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HPC User Forum meetings are open to anyone with an interest in high performance computing or high performance data analysis (big data using HPC), including users, vendors, funders and others.

Preliminary Agenda released for 60th HPC User Forum in Tucson, AZ

February 5, 2016 2:55 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

Registration is now open for the 60th HPC User Forum, taking place April 11-13 at the Loews Ventana Canyon in Tucson, AZ. The forum offers the chance to hear top experts on high-innovation, high-growth areas of the high performance computing market. HPC User Forum meetings are open to anyone with an interest in high performance computing or high performance data analysis (big data using HPC), including users, vendors, funders and others.

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Spore Capsule of a Moss -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2015 Nikon Small World Winner -- Click to enlarge

Spore Capsule of a Moss

February 5, 2016 2:35 pm | News | Comments

This photograph shows the spore capsule of a moss. It was the 15th place winner in the 2015 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using reflected light.

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How Many Ways Can You Arrange 128 Tennis Balls? Impossible Problem Solved

5 Stories You Shouldn’t Miss — January 29-February 4

February 5, 2016 1:33 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

Five must-read stories from the past week include the world’s smallest integrated optical switch, which operates at level of individual atoms; developing the technology needed to build next-gen HPC systems; an automatic bug-repair system that fixes 10x as many errors; cracking an infamous soviet cold war cipher; and solving the impossible problem of how many ways you can arrange 128 tennis balls.

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An international team of researchers has revealed that, for many universal concepts, the world’s languages feature a common structure of semantic relatedness.

Semantically Speaking: Does Meaning Structure Unite Languages?

February 5, 2016 10:39 am | by Santa Fe Institute | News | Comments

We create words to label people, places, actions, thoughts and more, so we can express ourselves meaningfully to others. Do humans' shared cognitive abilities and dependence on languages naturally provide a universal means of organizing certain concepts? By measuring how closely words’ meanings are related within and between languages, researchers revealed the world’s languages feature a common structure of semantic relatedness. 

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Space Station Flyover of the Mediterranean -- Courtesy of ESA/NASA – Click to enlarge

Space Station Flyover of the Mediterranean

February 5, 2016 10:13 am | by NASA | News | Comments

Expedition 46 flight engineer Tim Peake of the European Space Agency shared this stunning nighttime photograph with his social media followers on January 25, 2016, writing, "Beautiful night pass over Italy, Alps and Mediterranean." Peak, who was launched to the International Space Station, on December 15, 2015, is the first British ESA astronaut.

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Evolving our Way to Artificial Intelligence

February 5, 2016 9:57 am | by Arend Hintze, Michigan State University | Articles | Comments

Researchers designed a computer program capable of beating a top Go player — an important threshold in development of AI. It stresses once more that humans aren’t at the center of the universe, and human cognition isn’t the pinnacle of intelligence. As an AI researcher, I realize how impressive it is. Yet, it’s still not a big step toward the type of AI used by the thinking machines we see in movies. For that, we need new approaches.

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The mathematical model was compared to experimental data for a wide-ranging set of tasks, from simple binary choices to multistep sequential decision making. It accurately captures behavioral choice probabilities and predicts choice reversal in an experim

Modeling How the Brain Makes Complex Decisions

February 5, 2016 9:37 am | by University of Cambridge | News | Comments

Researchers have constructed the first comprehensive model of how neurons in the brain behave when faced with a complex decision-making process, and how they adapt and learn from mistakes. The mathematical model is the first biologically realistic account of the process, and is able to predict not only behavior, but also neural activity.

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Individual brain cells within a neural network are highlighted in this image obtained by CMU's Sandra Kuhlman using a fluorescent imaging technique.

Project Aims to Reverse-engineer Brain Algorithms, Make Computers Learn Like Humans

February 4, 2016 4:15 pm | by Byron Spice, Carnegie Mellon University | News | Comments

Carnegie Mellon University is embarking on a five-year, $12 million research effort to reverse-engineer the brain, seeking to unlock the secrets of neural circuitry and the brain’s learning methods. Researchers will use these insights to make computers think more like humans. The research project is funded by the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity through its Machine Intelligence from Cortical Networks research program.

