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Scanning electron microscope image of the one-micrometer thick nanocoatings on a silicon substrate

Phase-change Heat Transfer: Viruses Help Water Blow off Steam 3X Faster

April 7, 2015 12:14 pm | by Drexel University | News | Comments

Legions of viruses that infect the leaves of tobacco plants could be the key to making power plants safer, heating and cooling buildings more efficient and “really kick-ass computers,” or to the liquid cooling of high-powered electronic devices, like radar systems. These tiny protein bundles, which were once a threat to a staple cash crop, are now helping researchers better understand the processes of boiling and condensation. 

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Experimental Wing Tests Electric Propulsion Technologies -- Courtesy of Joby Aviation – click to enlarge

Experimental Wing Tests Electric Propulsion Technologies

April 7, 2015 11:22 am | by NASA | News | Comments

Leading Edge Asynchronous Propeller Technology project researchers at NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center are performing ground testing of a 31-foot-span, carbon composite wing section with 18 electric motors. The LEAPTech project will test the premise that tighter propulsion-airframe integration, made possible with electric power, will deliver improved efficiency and safety, as well as environmental and economic benefits.

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To demonstrate how neuroelectro.org could be used, the researchers compared electrophysiological data from more than 30 neuron types that had been most heavily studied in the literature. The site was able to find many expected similarities between the dif

Researchers Create Wikipedia for Neurons

April 7, 2015 11:11 am | by Jocelyn Duffy, Carnegie Mellon University | News | Comments

The decades worth of data collected about the billions of neurons in the brain is astounding. To help scientists make sense of this “brain big data,” researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have used data mining to create a publicly available Web site that acts like Wikipedia, indexing physiological information about neurons. The site will help to accelerate the advance of neuroscience research by providing a centralized resource.

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UNSW Professor Melissa Knothe Tate is leading the project, which is using semiconductor technology to explore osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Courtesy of Grant Turner/Mediakoo.

Previously Top-secret Technology enables Whole-body “Google Maps”

April 7, 2015 11:00 am | by UNSW Australia | News | Comments

A world-first collaboration uses previously top-secret technology to zoom through the human body down to the level of a single cell and could be a game-changer for medicine. UNSW Australia's Professor Tate is first to use the system in humans. She has forged a pioneering partnership with the US-based Cleveland Clinic, Brown and Stanford Universities, as well as Zeiss and Google to help crunch terabytes of data gathered from human study.

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Researchers have accomplished a new step forward in electronics that could bring brain-like computing closer to reality. Courtesy of Rolff Images

Memristors Mimic Brain Function

April 7, 2015 10:44 am | by Amanda Morris, Northwestern University | News | Comments

Researchers are always searching for improved technologies, but the most efficient computer possible already exists. It can learn and adapt without needing to be programmed or updated. It has nearly limitless memory, is difficult to crash, and works at extremely fast speeds. It’s not a Mac or a PC; it’s the human brain. And scientists around the world want to mimic its abilities.

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There are (so far) 1,800 known planets beyond our solar system, but among all of them, there's no place like Earth. This Earth Day, April 22, NASA is asking you to share pictures and video of your favorite places on Earth using social media – and tag them

#NoPlaceLikeHome: Amazing Places and Landscapes on Our Home Planet

April 7, 2015 10:03 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

NASA’s question is a simple one: What is your favorite place on Earth? The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Earth Day project is seeking “to get the public involved in highlighting the great diversity of the places, landscapes and ecosystems of our home planet” by issuing an open invitation to share photos and videos on social media using the hashtag #NoPlaceLikeHome.

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A high resolution image of the data transition region on a CD-ROM taken with an Olympus OLS 4000 LEXT 3-D digital laser confocal microscope. The sharp points are data on a compact disk. Courtesy of Greg Gogolin, Ph.D., Information Security & Intelligence,

Restoring Lost Data: 3-D Digital Laser Microscopy Creates Visual Roadmap

April 6, 2015 4:12 pm | by Marlene Cimons, National Science Foundation | News | Comments

It can be disheartening to learn that something precious, such as a one-of-a-kind family photo, has disappeared from a scratched or broken CD or DVD. It also can become serious, dangerous and potentially costly if it happens to a disc containing criminal forensic evidence, corporate records or scientific data. But there may be a way in the future to bring the material back.

