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A cosmologist, Szalay works on the statistical measures of the spatial distribution of galaxies and galaxy formation. He wrote the first papers associating dark matter with relic particles from the Big Bang.

Cosmologist Alexander Szalay to Receive Sidney Fernbach Award

September 29, 2015 3:29 pm | by SC15 | News | Comments

Alexander Szalay, a Bloomberg Distinguished Professor at the Johns Hopkins University, has been selected as the recipient of the 2015 IEEE Computer Society Sidney Fernbach Award. Szalay was recognized “for his outstanding contributions to the development of data-intensive computing systems and on the application of such systems in many scientific areas including astrophysics, turbulence and genomics.”

Comparison of the predicted S(q,ω) for d-Pu (right) with the experimental observations (middle). Left panel shows the qintegrated intensity in absolute units with statistical errors shown.

Quantum Mechanical Superposition: Unpuzzling Decades-old Plutonium Perplexities

September 29, 2015 3:12 pm | by Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility | News | Comments

First produced in 1940, plutonium is one of the most electronically complicated elements on Earth and, because of its complexities, scientists have been struggling to prove the existence of its magnetic properties ever since. Finally, after more than 70 years, that struggle is over thanks to a timely combination of theory, algorithm and code developments, neutrons experiments, and the second-most-powerful supercomputer in the world.

An amyloid fibril made up of 25 mis-folded amyloid proteins

Wrangling Proteins Gone Wild: New Software Helps ID Avenues for Improved Treatments

September 29, 2015 2:57 pm | by McGill University | News | Comments

Proteins sometimes run amuck. All the good stuff they contain can get distorted. Mutations can cause long strands of proteins to curl in on themselves and refuse to break apart. These strands can be extremely toxic and are usually harmful. Developing effective medications to treat these diseases typically involves biochemists in a lengthy and expensive process. A suite of computer programs should speed up the process of drug discovery.

The Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing is produced by the Anita Borg Institute and presented in partnership with the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). Nearly 8,000 people from 65 countries attended this rapidly growing event in 2014,

Celebrating Women in Computing

September 29, 2015 2:30 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

The Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing is the largest gathering of women in computing in the world. This year, 12,000 attendees are expected — a 50 percent increase from last year. The conference, held in Houston, will take place October 14 to 16, 2015, and will feature leading technical speakers, career development sessions, awards, a poster session, a hackathon and the industry’s largest career fair for women in computing.

Deploying the latest version of NVIDIA GRID in its new N-Series virtual machine offering, Azure is the first cloud computing platform to provide NVIDIA GRID 2.0 virtualized graphics for enterprise customers.

NVIDIA GRID 2.0 and Tesla to Accelerate Microsoft Azure

September 29, 2015 10:47 am | by NVIDIA | News | Comments

NVIDIA announced that Microsoft will offer NVIDIA GPU-enabled professional graphics applications and accelerated computing capabilities to customers worldwide through its cloud platform, Microsoft Azure. Deploying the latest version of NVIDIA GRID in its new N-Series virtual machine offering, Azure is the first cloud computing platform to provide NVIDIA GRID 2.0 virtualized graphics for enterprise customers.

D-Wave 2X 1000+ qubit processor

D-Wave to Provide Technology to Google, NASA, USRA Quantum Artificial Intelligence Lab

September 29, 2015 10:18 am | by D-Wave Systems | News | Comments

D-Wave Systems has entered into a new agreement covering installation of a succession of D-Wave systems at NASA's Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, CA. This agreement supports collaboration among Google, NASA and USRA (Universities Space Research Association) dedicated to studying how quantum computing can advance artificial intelligence and machine learning, as well as the solution of difficult optimization problems.

Developing smarter verification systems and other defense strategies to defeat voice imitation attacks.

Automated Voice Imitation fools Humans and Machines

September 29, 2015 10:02 am | by Katherine Shonesy, University of Alabama at Birmingham | News | Comments

Automated and human verification for voice-based user authentication systems are vulnerable to voice impersonation attacks. Using a voice-morphing tool, researchers developed a voice impersonation attack to attempt to penetrate automated and human verification systems. A voice can be recorded by being in physical proximity to the speaker, a spam call, mining audiovisual clips online or even compromising servers in the cloud.

