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The Internet contains a vast trove of information -- sometimes called the "Deep Web" -- that isn't indexed by search engines: information that would be useful for tracking criminals, terrorist activities, sex trafficking and the spread of diseases. Scient

'Deep Web' Searching in the Name of Science

May 26, 2015 | by Elizabeth Landau, NASA | News | Comments

The Internet contains a vast trove of information - sometimes called the "Deep Web" - that isn't indexed by search engines: information that would be useful for tracking criminals, terrorist activities, sex trafficking and the spread of diseases. Scientists could also use it to search for images and data from spacecraft. 

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The EYR-Global program, sponsored by 12 leading national research and education networks representing the Americas, Asia-Pacific and Europe, was patterned after SURFnet’s successful national Enlighten Your Research competition in the Netherlands and repre

Enhancing Global‪ Network Connectivity: EYR-Global International Data Project Submissions due June 7

May 27, 2015 12:28 pm | by SC15 | News | Comments

Scientists whose research projects would significantly benefit from enhanced global‪ network connectivity are invited to submit a project proposal to 2015 Enlighten Your Research Program Global (EYR-Global). The deadline is June 7. The EYR-Global program represents an important step forward in helping researchers in all fields to incorporate advanced global research networks to significantly improve discoveries and collaboration.

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Cai's group addressed two key barriers to using wood-derived materials in an electronics setting: surface smoothness and thermal expansion.

New Kind of Computer Chip uses Flexible, Biodegradable Cellulose Nanofibril Substrate

May 27, 2015 10:25 am | by John Steeno, University of Wisconsin-Madison | News | Comments

Portable electronics — typically made of non-renewable, non-biodegradable, potentially toxic materials — are discarded at an alarming rate in consumers' pursuit of the next best electronic gadget. In an effort to alleviate the environmental burden of electronic devices, researchers developed a surprising solution: a semiconductor chip made almost entirely of wood. They addressed two key barriers: surface smoothness and thermal expansion.

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More than 100,000 taxpayers have had their personal tax information stolen from an IRS Web site as part of an elaborate scheme to claim fraudulent tax refunds.  The information was stolen from an online system called "Get Transcript," where taxpayers can

Extremely Sophisticated Criminals access Tremendous Amount of IRS Data

May 27, 2015 9:41 am | by Stephen Ohlemacher, Associated Press | News | Comments

More than 100,000 taxpayers have had their personal tax information stolen from an IRS Web site as part of an elaborate scheme to claim fraudulent tax refunds. The information was stolen from a system called "Get Transcript," where taxpayers can get tax returns and other tax filings from previous years. In order to access the information, the thieves cleared a security screen...

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Typhoon Maysak strengthened into a super typhoon on March 31, reaching Category 5 hurricane status on the Saffir-Simpson Wind Scale. ESA Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti captured this image while flying over the weather system on board the International S

Space Station Flies ‘Under’ Super Typhoon Maysak

May 26, 2015 2:45 pm | News | Comments

Typhoon Maysak strengthened into a super typhoon on March 31, reaching Category 5 hurricane status on the Saffir-Simpson Wind Scale. ESA Astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti captured this image while flying over the weather system on board the International Space Station.

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Understanding how turbulence can alter the shape and course of a flock of birds, a swarm of insects or even an algal bloom could help us to better predict their impact on the environment. Now mathematicians have investigated for the first time how the sur

Model Sheds Light on 'Flocking' Behavior

May 26, 2015 1:23 pm | by Newcastle University | News | Comments

Understanding how turbulence can alter the shape and course of a flock of birds, a swarm of insects or even an algal bloom could help us to better predict their impact on the environment. Now mathematicians have investigated for the first time how the surrounding fluid environment – such as air and water - can affect the shape of a model flock.

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When you look at this photograph, what colors are the dress?

Stories You Shouldn’t Miss — May 15-21

May 22, 2015 11:56 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

In case you haven’t caught them yet, here's a recap of this week's most popular stories. Looking at the universe as a hologram; diesel fuel from carbon dioxide and water; first observations of a rare subatomic process; a big data history of music charts; secrets of colossal, invisible waves; perceptions of dress colors; and more are among the top hits.

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Through a clinical trial collaboration between Caltech, Keck Medicine of USC and Rancho Los Amigos National Rehabilitation Center, a new generation of neuroprosthetics may enable paralyzed patients to perform practical tasks and regain some of their indep

Next-gen Neuroprosthetics: Clinical Trial Shows Intuitive Control of Robotic Arm Using Thought

May 22, 2015 11:02 am | by Alison Trinidad, University of Southern California - Health Sciences | News | Comments

Paralyzed from the neck down after suffering a gunshot wound when he was 21, Erik G. Sorto now can move a robotic arm just by thinking about it and using his imagination. Sorto is the first person in the world to have a neural prosthetic device implanted in a region of the brain where intentions are made, giving him the ability to perform a fluid hand-shaking gesture, drink a beverage and even play “rock, paper, scissors.”

