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Results of large-scale simulations showing the Alnico alloy separates into FeCo-rich and NiAl-rich phases at low temperatures and is a homogenized phase at high temperatures.

Solving the Shaky Future of Super-strong Rare Earth Magnets

December 11, 2014 4:15 pm | by Katie Elyce Jones, Oak Ridge National Laboratory | News | Comments

The US Department of Energy is mining for solutions to the rare earth problem — but with high-performance computing instead of bulldozers. Researchers are using the hybrid CPU-GPU, 27-petaflop Titan supercomputer managed by the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to discover alternative materials that can substitute for rare earths.

The Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing series will provide introductory volumes on the main topics within Simula’s expertise, including communications technology, software engineering and scientific computing.

New Open Access Book Series Introduces Essentials of Computing Science

December 11, 2014 3:58 pm | by Springer | News | Comments

Springer and Simula have launched a new book series, which aims to provide introductions to select research in computing. The series presents both a state-of-the-art disciplinary overview and raises essential critical questions in the field. All Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing are open access, allowing for faster sharing and wider dissemination of knowledge.

Researchers will track the lives of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) in unprecedented detail in OPTIMISE — a project to improve the evaluation of treatments.

Big Data Project Captures Multiple Sclerosis Patient Experience

December 11, 2014 3:43 pm | by Francesca Davenport, Imperial College London | News | Comments

MS affects more than two million people worldwide. Symptoms are different for everyone but commonly include fatigue, tingling, speech problems and difficulties with walking and balance. To gain a better understanding of MS and its treatments, there is a need for a system to collect comprehensive data that provides an in-depth picture of the experiences of MS patients across a large population.

A black hole as depicted in the movie Interstellar -- Courtesy of Paramount Pictures

A Supermassive Black Hole Comes to the Big Screen

December 11, 2014 3:34 pm | by University of Arizona | News | Comments

What does a black hole look like up close? As the sci-fi movie Interstellar wows audiences with its computer-generated views of one of most enigmatic and fascinating phenomena in the universe, University of Arizona (UA) astrophysicists Chi-kwan Chan, Dimitrios Psaltis and Feryal Ozel are likely nodding appreciatively and saying something like, "Meh, that looks nice, but check out what we've got."

Bamboo Stem Cross Section -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World

Bamboo Stem Cross Section

December 11, 2014 2:17 pm | News | Comments

This 200X photo of a bamboo stem cross section received an Image of Distinction designation in the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope, and was taken using autofluorescence.

Galactic gas from the Feedback in Realistic Environments (FIRE) simulation. Represented here is a Milky Way mass halo, with colors denoting different densities.

Interstellar Mystery Solved by Supercomputer Simulations

December 10, 2014 4:25 pm | by Jorge Salazar, Texas Advanced Computing Center | News | Comments

An interstellar mystery of why stars form has been solved thanks to the most realistic supercomputer simulations of galaxies yet made. Theoretical astrophysicist Philip Hopkins led research that found that stellar activity — like supernova explosions or even just starlight — plays a big part in the formation of other stars and the growth of galaxies.

Professor Stephen Hawking using his Intel-powered communication system in his library at home.

Intel Provides Open Access to Hawking’s Advanced Communications Platform

December 10, 2014 4:09 pm | by Intel | News | Comments

Intel demonstrated for the first time with Professor Stephen Hawking a new Intel-created communications platform to replace his decades-old system, dramatically improving his ability to communicate with the world. The customizable platform will be available to research and technology communities by January of next year. It has the potential to become the backbone of a modern, customizable system other researchers and technologists can use.

The HPCAC-ISC Student Cluster Competition is an opportunity to showcase the world’s brightest computer science students’ expertise in a friendly, yet spirited competition.

University Teams for HPCAC-ISC 2015 Student Cluster Competition Announced

December 10, 2014 3:45 pm | by ISC | News | Comments

In a real-time challenge, the 11 teams of undergraduate students will build a small cluster of their own design on the ISC 2015 exhibit floor and race to demonstrate the greatest performance across a series of benchmarks and applications. It all concludes with a ceremony on the main conference keynote stage to award and recognize all student participants in front of thousands of HPC luminaries.