The photo taken by the Navcam of the Rosetta space probe shows Comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko. Researchers have now concluded that the comet was probably formed when two separate objects collided during the early stages of the Solar System. (ESA/Rosetta/

Rosetta Comet likely formed from Two Separate Objects

September 29, 2015 9:05 am | by Frank Jordans, Associated Press | News | Comments

When the Rosetta space probe sent back its first close-up pictures of a comet last year, scientists got a bit of a surprise: Instead of the ball of rock and ice they had expected, the comet turned out to have two distinct lobes connected by a "neck."  Researchers have now concluded that the comet 67P Churyumov-Gerasimenko was probably formed when two separate objects collided during the early stages of the solar system.

Magnesium Chloride and Potassium Alum Mixture -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Image of Distinction -- Click to enlarge

Magnesium Chloride and Potassium Alum Mixture

September 29, 2015 8:59 am | News | Comments

This 25X photograph shows a magnesium chloride and potassium alum mixture. It was designated an Image of Distinction in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using polarized light.

Divers are few and the tasks often hazardous, so the subsea industries are looking for the greater use of unmanned submarine vehicles. Courtesy of Geir Johnsen/NTNU/Aurlab

Robots: Our New Underwater Astronauts

September 28, 2015 4:40 pm | by Sintef | News | Comments

Soon, it may be easier to design, plan and carry out infrastructure operations in deep water. The EU project called "SWARMs" aims to achieve this by integrating autonomous vehicles such as ROVs and AUVs. Oil and gas production is moving into increasingly deeper waters, offshore wind turbines and wave energy plants are being installed, and minerals on the sea floor are waiting to be exploited, increasing the need for robots.

This still frame from movie illustrates an active galactic nucleus, with jets of material flowing from out from a central black hole. Courtesy of NASA / Dana Berry / SkyWorks Digital (See

Supermassive Black Hole is 30X Expected Size

September 28, 2015 4:30 pm | by Royal Astronomical Society | News | Comments

The central supermassive black hole of a recently discovered galaxy is far larger than should be possible, according to current theories of galactic evolution. New work, carried out by astronomers at Keele University and the University of Central Lancashire, shows that the black hole is much more massive than it should be, compared to the mass of the galaxy around it.

Dark, narrow streaks on Martian slopes such as these at Hale Crater are inferred to be formed by seasonal flow of water on contemporary Mars. The streaks are roughly the length of a football field. The imaging and topographical information in this process

Liquid Water Flows on Today's Mars

September 28, 2015 4:07 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

New findings from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) provide the strongest evidence yet that liquid water flows intermittently on present-day Mars. Using an imaging spectrometer on MRO, researchers detected signatures of hydrated minerals on slopes where mysterious streaks are seen. These streaks appear to ebb and flow over time. They darken and appear to flow down steep slopes during warm seasons, and then fade in cooler seasons.

The Nile at Night – Courtesy of NASA – Click to enlarge

The Nile at Night

September 28, 2015 1:52 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

NASA astronaut Scott Kelly, recently past the halfway mark of his one-year mission to the International Space Station, photographed the Nile River during a nighttime flyover on September 22, 2015.

Scientists collected tweets containing URLs during the 2015 Super Bowl and cricket world cup finals, and monitored interactions between a Web site and a user's device to recognize the features of a malicious attack. The team subsequently used system activ

Scientists Stop and Search Malware hidden in Super Bowl Tweets

September 25, 2015 4:03 pm | by Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council | News | Comments

Cyber criminals are taking advantage of real-world events with high volumes of traffic on Twitter in order to post links to Web sites containing malware. To combat the threat, computer scientists have created an intelligent system to identify malicious links disguised in shortened URLs on Twitter. The team identified potential attacks within five seconds with up to 83 percent accuracy and within 30 seconds with up to 98 percent accuracy,

University of Washington graduate student Jose Ceballos wears an electroencephalography (EEG) cap that records brain activity and sends a response to a second participant over the Internet. Courtesy of University of Washington

Two Human Brains Linked for Direct Brain-to-brain Q&A

September 25, 2015 2:13 pm | by Deborah Bach, University of Washington | News | Comments

Imagine a question-and-answer game played by two people who are not in the same place and not talking to each other. Round after round, one player asks a series of questions and accurately guesses the object the other is thinking about. Sci-fi? Mind-reading superpowers? Not quite. Researchers used a direct brain-to-brain connection to enable participants to play by transmitting signals from one brain to the other over the Internet.



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