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Pat McGarry is Vice President of Engineering at Ryft.

Start with Business Needs, then Drive High Performance Computing Architectures

November 9, 2015 10:44 am | by Pat McGarry, Ryft | Blogs | Comments

In the business world, data scientists seeking insights from the big data deluge are looking for ways to maximize the potential of all their contemporary and high-performance computing analytics systems. Many are trying for force-fit what they have to answer their business questions. In reality, what’s happening in many cases is that technology is dictating what businesses can do with — and ask from — their valuable data.

Computer… or black box for data? US Army

How Computers Broke Science — and What We can do to Fix It

November 9, 2015 9:02 am | by Ben Marwick, University of Washington | Articles | Comments

Reproducibility is one of the cornerstones of science. Made popular by Robert Boyle in the 1660s, the idea is that a discovery should be reproducible before being accepted as scientific knowledge. In essence, you should be able to produce the same results if you follow the method I describe when announcing my discovery in a scholarly publication. If not, we’re left wondering what accident or mistake produced the original favorable result.

Albert Einstein in Vienna, 1921. Satellites have become extremely useful scientifically, as tools to test Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity by measuring more accurately than ever before the way that gravity affects the passing of time.

Satellites Set for Ambitious Test of Einstein’s Most Famous Theory

November 9, 2015 8:48 am | by ESA | News | Comments

For the first time since Gravity Probe A, researchers have the opportunity to improve precision and confirm Einstein’s theory to a higher degree. This will test several alternative theories of gravity. The new effort takes advantage of the passive hydrogen maser atomic clock aboard each Galileo, the elongated orbits creating varying time dilation, and continuous monitoring thanks to the global network of ground stations.

Graduate student Udit Bhatia with associate professor Auroop R. Ganguly, took an interdisciplinary approach to build a computerized tool that guides stakeholders in preparing for, and recovering from, natural and man-made disasters, such as the cyclones i

New Tool Helps Recover Critical Lifelines Once Disasters Strike

November 6, 2015 4:13 pm | by Thea Singer, Northeastern University | News | Comments

The 1999 Odisha Cyclone struck the east coast of India, knocking out whole swaths of the Indian Rail­ways Network. In 2012, power blackouts in India idled 300 passenger trains and commuter lines. Closer to home, severe winter storms hit Boston in 2014 to 2015 bringing the mass-transit system to its knees. There is an urgent need for systematic strategies for recovering critical lifelines once disasters strike.

How We Invented a Star Trek-style Sonic Tractor Beam

Stories You Shouldn’t Miss — October 30 – November 5

November 6, 2015 2:12 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

In case you missed them, here’s another chance to catch this week’s greatest hits. Flaring, active regions of our Sun captured by several telescopes; the Internet's dependence on undersea cables; On-the-Go! fascinating facts about USB OTG; how we invented a Star Trek-style sonic tractor beam; and one of largest cosmological simulations ever run were all among the top stories.

Marine mathematicians: From front: Nina Ribbat (Ph.D. candidate), Dr. Paulina Cetina-Heredia and Dr. Amandine Schaeffer – Coastal and Regional Oceanography Lab Location: Botany Bay, Sydney © Tamara Dean

Wild Researchers: Scientists in their Element

November 6, 2015 11:59 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

In a unique collaboration, UNSW, Sydney, and Australian photographer Tamara Dean set out to “show our knowledge seekers in a different light, in their environment. Not in a way the public normally sees them and their work.” They had the ingenious idea to “help take our research out into the world” to showcase scientists working in the elements to address problems like climate change, endangered species and marine pollution.

On the left is the original image. In the middle image, the variability in the shape of the corn’s kernels is reduced, and the misalignment of rows is corrected. In the right image, the method is used to exaggerate the variations, with subtle differences

Algorithms Amplify or Remove Variations in Digital Images

November 6, 2015 10:02 am | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

At the Siggraph Asia conference, MIT researchers presented a pair of papers describing techniques for either magnifying or smoothing out small variations in digital images. The techniques could be used to produce more polished images for graphic-design projects, or, applied in the opposite direction, they could disclose structural defects, camouflaged objects, or movements invisible to the naked eye that could be of scientific interest.