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Jay Breidt, Sangmi Pallickara and Shrideep Pallickara are creating powerful new software that can predict, simulate and analyze a major disease outbreak — all in the form of an intuitive, multiplayer game. Courtesy of Lisa Knebl/Department of Computer Sci

Planning for a Disease Outbreak? There’s a Game for That

February 4, 2016 3:27 pm | by Colorado State University | News | Comments

Computer scientists and statisticians at Colorado State University are turning disease outbreak planning exercises into a game. They’re creating powerful new software that can predict, simulate and analyze a major disease outbreak — all in the form of an intuitive, multiplayer game. Computer scientists are used to dealing with hundreds or thousands of variables and running what-if scenarios...

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Giardia Protozoan Cyst -- Courtesy of CDC/ Dr. Stan Erlandsen – Click to enlarge

Giardia Protozoan Cyst

February 4, 2016 2:04 pm | by CDC | News | Comments

This digitally-colorized scanning electron micrograph depicts some of the ultrastructural morphologic details of an oblong-shaped Giardia protozoan cyst, revealing the filamentous nature of the cyst wall. Each cyst-wall filament is approximately 7-20 nm thick. Note that this cyst was undergoing "excystation," and was captured at a point in the process where a flagellated trophozoite was beginning to emerge from the right side of the cyst.

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A new device lets visually impaired users carry a mechanical Braille interface developed at MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, which conveys information about the distance to the nearest obstacle in the direction the user is mo

Low-power Chip Processes 3-D Camera Data, could help Visually Impaired

February 4, 2016 1:55 pm | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

MIT researchers have developed a low-power chip for processing 3-D camera data that could help visually impaired people navigate their environments. The chip consumes only one-thousandth as much power as a conventional computer processor executing the same algorithms. Using their chip, the researchers also built a prototype of a complete navigation system for the visually impaired.

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This greatly enlarged artist's rendering shows a gallium arsenide chip. The pink vector (below) depicts "classical" or laser light entering the chip. The blue structure in the center is indium arsenide. This material acts like a special filter that allows

Looking to Early-20th-century Radio Tech to Create Transmissions Impervious to Eavesdropping

February 4, 2016 12:27 pm | by Andrew Myers | News | Comments

Imagine communicating with your bank, the IRS or your doctor by way of an Internet that was perfectly secure. Your most private data would be protected with absolute certainty and, better yet, if any bad actor were to try to eavesdrop you would know immediately. Such is the promise of secure quantum communication. Researchers have created a novel quantum light source that might someday serve as the basis for quantum communication.

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Cipher Text Found in Hollow Nickel: At the 1957 trial of Colonel Rudolf Abel for espionage on behalf of the Soviet Union, one of the exhibits in evidence was a bit of microfilm carrying 10 columns, 21 rows, of five-figure groups. This cipher message, foun

Cold War Russian Cipher may Finally be Solved

February 4, 2016 11:59 am | by Taylor & Francis | News | Comments

The Soviet VIC cipher used in the early 1950s, long known for being complex and secure, may not be as impossible to crack as initially assumed. Cracking the infamous Soviet VIC cipher is possible if one understands the enciphering algorithm. If one does not know the algorithm, the cipher indeed lives up to its reputation, and becomes nearly impossible to decipher.

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Illuminating the Dark Universe: a large simulation of the distribution of matter in the Universe, the so-called cosmic web, which evolved under the influence of dark energy. The orange and white structures depict matter concentrations, where galaxies and

10 Highlights Celebrating 10 Years of Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

February 3, 2016 4:46 pm | by Argonne Leadership Computing Facility | News | Comments

This week, the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility, turns one decade old. ALCF is home to Mira, the world's fifth-fastest supercomputer, along with teams of experts that help researchers from all over the world perform complex simulations and calculations in almost every branch of science. To celebrate its 10th anniversary, we're highlighting 10 accomplishments...

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The Anton 1 supercomputer that has been in use at PSC since 2010 has been a great success and has so far enabled 277 simulation projects by 127 different PIs across the US and resulted in more than 120 peer-reviewed research papers. Courtesy of Matt Simmo

Anton 2 Supercomputer will Increase Speed and Size of Molecular Simulations

February 3, 2016 2:49 pm | by Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center | News | Comments

A $1.8-million National Institutes of Health grant to the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center will make a next-generation Anton 2 supercomputer developed by DESRES available to the biomedical research community. A specialized system for modeling the function and dynamics of biomolecules, the Anton 2 machine will be the only one of its kind publicly available to U.S. scientists.

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