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The core circuits of quantum teleportation, which generate and detect quantum entanglement, have been successfully integrated into a photonic chip by an international team of scientists from the universities of Bristol, Tokyo, Southampton and NTT Device T

Quantum Teleportation on Chip Significant Step toward Ultra-High Speed Quantum Computers

April 6, 2015 4:07 pm | by University of Bristol | News | Comments

The core circuits of quantum teleportation, which generate and detect quantum entanglement, have been successfully integrated into a photonic chip by an international team of scientists from the universities of Bristol, Tokyo, Southampton and NTT Device Technology Laboratories. These results pave the way to developing ultra-high-speed quantum computers and strengthening the security of communication.

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Cutting-edge brain research is helping some people with paraplegia walk and helping some blind people see. Courtesy of the National Science Foundation

Exploring the Unknown Frontier of the Brain

April 6, 2015 3:56 pm | by James L. Olds, National Science Foundation | Blogs | Comments

To a large degree, your brain is what makes you... you. It controls your thinking, problem solving and voluntary behaviors. At the same time, your brain helps regulate critical aspects of your physiology, such as your heart rate and breathing. And yet your brain — a nonstop multitasking marvel — runs on only about 20 watts of energy, the same wattage as an energy-saving light bulb.

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During the LHC's second run, particles will collide at a staggering 13 teraelectronvolts (TeV), which is 60 percent higher than any accelerator has achieved before.

U.S. Scientists Celebrate Restart of Large Hadron Collider

April 6, 2015 3:46 pm | by Oak Ridge National Laboratory | News | Comments

The world's most powerful particle accelerator began its second act on April 5. After two years of upgrades and repairs, proton beams once again circulated around the Large Hadron Collider, located at the CERN laboratory near Geneva. With the collider back in action, the more than 1,700 U.S. scientists are prepared to join thousands of their international colleagues to study the highest-energy particle collisions ever achieved.

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Typhoon Maysak -- Courtesy of ESA/NASA – click to enlarge

Typhoon Maysak Commands Respect, Even from Space

April 6, 2015 3:34 pm | by ESA | News | Comments

ESA astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti took this image of Typhoon Maysak from her vantage point on the International Space Station. Commenting on the image Samantha said: "Commands respect even from space: we just flew over typhoon Maysak."

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Genomics processing is now moving mainstream to clinical applications, as new approaches to diagnosing and treatment involving genomics are gaining interest.

Efficient, Time Sensitive Execution of Next-gen Sequencing Pipelines Critical for Translational Medicine

April 6, 2015 3:26 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

Demand for genomics processing is rapidly spreading from research labs to the clinical arena. Genomics is now a "must have" tool for researchers in areas of oncology and rare diseases. It is also becoming a requirement in the clinical space for precision medicine, translational medicine and similar "bench to bedside" initiatives.

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A first-generation demonstration system of the hyperspectral platform, which combines an optical component and image processing software

Star Trek Tricorder is No Longer Science Fiction

April 2, 2015 10:44 am | by American Friends of Tel Aviv University | News | Comments

For the crew of the Starship Enterprise, Star Trek's "Tricorder" was an essential tool, a multifunctional hand-held device used to sense, compute and record data in a threatening and unpredictable universe. It simplified a number of Starfleet tasks, scientific or combat-related, by beaming sensors at objects to obtain instant results. A new invention may be able to turn smartphones into powerful hyperspectral sensors...

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New research has demonstrated that an amputee can grasp with a bionic hand, powered only by his thoughts.

Bionic Hand is Powered only by Thoughts

April 2, 2015 9:53 am | by Jeannie Kever, University of Houston | News | Comments

Researchers have created an algorithm that allowed a man to grasp a bottle with a prosthetic hand powered only by his thoughts. The technique, demonstrated with a man whose right hand had been amputated, uses non-invasive brain monitoring, capturing brain activity to determine what parts of the brain are involved in grasping an object. A computer program, or brain-machine interface (BMI), harnessed the subject’s intentions...

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Hubble telescope image of stars forming inside a cloud of cold hydrogen gas and dust in the Carina Nebula, 7,500 light-years away. Courtesy of Space Telescope Science Institute

Automation Provides Big Data Solution to Astronomy’s Data Deluge

April 2, 2015 9:40 am | by David Tenenbaum, University of Wisconsin-Madison | News | Comments

It’s almost a rite of passage in physics and astronomy. Scientists spend years scrounging up money to build a fantastic new instrument. Then, when the long-awaited device finally approaches completion, the panic begins: How will they handle the torrent of data? The Square Kilometer Array will have an unprecedented ability to deliver data on the location and properties of stars, galaxies and giant clouds of hydrogen gas.

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