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Net-winged midge -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World

Close-up: Net-winged Midge Larvae

October 27, 2014 3:23 pm | News | Comments

This 40X photo shows abdominal segments of net-winged midge larvae. It received an Image of Distinction designation in the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope, and was taken using stereomicroscopy.

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Working with the Sierra Leone Government, IBM is producing heatmaps showing Ebola-related issues as reported by the citizens of Freetown, Sierra Leone. Courtesy of IBM

IBM Launches Humanitarian Initiatives to Help Contain Ebola

October 27, 2014 3:16 pm | by IBM | News | Comments

IBM has launched several initiatives to help curb the spread of Ebola in West Africa. They include a global platform for sharing Ebola-related open data; a citizen engagement and analytics system in Sierra Leone that enables communities affected by Ebola to communicate their issues and concerns directly to the government; and a donation of IBM Connections technology in Nigeria to strengthen the government’s preparedness for future outbreaks

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President Barack Obama is directing federal money toward new technologies, apprenticeship programs and competitions designed to assist small manufacturers.

Obama Taking Action to Push Manufacturing

October 27, 2014 12:58 pm | by AP | News | Comments

President Barack Obama is expanding his push for increased manufacturing in the United States by directing federal money toward new technologies, apprenticeship programs and competitions designed to assist small manufacturers. The White House announced the executive actions October 27, 2014, as part of the day's focus on manufacturing, which administration officials consider one of the bright spots of the economic recovery.

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Micro-optical array projectors: Double-sided lens array with buried slide array (left) and lens array with buried color filters for LCD micro-imager (right) © Fraunhofer IOF

Researchers Project a Million Dazzlingly Sharp Images per Second on Curved Screens

October 27, 2014 5:38 am | by Fraunhofer | News | Comments

Projecting images on curved screens poses a dilemma. The sharper the image, the darker it is. A novel optical approach brings brightness and sharpness together for the first time on screens of any curvature — and additionally allows about 10,000-times faster projection rates. Researchers have applied a proven approach used with cameras.

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When properly understood, privacy rules are essential, Neil M. Richards, JD, professor of law says.

Right to Privacy: Achieving Meaningful Protection in a Big Data World

October 24, 2014 8:42 pm | by Washington University in St. Louis | News | Comments

In the digital age in which we live, monitoring, security breaches and hacks of sensitive data are all too common. It has been argued that privacy has no place in this big data environment and anything we put online can, and probably will, be seen by prying eyes. In a new paper, a privacy law expert makes the case that, when properly understood, privacy rules will be an essential and valuable part of our digital future.

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Researchers found that people who played violent video games in 3-D showed more evidence of anger afterward than did people who played using traditional 2-D systems — even those with large screens. © lassedesignen / Fotolia

Violent 3-D Gaming Provokes More Anger

October 24, 2014 5:17 pm | by Jeff Grabmeier, The Ohio State University | News | Comments

Playing violent video games in 3-D makes everything seem more real — and that may have troubling consequences for players, a new study reveals. Researchers found that people who played violent video games in 3-D showed more evidence of anger afterward than did people who played using traditional 2-D systems — even those with large screens.

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A 3-D image of the researchers' study site in Malaysian Borneo using drone data and a photo of the Sensefly eBee drone up close. Courtesy of Trends in Parasitology, Fornace et al.

Drones Help Map Spread of Infectious Disease

October 24, 2014 5:07 pm | by Cell Press | News | Comments

Unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, can collect detailed information in real time at relatively low cost for ecological research. In a new Opinion piece published in the Cell Press journal Trends in Parasitology, experts demonstrate that drones can be used to understand how environmental factors influence the spread of infectious diseases.

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A Google executive has broken the sound barrier and set several skydiving records over the southern New Mexico desert after taking a leap from the edge of space.

Supersonic Skydiver: Google Exec Sets Records with Leap from Near-Space

October 24, 2014 4:54 pm | by AP | News | Comments

A Google executive has broken the sound barrier and set several skydiving records over the southern New Mexico desert after taking a leap from the edge of space. Alan Eustace's supersonic jump from a high-altitude, helium-filled balloon is part of a project by Paragon Space Development and its Stratospheric Explorer team. The goal is to develop a self-contained commercial spacesuit that would allow people to explore the stratosphere.