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Computer simulations predict a liquid phase in atomically thin golden islands that patch small pores of graphene. According to the simulations, gold atoms flow and change places in the plane, while the surrounding graphene template retains the planarity o

Quantum-mechanical Models Predict New Phase of Matter

May 22, 2015 10:27 am | by Academy of Finland | News | Comments

Computer simulations have predicted a new phase of matter, an atomically thin two-dimensional liquid. This prediction pushes the boundaries of possible phases of materials further than ever before. Two-dimensional materials themselves were considered impossible until the discovery of graphene around 10 years ago. However, they have been observed only in the solid phase, because the thermal atomic motion required for molten materials...

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Bread Mold Encapsulated into Droplets -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Honorable Mention -- Click to enlarge

Bread Mold Encapsulated into Droplets

May 22, 2015 10:09 am | News | Comments

This 5x photo shows bread mold encapsulated into droplets. It received an honorable mention in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope. The photograph was taken using fluorescence.

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Pat McGarry is Vice President of Engineering with Ryft Systems

Deriving Real Time Value from Big Data

May 22, 2015 9:51 am | by Pat McGarry, Ryft Systems | Blogs | Comments

Everyone has heard the old adage that time is money. In today’s society, business moves at the speed of making a phone call, looking something up online via your cell phone, or posting a tweet. So, when time is money (and can be a lot of money), why are businesses okay with waiting weeks or even months to get valuable information from their data?

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The Showcase Committee is very interested in creating a repository of images and clips that can be used for education, motivation, and to explain science and engineering systems, particularly in HPC activities.

SC15 Scientific Visualization Showcase Submissions due July 31

May 21, 2015 2:53 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

SC15’s Visualization and Data Analytics Showcase Program will provide a forum for the year's most instrumental movies in HPC. The Showcase Committee is “very interested in creating a repository of images and clips that can be used for education, motivation, and to explain science and engineering systems, particularly in HPC activities.” Participation is encouraged from people and areas that normally do not get involved with SC.

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Anyone can suffer from an infection, for example in their stomach, urinary tract or skin. However, a new Danish study shows that a patient’s distress does not necessarily end once the infection has been treated. In fact, ensuing infections can affect your

Infections can affect your IQ

May 21, 2015 11:49 am | by Ingrid Marie Fossum, Aarhus University | News | Comments

Anyone can suffer from an infection, for example in their stomach, urinary tract or skin. However, a new Danish study shows that a patient’s distress does not necessarily end once the infection has been treated. In fact, ensuing infections can affect your cognitive ability measured by an IQ test.

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Gamers might one day be able to enjoy the same graphics-intensive fast-action video games they play on their gaming consoles or personal computers from mobile devices without guzzling gigabytes, thanks to a new tool developed by researchers at Duke Univer

Playing Graphics-intensive Fast-Action Games in the Cloud without Guzzling Gigabytes

May 21, 2015 9:50 am | by Duke University | News | Comments

Gamers might one day be able to enjoy the same graphics-intensive fast-action video games they play on their gaming consoles or personal computers from mobile devices without guzzling gigabytes, thanks to a new tool developed by researchers at Duke University and Microsoft Research. Named “Kahawai," the tool delivers graphics and gameplay on par with conventional cloud-gaming setups for a fraction of the bandwidth.

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Hack Crash was identified as a computer-based event, initiated by sophisticated algorithms designed to identify and evaluate Internet content that could influence markets. Those algorithms launched what amounted, in human terms, to a panicked trading spre

With One False Tweet, Computer-based Hack Crash Led to Real Panic

May 21, 2015 9:30 am | by Bert Gambini, University at Buffalo | News | Comments

A false tweet from a hacked account owned by the Associated Press in 2013 sent financial markets into a tailspin. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped 143.5 points and the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index lost more than $136 billion of its value in the seconds that immediately followed the post. Once the nature of the tweet was discovered, markets corrected themselves, but the Hack Crash event demonstrates the need...

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Close-up: Twisted-wing Parasite -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Honorable Mention -- Click to enlargeThis 10x photo shows a ventral view of the head of the twisted-wing parasite Myrmecolax sp. It received an honorable mention in

Close-up: Twisted-wing Parasite

May 21, 2015 9:13 am | News | Comments

This 10x photo shows a ventral view of the head of the twisted-wing parasite Myrmecolax sp. It received an honorable mention in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope. The photograph was taken using reflected light and focus stacking.

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