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View Over an Alien World – Courtesy of ESA/NASA/JPL/University of Arizona – Click to enlarge

View Over an Alien World

February 10, 2016 9:17 am | by ESA | News | Comments

At first glance, this scene may look like a reptilian eye or a textured splash of orange paint, but it is actually a fish-eye view of Saturn’s moon Titan. It was acquired at a height of about five kilometers as ESA’s Huygens probe, part of the international Cassini-Huygens mission, descended through Titan’s atmosphere before landing.

Connections between the 7563 main Star Wars characters. Courtesy of K.Benzi LTS2/PFL

Mathematics Reveal the Unseen Worlds of Star Wars

February 10, 2016 9:01 am | by EPFL | News | Comments

Do you think you know all there is to know about Star Wars? You may change your mind after reading this article. Using a new computer program, researchers revealed some interesting statistics on the famous saga. Drawing on the principles of graph theory, which harnesses computing power and mathematical calculations, they analyzed hundreds of web pages devoted to the legendary film series.

Is your business ready for the next wave?

6 Disruptive Technologies that will Shape Business in the Years Ahead

February 9, 2016 1:28 pm | by Charmaine Glavas and Kate Letheren, Queensland University of Technology | Articles | Comments

Regardless of your industry, the marketplace is continually evolving. The reason, increasingly, is the evolution of disruptive technology. The enhancement of current technology and the development of new technological innovations will undeniably transform how new businesses are established, and how existing businesses compete. Adapting quickly will be essential, so here’s the top six we think you should be prepared for.

Researchers are providing tools and software that, without any expertise, allow you to create and animate a 3-D version of yourself in four minutes.

Future of Gaming: Create your own Character in just Four Minutes

February 9, 2016 12:24 pm | by Andrew Good, University of Southern California | News | Comments

Want to see the future of gaming? Look in the mirror. Video games are increasingly allowing players to custom design their own characters. Until now, players relied on predesigned faces and body types provided by a game’s creators. But a new set of free tools allows players to upload their own face and body into a game. It takes just four minutes to scan and upload a digital avatar, and the kit supports a range of game engines.

ORNL researchers (from left) Seung-Hwan Lim, Larry Roberts, Sreenivas Rangan Sukumar and Matt Lee developed a new smart data tool for medical research called ORiGAMI that has the potential to accelerate medical research and discovery.

Cure for Medical Research’s Big Data Headache: Smart Data Tool Accelerates Literature-based Discovery

February 9, 2016 11:09 am | by Oak Ridge National Laboratory | News | Comments

As medical research has become more specialized, understanding of the human body has increased, resulting in enhanced treatments, new drugs and better health outcomes. A side effect of this information explosion, however, is the fragmentation of knowledge. With thousands of new articles being published every day, developments that could inform and add context to medicine’s global body of knowledge often go unnoticed.

London Nightlife – Courtesy of ESA/NASA – Click to enlarge

London Nightlife

February 9, 2016 10:27 am | by ESA | News | Comments

ESA astronaut Tim Peake took this image of London, UK, from the International Space Station 400 kilometers above Earth. At the time, it was midnight in the capital city and, because the Space Station runs on Greenwich Mean Time, it was also the same time for Tim Peake. Tim took this photo from the Space Station’s European-built Cupola observatory. Such a clear image is rare.

Would you trust your child’s health to a robot surgeon?

Robots in Healthcare could lead to a Doctorless Hospital

February 9, 2016 10:04 am | by Anjali Jaiprakash, Jonathan Roberts and Ross Crawford, Queensland University of Technology | Articles | Comments

Imagine your child requires a life-saving operation. You enter the hospital and are confronted with a stark choice. Do you take the traditional path with human medical staff, where long-term trials have shown a 90 percent chance they will save your child’s life? Or do you choose the robotic track, tended to by technical specialists and robots, but where similar long-term trials have shown that your child has a 95 percent chance?

The brain implant sends signals to anything from a bionic prosthetic limb, to a full body exoskeleton. Courtesy of Rex Bionics

How Mind-controlled Bionic Devices could help Quadriplegics Walk

February 9, 2016 9:43 am | by Clive May, Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health | Articles | Comments

The development of “mind-controlled” bionic devices moved another step closer with the publication of a paper describing how a tiny, 3cm-long stent containing 12 electrodes could one day help people living with spinal cord injury to walk with the power of thought. The device, called the stentrode, is inserted into the jugular vein in the neck and pushed up the vein until it reaches the brain’s motor cortex.

