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The 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2005 with one half to Roy J. Glauber of Harvard University, Cambridge, MA "for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence;" and one half jointly to John L. Hall of JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO…

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Wetness-defying Water?

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Now you can extend that truism about oil and water to water and itself. Water and water don't always mix, either. The textbooks say that water readily comes together with other water, open arms of hydrogen clasping oxygen attached to other OH molecules. This is the very definition of “wetness”…

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White-light Producing Quantum Dots Could Make Light Bulbs Obsolete

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Take an LED that produces intense, blue light, coat it with a thin layer of special microscopic beads called quantum dots, and you have what could become the successor to the venerable light bulb…

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'Urgent Quest' Helps Prevent Battlefield Friendly Fire

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Sandia National Laboratories, along with partners General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. and Sierra Monolithics Inc., demonstrated the Athena Radar-Responsive Tag during Exercise “Urgent Quest” in the United Kingdom…

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First Internet-built Student Satellite Successfully Launched

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

SSETI Express, a low Earth orbit spacecraft designed and built by European university students under the supervision of ESA’s Education Department, was successfully launched on October 27 at 08:52 CEST from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome on a Russian Kosmos 3M launcher…

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It’s Not a Mirage: Robots Roam the Mojave Desert Sands

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has announced the completion of the DARPA Grand Challenge 2005. Twenty-three robotic ground vehicles competed in a desert road test designed to advance autonomous technologies that could one day save lives on the battlefield…

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Atoms Under Control

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Complex computing operations could be greatly accelerated through massive parallel processing in a quantum computer. The smallest units of information are known as quantum bits, which could be realized using atoms or molecules, if one can manipulate their position, quantum state…

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Forecasting the Next Great San Francisco Earthquake

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

The San Francisco Bay region has a 25 percent chance of a magnitude 7 or greater earthquake in the next 20 years, and a roughly 1 percent chance of such an earthquake each year, according to the "Virtual California" computer simulation

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Math Unites the Celestial and the Atomic

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

In recent years, researchers have developed astonishing new insights into a hidden unity between the motion of objects in space and that of the smallest particles. It turns out there is an almost perfect parallel between the mathematics describing celestial mechanics and the mathematics governing some aspects of atomic physics…

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Announcing the 2005 Science and Engineering Visualization Challenge Winners

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Sometimes the best way to express a scientific idea is through an image that grabs the eye. Nine entries, each telling a scientific story with a careful balance of accuracy and beauty, have won the 2005 Science and Engineering Visualization Challenge, sponsored jointly by the National Science Foundation and the journal Science…

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Preserving a 460-Year-Old Wreck

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

An international team of researchers has analyzed the sulphur and iron composition in the wooden timbers of the Mary Rose, an English warship wrecked in 1545 that was salvaged two decades ago. The team used synchrotron X-rays from the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory and the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (France)…

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Mother-of-Pearl in Highest Resolution

September 30, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Mother-of-pearl, also known as nacre, is not just an iridescent substance whose optical characteristics impress the observer and which is often used for jewelry. It is also an excellent material with which to work. Nacre consists of 97 percent lime, but has a thousand times higher breaking strength…

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Hurricane Katrina: Scientists Fly Into Eye of the Storm

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Real-time radar data and high-tech communications were the keystones to success last weekend as the Rainband and Intensity Change Experiment (RAINEX) project began its research with Hurricane Katrina. The project is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF)…

Small, Unmanned Aircraft Search for Survivors in Katrina Wreckage

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | News | Comments

Providing the benefits of speed, portability and access, a pair of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) surveyed storm-damaged communities in Mississippi as part of the search for trapped survivors of Hurricane Katrina. In what is one of the first deployments of such craft for disaster search and rescue, the vehicles captured video imagery to help responders focus efforts and avoid hazards…

Partek Pro 6.0

August 31, 2005 8:00 pm | Partek Incorporated | Product Releases | Comments

Partek Pro 6.0, a statistical analysis and interactive data visualization system, is suited for analysis of experiments and studies …

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