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Incredible High-res Project Apollo Archive Photos now on Flickr

Stories You Shouldn’t Miss — October 2-8

October 9, 2015 | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

In case you missed them, here’s another chance to catch this week’s greatest hits. The Martian a space epic that explores ordinary human decency; a secret Maoist Chinese operation that conquered malaria — and won a Nobel Prize; a 'Stealth Dark Matter' theory that may explain the Universe's missing mass; “What’s this Gadget?” — mystery photos released by the Library of Congress; and incredible high-res Project Apollo Archive photos...

Athens, Greece -- Copyright Copernicus Sentinel data (2015)/ESA – Click to enlarge

Athens, Greece

October 9, 2015 8:38 am | by ESA | News | Comments

This high-resolution optical image from Sentinel-2A taken on August 5, 2015, shows Athens and surroundings. The various colors clearly point out different aspects of the image. The Greek capital dominates the Attica region and is one of the world’s oldest cities, with its recorded history stretching over 3400 years. It hosts two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Acropolis of Athens and the medieval Daphni Monastery.

Roger Smith is the Chief Technology Officer for Florida Hospital's Nicholson Center.

Gamers Today, Surgeons Tomorrow?

October 8, 2015 2:04 pm | by Roger Smith, Ph.D., Florida Hospital Nicholson Center | Blogs | Comments

The best video gamers possess quick reaction times and expert hand-eye coordination, all similar qualities of a great surgeon. These similarities present the question of whether or not gaming skills have any effect on basic robotic surgery skills, which the Florida Hospital Nicholson Center recently put to the test. Research on whether or not gaming influences surgical aptitude has been an ongoing focus ...

A magnetized cobalt disk (red) placed atop a thin cobalt-palladium film (light purple background) can be made to confer its own ringed configuration of magnetic moments (orange arrows) to the film below, creating a skyrmion in the film (purple arrows). Th

Skyrmions: A New Approach to Creating Computer Memory

October 8, 2015 12:27 pm | by National Institute of Standards and Technology | News | Comments

What can skyrmions do for you? These ghostly quantum rings, heretofore glimpsed only under extreme laboratory conditions, just might be the basis for a new type of computer memory that never loses its grip on the data it stores. The exotic ring-shaped magnetic effects have been coaxed out of deepfreeze with a method that creates magnetic skyrmions under ambient room conditions, bringing them closer for use in real-world data storage.

Visualization of the routing paths of the Internet. NSF invests in research to enhance security practices and technologies, bolster education and training in cybersecurity, establish a science of cybersecurity and transition promising cybersecurity resear

Protecting the Frontiers of Cyberspace

October 8, 2015 12:16 pm | by National Science Foundation | News | Comments

The National Science Foundation has long supported cybersecurity research to protect the frontiers of cyberspace. NSF investments in basic research have resulted in innovative ways to secure information and ensure privacy on the Internet and have led to algorithms that form the basis for electronic commerce, software security bug detection, spam filtering and much more. On October 7, NSF awarded $74.5 million in research grants.

Privacy Tools for Sharing Research Data: A National Science Foundation Secure and Trustworthy Cyberspace Project. A multidisciplinary effort to help enable the collection, analysis, and sharing of personal data for research in social science and other fie

Differential Privacy: Safely Sharing and Studying Sensitive Data

October 8, 2015 12:07 pm | by National Science Foundation | News | Comments

The promise of big data lies in researchers' ability to mine massive datasets for insights that can save lives, improve services and inform our understanding of the world. These data may be generated by surfing the Web, interacting with medical devices or passing sensors. Some data may be trivial, but in many cases, data are deeply personal. They can even influence our insurance premiums or the price we pay for a product online.

Lilium Anther -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Image of Distinction -- Click to enlarge

Close-up: Lilium Anther

October 8, 2015 11:25 am | News | Comments

This 500X photograph shows the second division tetrads of a Lilium anther. It was designated an Image of Distinction in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using differential interference contrast.

Visualization of dark matter in the Dark Sky Simulation, the first trillion-particle simulation to be made publicly available. It spans a region nearly 40 billion light-years across, and was produced using 80 million CPU hours on the Oak Ridge National La

HPC Transforms Cosmology

October 8, 2015 10:26 am | by Deborah Bard, NERSC | Blogs | Comments

The experiment that revealed the existence of dark energy came from measurements of the properties of a few tens of exploding stars in distant galaxies — but today cosmologists work with measurements of millions of galaxies, and HPC is playing an increasingly important part in their work. We use galaxies to trace the structure of matter in the universe.

