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Snapshots of representative hydrocarbon configurations inside zeolite frameworks and performance scores predicted for adsorption occurring from a liquid phase containing an equimolar hydrocarbon mixture. Views facing the main channel axis (a–c) and along

Predictive Modeling Helps Identify Materials to Improve Fuel Production

April 30, 2015 3:59 pm | by Jim Collins, Argonne Leadership Computing Facility | News | Comments

A research team has demonstrated a predictive modeling capability that can help accelerate the discovery of new materials to improve biofuel and petroleum production. The findings present a tool that could lead to more efficient processes in the biofuel and petrochemical industries, while reducing the time and cost of associated laboratory research and development efforts. The materials of interest are called zeolites.

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Mite in a Small Forest -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Honorable Mention -- Click to enlarge

Mite in a Small Forest

April 30, 2015 10:56 am | News | Comments

This 10x photo, entitled "Mite in a Small Forest" received an honorable mention in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope. The photograph was taken using image stacking.

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SQream DB GPU-based Columnar SQL Database

SQream DB GPU-based Columnar SQL Database

April 30, 2015 10:49 am | by SQream Technologies | Product Releases | Comments

SQream DB is a high-speed GPU-based columnar SQL database designed to uniquely address the speed, scalability and efficiency hurdles that face big data analytics. It is capable of processing and analyzing high volumes of data, while delivering a high cost/performance ratio. 

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The mesmerizing first-place video demonstrates the development of the zebrafish lateral line, a sensory organ analogous to the inner ear of humans that, in fish, senses movements in the surrounding water.

Time-Lapse Video of Zebrafish "Inner Ear" Development Wins 1st Place in Nikon Small World in Motion Competition

April 30, 2015 10:25 am | by Nikon | News | Comments

Nikon Instruments has announced the winners of the fourth annual Nikon Small World in Motion Photomicrography Competition. First place for the 2014 competition is awarded to Dr. Mariana Muzzopappa and Jim Swoger for their stunning capture of the development of a zebrafish lateral line — a process that could provide insight into curing deafness in humans.

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NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, has captured a new high-energy X-ray view (magenta) of the bustling center of our Milky Way galaxy. The smaller circle shows the center of our galaxy where the NuSTAR image was taken. Courtesy of NA

Telescope Array Captures Possible 'Screams' from Zombie Stars

April 30, 2015 9:57 am | by NASA | News | Comments

Peering into the heart of the Milky Way galaxy, NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) has spotted a mysterious glow of high-energy X-rays that, according to scientists, could be the "howls" of dead stars as they feed on stellar companions.

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Earthquake deformation: By combining Sentinel-1A imagery acquired before and after the quake, changes on the ground that occurred between the two acquisition dates lead to rainbow-colored interference patterns in the combined image, known as an ‘interfero

Satellite Images Supporting Emergency Aid in Nepal

April 30, 2015 9:30 am | by ESA | News | Comments

A 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck Nepal on April 25, 2015, claiming over 5000 lives and affecting millions of people. Satellite images are being used to support emergency aid organizations, while geo-scientists are using satellite measurements to analyze the effects of the earthquake on the land.

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From joy to sadness, facial expressions could soon be decipherable to robots.

Making Robots More Human

April 30, 2015 9:20 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Most people are naturally adept at reading facial expressions — from smiling and frowning to brow-furrowing and eye-rolling — to tell what others are feeling. Now, scientists have developed ultra-sensitive, wearable sensors that can do the same thing. Their technology, reported in the journal ACS Nano, could help robot developers make their machines more human.

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DeskGen Gene Editing Platform

DeskGen Gene Editing Platform

April 29, 2015 9:52 am | Desktop Genetics Ltd. | Product Releases | Comments

The DeskGen Platform for gene editing combines elements of AutoClone and gUIDEbook and allows researchers to design genome editing vectors and cloning strategies optimized to their own laboratories and experimental needs. It provides the power to expertly design optimized genome editing experiments, in any cell line and species, right from the desktop.