World Community Grid enables anyone with a computer, smartphone or tablet to donate their unused computing power to advance cutting-edge scientific research on topics related to health, poverty and sustainability.

Donate Processing Time to Fight Ebola

December 10, 2014 3:15 pm | by Brandon Bailey, AP Technology Writer | News | Comments

Scientists at Scripps Research Institute have teamed with IBM on a project that aims to combine the power of thousands of small computers to help analyze various compounds to see which might be effective in attacking the Ebola virus and also to help with a longer-term effort to understand how Ebola proteins change shape over time.

Watson's Nobel prize for the discovery of the structure of DNA sold at Christie's in a New York auction for $4.7 million, a world auction record for any Nobel.

Tycoon buys Watson's Nobel Prize, Gives it Back

December 10, 2014 2:25 pm | by AP | News | Comments

Russia's richest man says he has bought James D. Watson's Nobel Prize medal at Christie's in order to return it to the scientist. The 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded jointly to Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewey Watson and Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material."

Cassini’s view of Jupiter’s southern hemisphere -- Courtesy of NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute

Cassini’s View of Jupiter’s Southern Hemisphere

December 10, 2014 10:09 am | by European Space Agency (ESA) | News | Comments

This Cassini image shows Jupiter from an unusual perspective. If you were to float just beneath the giant planet and look directly up, you would be greeted with this striking sight: red, bronze and white bands encircling a hazy south pole. The multicolored concentric layers are broken in places by prominent weather systems such as Jupiter’s famous Great Red Spot, visible towards the upper left, chaotic patches of cloud and pale white dots.

While most genome centers focus on research, the CPGM develops new clinical tests as a starting point for next‐generation medical treatments to improve outcomes in patients.

Applying HPC to Improve Business ROI

December 9, 2014 3:31 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

At the SC14 conference, which took place recently in New Orleans, IDC’s HPC Innovation Excellence Award Program continued to showcase benefits of investment in high performance computing (HPC). Initiated in 2011 to recognize innovative achievements using HPC, the program is designed to provide a means to evaluate the economic and scientific value HPC systems contribute.

The ancient Antikythera relic was rescued from a shipwreck. Courtesy of Giovanni Dall Orto

World's Oldest Computer, Ancient Greek Antikythera Mechanism, 100 Years Older than Previously Believed

December 9, 2014 2:10 pm | by University of Puget Sound | News | Comments

An ancient Greek astronomical puzzle has one more piece in place. The new evidence results from research by James Evans, professor of physics at University of Puget Sound, and Christián Carman, history of science professor at University of Quilmes, Argentina. The two researchers published a paper advancing our understanding of the Antikythera Mechanism, an ancient Greek mechanism that modeled the known universe of 2,000 years ago. 

A new machine-learning algorithm clusters data according to both a small number of shared features (circled in blue) and similarity to a representative example (far right). Courtesy of Christine Daniloff

Teaching by Example: Pattern-recognition Systems Convey What they Learn to Humans

December 9, 2014 2:00 pm | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

Computers are good at identifying patterns in huge data sets. Humans, by contrast, are good at inferring patterns from just a few examples. In a paper appearing at the Neural Information Processing Society’s conference next week, MIT researchers present a new system that bridges these two ways of processing information, so that humans and computers can collaborate to make better decisions.

This is an early draft of the title page for what would become On the Origin of Species.  Darwin Manuscripts Project

Digitizing Darwin’s Writings: Over 12,000 Pages Released Online

December 9, 2014 1:53 pm | by American Museum of Natural History | News | Comments

Tracing the evolution of Charles Darwin’s thoughts about evolution is becoming an increasingly accessible project, thanks to a growing cache of publicly available digitized Darwin manuscripts on the American Museum of Natural History’s Web site. By June 2015, the Museum will host more than 30,000 digitized documents written by Darwin between 1835 and 1882.



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