10 am | by John Samborski, CEO Ace Computers | Blogs | Comments

Nearly all forensic investigations involve digital evidence. With current forensic workstations, what used to take days to download can now be accomplished in a matter of hours. This is extremely important when the suspect remains on the street until the contents are downloaded and reviewed. Forensic workstation builders, working with the legal community, learned how to configure hardware and software to preserve the chain of evidence...

Mouse Colon Colonized with Human Microbiota -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Image of Distinction -- Click to enlarge

Mouse Colon Colonized with Human Microbiota

November 24, 2015 11:36 am | News | Comments

This 63X photograph shows a mouse colon colonized with human microbiota. It won second place in the 2015 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using confocal microscopy.

NITES driving simulator in the School of Psychology at The University of Nottingham. Courtesy of University of Nottingham

Brains behind the Wheel: Could Virtual Reality teach us to Avoid Real-life Accidents?

November 24, 2015 11:10 am | by The University of Nottingham | News | Comments

Scientists are exploring use of car driving simulators as tools for training and testing drivers in order to reduce road traffic accidents and fatalities. Research is looking at whether future interventions could prioritize use of driving simulators to make us safer at the wheel and our roads a safer place to be. To make this possible, it is important to understand if drivers behave comparably in simulated and real-world environments.

A particularly fruitful moment for technological innovation? Viktor M Vasnetsov

Why Does Culture Sometimes Evolve via Sudden Bursts of Innovation? A New Model

November 24, 2015 9:45 am | by Nicole Creanza and Oren Kolodny, Stanford University | Articles | Comments

Human beings inherit many genetic traits directly from their parents. However, cultural traits — tools, beliefs and behaviors that are transmitted by learning — can be passed on not only by parents but also teachers and peers. Many animals have learned behaviors, but people are uniquely good at building on existing knowledge to innovate further. This capacity, known as cumulative culture, was captured by Sir Isaac Newton...

Figure 1: Effective management of analytical data enables research and development organizations to extract, retain and leverage knowledge.

Analytical Knowledge Transfer presents a Challenging Landscape in an Externalized World

November 23, 2015 4:10 pm | by Sanji Bhal, ACD/Labs | Articles | Comments

One of the hottest topics in lab informatics discussions today encompasses externalization of scientific R&D. Organizations spanning many industries (petrochemicals, food and beverage, fine chemicals, pharma/biotech) have increasingly outsourced a variety of activities along the business value chain. Extending existing systems into an externalized world that they were never designed to address presents myriad more predicaments.

Illustration of the structure of a phosphoglycerate kinase protein that was subjected to molecular dynamics simulations. The relative motions of the red and blue domains of the proteins are highly complex, and can be described in terms of motion of a conf

Supercomputer Simulations Reveal Dynamics of Protein Motion, Function

November 23, 2015 2:42 pm | by Miki Nolin, Oak Ridge National Laboratory | News | Comments

Supercomputing simulations at ORNL could change how researchers understand the internal motions of proteins that play functional, structural and regulatory roles in all living organisms. Studying proteins — their structure and function — is essential to advancing understanding of biological systems relevant to different energy and medical sciences, from bioenergy research and subsurface biogeochemistry to drug design.

Interest curves perceived by a computer

Computer Vision: Computers Perceive Image Curves like Artists

November 23, 2015 12:15 pm | by Umeå University | News | Comments

Imagine computers being able to understand paintings or paint abstract images much like humans. Bo Li demonstrates a breakthrough concept in the field of computer vision using curves and lines to represent image shapes and furthermore to recognize objects. Accurate modeling of image features is very important in a wide range of computer vision applications.

Eye of a Honey Bee Covered in Pollen -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Image of Distinction -- Click to enlarge

Eye of a Honey Bee Covered in Pollen

November 23, 2015 11:47 am | News | Comments

This 120X photograph shows the eye of a honey bee covered in dandelion pollen. It was the first place winner in the 2015 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using reflected light.

MIT researchers have developed a new biomedical imaging system that harnesses an off-the-shelf depth sensor such as Microsoft’s Kinect. The coloration of these images depicts the phase information contained in six of the 50 light frequencies the system an

Mathematical Modeling Enables Biomedical Imaging at One-thousandth the Cost

November 23, 2015 11:00 am | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

MIT researchers have developed a biomedical imaging system that could ultimately replace a $100,000 piece of a lab equipment with components that cost just hundreds of dollars. The system uses a technique called fluorescence lifetime imaging, which has applications in DNA sequencing and cancer diagnosis, among other things. So, the new work could have implications for both biological research and clinical practice.

For the Tsinghua University team, this was their third win, coming on the heels of victories at the International Supercomputing Conference in Germany and the Asia Supercomputing Community Student Supercomputer Challenge.

China’s Team Diablo Turns Up the Heat to Win SC15 Student Cluster Competition

November 20, 2015 3:08 pm | by SC15 | Blogs | Comments

Team Diablo, a team of undergraduate students from Tsinghua University in China, won the top prize in the Student Cluster Competition at the SC15 conference. A team from Germany, Team TUMuch Phun from the Technical University of Munich, won the award for achieving highest performance for the Linpack benchmark. For the Tsinghua team, this was their third win, coming on the heels of victories at ISC'15 and Asia Supercomputing Community...

Speeding Highly Advanced Engineering Simulations to Maximize Real-life Product Performance

Stories You Shouldn’t Miss — November 13-19

November 20, 2015 2:48 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

Here they are — the five most-visited stories from the past week. One of the largest centralized academic cyberinfrastructures; more than a third of the HPC market leveraging HPE; speeding highly advanced engineering simulations to maximize real-life product performance; the most extreme entanglement between pairs of photons ever seen in the lab; and the first data-driven map of earth’s hidden groundwater reserves.

Snowflake Close-up -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Image of Distinction -- Click to enlarge

Close-up: Snowflake

November 20, 2015 11:17 am | News | Comments

This 8X photograph shows a snowflake. It was designated an Image of Distinction in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using brightfield illumination.

The award-winning research used innovative algorithms and a mathematical approach called an implicit solver to realistically simulate the most extreme topographic features on the Earth’s surface for the first time.

Gordon Bell Prize Awarded for Most Realistic Simulation of Earth’s Interior

November 20, 2015 9:52 am | by IBM | News | Comments

Scientists at University of Texas at Austin, IBM Research, NYU and the California Institute of Technology have been awarded the 2015 Gordon Bell Prize for realistically simulating current conditions of the Earth’s interior. The work could herald a major step toward more accurately predicting earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. The accomplishment was made using advanced analytics running on the“Sequoia IBM BlueGene/Q, located at the LLNL.

"FishOS, an efficiency-driven, massively scalable, cloud management platform, enables hyper efficient cloud infrastructure. FishDirector is the world's first utilization-aware solution for OpenStack automation. It can easily double, and even triple, custo

Sardina Systems receives IDC HPC Innovation Excellence Award at SC15

November 20, 2015 9:35 am | by Sardina Systems | News | Comments

Sardina Systems has been announced as a winner of the IDC HPC Innovation Excellence Award at SC15. The award recognizes noteworthy achievements by users of high performance computing technologies. Sardina Systems has achieved clear success in applying HPC to greatly improve business ROI, scientific advancement and engineering successes, and they are at the forefront of helping drive new capabilities in cloud-based HPC computing.



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