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Unmasking the Secrets of Mercury -- Courtesy of NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington – click to enlarge

Unmasking the Secrets of Mercury

April 29, 2015 9:32 am | by NASA | News | Comments

MASCS has been diligently collecting single tracks of spectral surface measurements since MESSENGER entered Mercury orbit on March 17, 2011. The track coverage is now extensive enough that the spectral properties of both broad terrains and small, distinct features such as pyroclastic vents and fresh craters can be studied. To accentuate the geological context of the measurements, MASCS data have been overlain on a monochrome mosiac.

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IBM researcher Jerry Chow in the quantum computing lab at IBM's T.J. Watson Research Center. Courtesy of Jon Simon/Feature Photo Service for IBM

Scientists Achieve Critical Steps to Building First Practical Quantum Computer

April 29, 2015 9:21 am | by IBM | News | Comments

IBM scientists unveiled two critical advances towards the realization of a practical quantum computer. For the first time, they showed the ability to detect and measure both kinds of quantum errors simultaneously, as well as demonstrated a new, square quantum bit circuit design that is the only physical architecture that could successfully scale to larger dimensions.

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The search for life beyond our solar system requires unprecedented cooperation across scientific disciplines. NASA's NExSS collaboration includes those who study Earth as a life-bearing planet (lower right), those researching the diversity of solar system

NASA’s NExSS Coalition to Lead Search for Life on Distant Worlds

April 28, 2015 3:58 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

NASA is bringing together experts spanning a variety of scientific fields for an unprecedented initiative dedicated to the search for life on planets outside our solar system. The Nexus for Exoplanet System Science, or “NExSS,” hopes to better understand the various components of an exoplanet, as well as how the planet stars and neighbor planets interact to support life.

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The functional genetic network shown is just one of the 144 such networks identified for a diverse set of human tissues and cell types. Courtesy of Simons Center for Data Analysis

Computer Science, Statistical Methods Combine to Analyze Stunningly Diverse Genomic Big Data Collections

April 28, 2015 3:36 pm | by Simons Foundation | News | Comments

A multi-year study led by researchers from the Simons Center for Data Analysis and major universities and medical schools has broken substantial new ground, establishing how genes work together within 144 different human tissues and cell types in carrying out those tissues’ functions. The paper also demonstrates how computer science and statistical methods may combine to analyze genomic ‘big-data’ collections.

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Chris Evans, left, as Captain America/Steve Rogers, and Chris Hemsworth as Thor, in a scene of the new film, "Avengers: Age Of Ultron." The movie releases in the U.S. on May 1, 2015. (Jay Maidment/Disney/Marvel via AP)

'Avengers' Stars Wary of Artificial Intelligence

April 28, 2015 2:46 pm | by Ryan Pearson, AP Entertainment Writer | News | Comments

The cast of "Avengers: Age of Ultron" may battle out-of-control artificial intelligence on-screen but, in real life, they're not so sure about cutting-edge technology. AP talked with the cast about what they embrace and fear in today's high-tech landscape: ROBERT DOWNEY, JR.: I feel you have to embrace it. You know, there's always that shadow play that goes on ... But look, it took over a while ago...

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International Space Station Flyover of Australia -- Courtesy of NASA – click to enlarge

International Space Station Flyover of Australia

April 28, 2015 1:57 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

From the International Space Station, NASA astronaut Scott Kelly (stationcdrkelly on Instagram) took this photograph and posted it to social media on April 6, 2015. Kelly wrote, "Australia. You are very beautiful. Thank you for being there to brighten our day. #YearInSpace"

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Water, CO2 and green power - these are the ingredients for Audi e-diesel.

Audi Succeeds in Making Diesel Fuel from Carbon Dioxide and Water

April 28, 2015 10:03 am | by Audi | News | Comments

Audi has taken another big step in the development of new, CO2 neutral fuels: A pilot plant in Dresden has started production of the synthetic fuel Audi e diesel. After a commissioning phase of just four months, the research facility in Dresden started producing its first batches of high‑quality diesel fuel this month. The only raw materials needed are water and carbon dioxide.

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