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Spectronaut Software

Spectronaut Software

October 24, 2014 4:35 pm | by Biognosys | Product Releases | Comments

Spectronaut is softwarefor analysis of hyper reaction monitoring, HRM-MS (SWATH, DIA) data. HRM-MS is a targeted proteomics technology based on data-independent acquisition (DIA) performed on new generation mass spectrometric systems. Spectral library generation capability based on MaxQuant search results is incorporated into the software.

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High in the atmosphere of Titan, large patches of two trace gases glow near the north pole, on the dusk side of the moon, and near the south pole, on the dawn side. Brighter colors indicate stronger signals from the two gases, HNC (left) and HC3N (right);

Astrochemists Discover Titan Glows at Dusk and Dawn

October 24, 2014 3:49 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

New maps of Saturn’s moon Titan reveal large patches of trace gases shining brightly near the north and south poles. These regions are curiously shifted off the poles, to the east or west, so that dawn is breaking over the southern region while dusk is falling over the northern one.

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The sun emitted a significant solar flare on October 19, 2014-- Courtesy of NASA/Solar Dynamics Observatory

Significant Solar Flare in Extreme Ultraviolet

October 24, 2014 3:35 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

The sun emitted a significant solar flare on October 19, 2014, peaking at 1:01 a.m. EDT. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, which is always observing the sun, captured this image of the event in extreme ultraviolet wavelength of 131 Angstroms — a wavelength that can see the intense heat of a flare and that is typically colorized in teal.

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Researchers used the Pancam on NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity to capture this 10-second-exposure view of comet C/2013 A1 Siding Spring as it flew near Mars on October 19, 2014. Courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech/Cornell Univ./ASU/TAMU

NASA Rover Opportunity Captured Images of Comet Siding Spring

October 23, 2014 3:56 pm | by NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory | News | Comments

NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity captured images of a comet passing much closer to Mars than any previous known comet flyby of Earth or Mars. The images of comet Siding Spring were taken against a backdrop of the pre-dawn Martian sky on October 19, 2014. Images of comet A1 Siding Spring from the rover's panoramic camera (Pancam) are online.

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Researchers are expanding the applicability of biological circuits. Background: Microscopic image of human kidney cells with fluorescent proteins in cell culture.

Constructing Precisely Functioning, Programmable Bio-computers

October 23, 2014 3:40 pm | by Fabio Bergamin, ETH | News | Comments

Bio-engineers are working on the development of biological computers with the aim of designing small circuits made from biological material that can be integrated into cells to change their functions. In the future, such developments could enable cancer cells to be reprogrammed, thereby preventing them from dividing at an uncontrollable rate. Stem cells could likewise be reprogrammed into differentiated organ cells.

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NIST Cloud Computing Roadmap Details Research Requirements, Action Plans  Courtesy of Irvine/NIST and ©magann/Fotolia

NIST Cloud Computing Roadmap Reflects Worldwide Input

October 23, 2014 3:23 pm | by National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) | News | Comments

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has published the final version of the US Government Cloud Computing Technology Roadmap, Volumes I and II. The roadmap focuses on strategic and tactical objectives to support the federal government’s accelerated adoption of cloud computing. This final document reflects the input from more than 200 comments on the initial draft received from around the world.

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To carry out their work, the team was awarded resources on two world-class supercomputers — HeCTOR at the University of Edinburgh and Abel at the University of Oslo — which were made available through PRACE.

Imaging Extremely Distant Galaxies to Create New Window on Early Universe

October 23, 2014 3:18 pm | by University of Bonn | News | Comments

Scientists at the Universities of Bonn and Cardiff see good times approaching for astrophysicists after hatching a new observational strategy to distill detailed information from galaxies at the edge of the Universe. Using two world-class supercomputers, the researchers were able to demonstrate the effectiveness of their approach by simulating the formation of a massive galaxy at the dawn of cosmic time.

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