A new collection of emulated malware programs — typically viruses that were distributed in the 1980s and 1990s on home computers — launched just few days ago on the Internet Archive and has already attracted more than 100,000 visitors.

A Night at the Malware Museum

February 9, 2016 8:42 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

Offering a glimpse of an important part of computer history, the new Malware Museum is an online collection featuring emulated versions of MS-DOS viruses from a simpler time. Assembled by Mikko Hermanni Hyppönen, the chief resource officer at Finnish security firm F-secure, the new collection of emulated malware programs launched just few days ago and has already attracted more than 100,000 visitors.

A "graph" is a way of visualizing a database: Circles called "nodes" represent data items, and lines called "edges" represent links between them. By focusing on the most important edges, Cornell researchers are gaining access to the data faster.

Search Engines will know What You Want ... Sooner

February 8, 2016 11:40 am | by Bill Steele, Cornell University | News | Comments

If you enter “Oklahoma” in a search engine, you might get a travelog, news about the oil industry, Oklahoma State football scores or an article on Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals. What appears at the top of the list might — and should — depend on what you were actually looking for. Web search engines, social media sites and retailers that offer recommendations sometimes personalize ranking of results by looking at your search history.

Cooking is full of scientific and mathematical formulas. Whether you're feeding a hungry family of six, or simply wishing to treat yourself on Shrove Tuesday, a new calculator will tell you exactly what you need to rustle-up perfect pancakes.

Mathematicians Reveal Secret to Perfect Pancakes

February 8, 2016 11:28 am | by University of Sheffield | News | Comments

Mathematicians have developed, trialed and tested a formula which enables pancake-lovers across the world to rustle-up pancakes to their own personal preference, taking into account the number of pancakes required, thickness and pan size. Whether you're feeding a hungry family of six, or simply wishing to treat yourself on Shrove Tuesday, the formula will help you prepare the perfect pancake feast.

Pedestrian detection system developed in the Statistical Visual Computing Lab at UC San Diego Courtesy of UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering

New Algorithm Improves Speed and Accuracy of Pedestrian Detection

February 8, 2016 11:15 am | by University of California | News | Comments

What if computers could recognize objects as well as the human brain? Engineers have taken an important step with a pedestrian detection system that performs in near real-time with higher accuracy compared to existing systems. The technology could be used in smart vehicles, robotics and image and video search systems. The algorithm combines traditional computer vision classification,  known as cascade detection, with deep learning.

Clay tablets like this one, describing Halley's Comet in 164 BCE, record the Babylonians' advanced astronomical observations. Courtesy of Gavin Collins

Ancient Babylonians used Advanced Geometry Roughly 1400 Years before Europeans

February 8, 2016 10:19 am | by Michelle Hampson, AAAS | News | Comments

Analysis of ancient Babylonian tablets reveals that the tablets' makers used geometry to calculate the position of Jupiter — using a technique that was previously believed to have been developed at least 1400 years later in 14th century Europe. Babylon was an ancient and powerful epicenter in the Middle East. While several hundred fragmented tablets exist, analysis of just five reveals advanced geometry techniques.

Rob Farber is a global technology consultant and author with an extensive background in machine-learning and a long history of working with national labs and corporations engaged in both HPC and enterprise computing.

Deep Learning Revitalizes Neural Networks to Match or Beat Humans on Complex Tasks

February 8, 2016 9:55 am | by Rob Farber | Articles | Comments

Deep learning has created a resurgence of interest in neural networks and application to everything from Internet search to self-driving cars. Results show better-than-human accuracy on real-world tasks that include speech and facial recognition. Fueled by modern massively parallel computing technology, it is now possible to train very complex multi-layer neural network architectures on large data sets to an acceptable degree of accuracy.

President Obama visits with students and engages in coding during the "Hour of Code" event in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, in Washington, D.C., December 8, 2014. Official White House Photo

Why Schools need to Introduce Computing in all Subjects

February 8, 2016 9:24 am | by Uri Wilensky, Northwestern University | Articles | Comments

In his recent State of the Union address, President Barack Obama said schools need to offer every student hands-on computer science classes to be better prepared for the workforce. President Obama is right: the next generation of learners will require a high level of fluency with modes of thinking in which computers act as interactive partners. The question is: how best to make sure they acquire that thinking?



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