James Kisner of Jefferies believes that the most likely possibilities are EMC buying Dell or a merger between the two businesses.

Ahead of the Bell: EMC up Premarket on Dell Speculation

October 8, 2015 7:57 am | by AP | News | Comments

EMC's stock was surging in premarket trading on October 8, 2015, on reports of a potential deal between Dell and the data storage company. James Kisner of Jefferies believes that the most likely possibilities are EMC buying Dell or a merger between the two businesses. The analyst thinks Dell buying EMC or EMC going private is unlikely, considering EMC's size. Kisner wrote that a combination of Dell and EMC would make sense.


Self-learning Computer Algorithms Enable Two-day Cancer Diagnosis

October 7, 2015 3:29 pm | by Mette Haagen Marcussen, Technical University of Denmark | News | Comments

In about one in 20 cancer cases, the doctor can confirm the patient has cancer but cannot find the source. These patients then face the prospect of a long wait with numerous diagnostic tests before starting any treatment. Now, researchers have combined genetics with computer science and created a new diagnostic technology based on advanced self-learning computer algorithms that can identify the source of the disease and target treatment.

A mathematical algorithm can “see” your intention while performing an ordinary action like driving straight up a road — even if the action is interrupted. The car’s artificial intelligence would use the algorithm to bring the car’s course more in line wit

Psychic Robot will know What You Really Meant to Do

October 7, 2015 3:18 pm | by Jeanne Galatzer-Levy, University of Illinois | News | Comments

What if software could steer a car back on track if the driver swerves on ice? Or guide a prosthesis to help a shaky stroke patient smoothly lift a cup? Bioengineers have developed a mathematical algorithm that can “see” your intention while performing an ordinary action like reaching for a cup or driving straight up a road — even if the action is interrupted. The algorithm can predict the way you wanted to move.

The Argonne Training Program for Extreme-Scale Computing is geared for scientists and engineers who intend to dedicate their career to research that requires very high-end computing.

Training for Extreme-scale Computing

October 7, 2015 2:29 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

The two-week Argonne Training Program for Extreme-Scale Computing (ATPESC) is described as a “can’t-miss opportunity” for the next generation of HPC scientists. The program is designed to provide intensive training on the key skills, approaches and tools needed to design, implement and execute computational science and engineering applications on current high-end computing systems and the leadership-class computing systems of the future.

The robot system allows the researchers to record very precisely how many combinations of chemicals and the outcomes of the reaction, which will help them to calculate the likelihood of producing the first complex molecules essential for life as we know i

Can a Chemical Search Engine Explain How Life Began on Earth?

October 7, 2015 1:16 pm | by University of Glasgow | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a new form of “chemical search engine” that could provide clues to the origins of life on Earth. They describe a new approach to solving a 50-year conundrum in which they used an automated robot system to explore many different random combinations of the building blocks of proteins. The team found that peptide compounds of long length and complexity can form in a very simple way.

OPESCI-FD code generation steps beginning with inputting partial differential equation (PDE). Courtesy of Tianjiao Sun, Imperial College London.

Advancing FWI Seismic Imaging and HPC Code Optimization

October 7, 2015 11:03 am | by Linda Barney | Articles | Comments

This article is the second of a two-part series on seismic imaging; it looks at HPC seismic imaging advances and full wave inversion (FWI) analysis performed by Imperial College, Intel Parallel Computing Center (Intel PCC) and SENAI CIMATEC, Brazil. Entering the exascale era of computing, disruptive changes to computer architectures offer many opportunities, however, also demand disruptive changes in software to achieve full potential.

Antique Slide with Longitudinal Tapeworm Section -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Image of Distinction -- Click to enlarge

Antique Slide with Longitudinal Tapeworm Section

October 7, 2015 10:37 am | News | Comments

This 4X photograph is an antique slide featuring a longitudinal section of a tapeworm. It was designated an Image of Distinction in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using darkfield microscopy.

The researchers’ first step is to produce a generic brain template by averaging the voxel values of hundreds of randomly selected MRI scans.

Machine-learning Systems predict Change in Alzheimer’s Brain

October 7, 2015 10:26 am | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

Researchers are developing a computer system that uses genetic, demographic and clinical data to predict the effects of disease on brain anatomy. They trained a machine-learning system on MRI data from patients with neurodegenerative diseases and found that supplementing that training with other patient information improved predictions. In patients with drastic changes in brain anatomy, the additional data cut the error rate in half.



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