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Math Unites the Celestial and the Atomic

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

In recent years, researchers have developed astonishing new insights into a hidden unity between the motion of objects in space and that of the smallest particles. It turns out there is an almost perfect parallel between the mathematics describing celestial mechanics and the mathematics governing some aspects of atomic physics…

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Forecasting the Next Great San Francisco Earthquake

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

The San Francisco Bay region has a 25 percent chance of a magnitude 7 or greater earthquake in the next 20 years, and a roughly 1 percent chance of such an earthquake each year, according to the "Virtual California" computer simulation

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Hurricane Katrina: Scientists Fly Into Eye of the Storm

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Real-time radar data and high-tech communications were the keystones to success last weekend as the Rainband and Intensity Change Experiment (RAINEX) project began its research with Hurricane Katrina. The project is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF)…

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Small, Unmanned Aircraft Search for Survivors in Katrina Wreckage

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Providing the benefits of speed, portability and access, a pair of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) surveyed storm-damaged communities in Mississippi as part of the search for trapped survivors of Hurricane Katrina. In what is one of the first deployments of such craft for disaster search and rescue, the vehicles captured video imagery to help responders focus efforts and avoid hazards…

A Cosmic Baby-Boom

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

The Universe was a more fertile place soon after it was formed than has previously been suspected. A team of French and Italian astronomers made indeed the surprising discovery of a large and unknown population of distant galaxies observed when the Universe was only 10 to 30% its present age

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Dartmouth Researchers Build World's Smallest Mobile Robot

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

In a world where "supersize" has entered the lexicon, there are some things getting smaller, like cell phones and laptops. Dartmouth researchers have contributed to the miniaturizing trend by creating the world's smallest, untethered controllable robot. Their extremely tiny machine is about as wide as a strand of human hair…

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Most Distant Explosion Detected Smashes Previous Record

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Scientists using the NASA Swift satellite and several ground-based telescopes have detected the most distant explosion yet, a gamma-ray burst from the edge of the visible Universe. This powerful burst, likely marking the death of a massive star as it collapsed into a black hole, was detected on September 4. It comes from an era soon after stars and galaxies first formed…

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What Time is it…Really?

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

The world's best clock, NIST-F1, has been improved over the past few years and now measures time and frequency more than twice as accurately as it did in 1999 when first used as a national standard, physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) report…

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For All You Four Eyes Out There…

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Foggy lenses and windows are a nuisance, and in the case of automobile windows, can pose a driving hazard. Now, a group of scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) may have found a permanent solution to the problem. The team has developed a unique polymer coating…

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Widget Watch: A New Twist on Power Walking

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

In an unprecedented breakthrough in the development of portable and renewable human-driven energy sources, an MBL (Marine Biological Laboratory) biomechanics expert who studies how muscle moves skeletons in fish and frogs has invented a backpack that gives new meaning to the term power walking…

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New Microchip Design Could Expand Mobile Phone Memory

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Mobile phones could one day have the memory capacity of a desktop computer thanks to a microchip that mimics the functioning of the brain, scientists reported in the journal Science . Researchers say their new computer chip design will enable large amounts of data to be stored in small volumes…

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Tiny Computers Go Where No Computer Has Gone Before

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

A major breakthrough in the use of molecules as information processors was announced at this year's BA Festival of Science in Dublin. Nanotechnology experts are exploring the capabilities of molecules that act like conventional computers but can operate in tiny places where no silicon-based chip or semiconductor can go…

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How Will Our Solar System Die?

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Astronomers have glimpsed dusty debris around an essentially dead star where gravity and radiation should have long ago removed any sign of dust — a discovery that may provide insights into our own solar system's eventual demise several billion years from now…

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Supersizing Supercomputers: What’s Next?

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Supercomputers excel at highly calculation-intensive tasks, such as molecular modeling and large-scale simulations, and have enabled significant scientific breakthroughs. Yet supercomputers themselves are subject to technological advancements and redesigns that allow them to keep pace with the science they support…

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High Performance Computing May Improve Combustion Efficiency

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Rising oil prices have revved momentum to develop more efficient combustion systems. But instrumental to this goal is a need to achieve greater understanding of the complex chemical reactions involved in combustion processes…

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