Computer modelling of the human eye, the brain of a rat and a robot could revolutionize advances in neuroscience and new technology. A new study uses new computer algorithms to enable robots to navigate intelligently, unrestricted by high-density buildings or tunnels.
On a July night this summer, a 5,200-pound balloon gondola hangs from a crane and moves toward the open doors of a building at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab in Laurel, Md. The telescopes and instruments carried by the gondola, which are part of NASA’s Balloon Observation Platform for Planetary Science (BOPPS), are calibrated by taking a long look at the stars and other objects in the sky.
Engineers have completed the first comprehensive numerical simulation of skeletal muscle tissue using a method that uses the pixels in an image as data points for the computer simulation — a method known as mesh-free simulation.
The Cray XC40 supercomputer and CS 400 cluster supercomputer feature the new Intel Xeon processor E5-2600 v3 product family, formerly code named “Haswell." The supercomputer is available with the new DataWarp technology, which is an applications I/O accelerator that addresses the growing performance gap between compute resource and disk-based storage.
Hunting from a distance of 27,000 light years, astronomers have discovered an unusual carbon-based molecule – one with a branched structure – contained within a giant gas cloud in interstellar space. Like finding a molecular needle in a cosmic haystack, astronomers have detected radio waves emitted by isopropyl cyanide. The discovery suggests that the complex molecules needed for life may have their origins in interstellar space.
Mathematicians have introduced a new element of uncertainty into an equation used to describe the behavior of fluid flows. While being as certain as possible is generally the stock and trade of mathematics, the researchers hope this new formulation might ultimately lead to mathematical models that better reflect the inherent uncertainties of the natural world.
Researchers are developing a robotic fabric that moves and contracts and is embedded with sensors, an approach that could bring "active clothing" and a new class of "soft" robots.
Researchers have developed a scaling law that predicts a human’s risk of brain injury, based on previous studies of blasts’ effects on animal brains. The method may help the military develop more protective helmets, as well as aid clinicians in diagnosing traumatic brain injury — often referred to as the “invisible wounds” of battle.
The ISC High Performance conference, formerly known as the International Supercomputing Conference, is now open to various submission opportunities. Whether your interest lies in workshops, tutorials, birds-of-a-feather (BoF) sessions, research papers, research posters or in the student volunteer program, ISC is welcoming proposals from all members of the high performance computing (HPC) community.
This 5x photo of pipevine swallowtail butterfly (Battus philenor) eggs on stem of host plant, Aristolochia fimbriata, received an Image of Distinction designation in the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope. The image was taken using focus stacking by David Millard of Austin, Texas.
By combining a pair of solar cells made with a mineral called perovskite and low cost electrodes, scientists have obtained a 12.3 percent conversion efficiency from solar energy to hydrogen, a record using earth-abundant materials as opposed to rare metals.
A researcher proposes to construct a new quantum computer, able to perform multiple operations in a few seconds, which is based on the diamond structure to process information similarly to regular computers but with their own units of information called qubits that allow much faster data processing, equal to one thousand computers working simultaneously.
Recently, at the International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, researchers unveiled an oval-shaped submersible robot, a little smaller than a football, with a flattened panel on one side that it can slide along an underwater surface to perform ultrasound scans.
The Soyuz TMA-14M rocket is launched with Expedition 41 Soyuz Commander Alexander Samokutyaev of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) Flight Engineer Elena Serova of Roscosmos, and Flight Engineer Barry Wilmore of NASA, Friday, September 26, 2014 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
Certain primordial stars — those between 55,000 and 56,000 times the mass of our Sun, or solar masses — may have died unusually. In death, these objects — among the Universe’s first-generation of stars — would have exploded as supernovae and burned completely, leaving no remnant black hole behind.