President Akio Toyoda delivers a speech during a press conference on artificial intelligence in Tokyo, Friday, November 6, 2015. Toyota is investing $1 billion in a research company it's setting up in Silicon Valley to develop artificial intelligence and

Toyota invests $1B in Artificial Intelligence in US

November 6, 2015 9:33 am | by Yuri Kageyama, AP Business Writer | News | Comments

Toyota is investing $1 billion in a research company it's setting up in Silicon Valley to develop AI and robotics, underlining the automaker's determination to lead in futuristic cars that drive themselves and apply the technology to other areas of daily life. The company will start operating from January 2016, with 200 employees at a facility near Stanford University. A second facility will be established near MIT in Cambridge.

Unmanned rocket explodes moments after launch. NASA/Joel Kowsky, CC BY-NC-ND

It’s not Rocket Science: We Need a Better Way to Get to Space

November 6, 2015 9:16 am | by Leon Vanstone, University of Texas at Austin | Articles | Comments

Human beings will always be explorers. We’ve pretty well surveyed our planet, our tiny blue dot, for answers and only found more questions. We’ve already taken baby steps out into the solar system. But cheap, affordable space travel would be revolutionary, heralding in technologies we haven’t even imagined. But here’s the thing: we won’t be heading to the stars in a rocket. Rockets are a terrible way of getting to space.

Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen looking into an X-ray screen placed in front of a man’s body and seeing the ribs and the bones of the arm. Wellcome Library, London, CC BY

On the 120th Anniversary of the X-Ray, How it changed our View of the World

November 6, 2015 8:46 am | by Richard Gunderman, Indiana University, Bloomington | Articles | Comments

November 8 marks the 120th anniversary of one of the greatest moments in the history of science: an obscure German physics professor’s discovery of the X-ray. In the six weeks that followed, Wilhelm Roentgen devoted nearly every waking hour to exploring the properties of the new rays before announcing his discovery to the world. Within just months, scientists worldwide were experimenting with the newly discovered rays.

Veil Nebula Supernova Remnant -- Courtesy of NASA/ESA/Hubble Heritage Team – Click to enlarge

Veil Nebula Supernova Remnant in Stunning Detail

November 5, 2015 4:13 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has unveiled a small section of the expanding remains of a massive star that exploded about 8,000 years ago. Called the Veil Nebula, the debris is one of the best-known supernova remnants, deriving its name from its delicate, draped filamentary structures. The entire nebula is 110 light-years across, covering six full moons on the sky as seen from Earth, and resides about 2,100 light-years away.

In order to streamline workflows and keep pace with data-intensive discovery demands, CCS integrated its HPC environment with data capture and analytics capabilities, allowing data to move transparently between research steps, and driving discoveries such

Closer to a Cure for Gastrointestinal Cancer

November 5, 2015 4:00 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

At the University of Miami’s Center for Computational Science, more than 2,000 internal researchers and a dozen expert collaborators across academic and industry sectors worldwide are working together in workflow management, data management, data mining, decision support, visualization and cloud computing. CCS maintains one of the largest centralized academic cyberinfrastructures in the country, which fuels vital and critical discoveries.

A mournful resident hopelessly views her flooded home and vehicle during a Calgary flood.

14 Wild Weather Events Last Year Goosed by Warming

November 5, 2015 12:35 pm | by Seth Borenstein, AP Science Writer | News | Comments

New scientific analysis shows fingerprints of manmade climate change on 14 extreme weather events in 2014, hitting every continent but Antarctica. Dozens of scientists from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and across the world examined 28 strange weather conditions last year to see if global warming partly increased their likelihood or strength. In a 180-page report, they spotted effects of climate change in half...

Azore Islands, Portugal -- Courtesy of Copernicus Sentinel data (2015)/ESA – Click to enlarge

Azore Islands, Portugal

November 5, 2015 10:47 am | by ESA | News | Comments

This Sentinel-1A radar image was processed to depict water in blue and land in earthen colors. It features some of the Azore islands about 1600 kilometers west of Lisbon, including the turtle-shaped Faial, the dagger-like Sao Jorge and Pico Island, with Mount Pico reaching over 2351 meters in height. The image highlights the differences in the relief of the islands, with volcanoes and mountains clearly standing out.

As the keynote speaker at DataCloud 2015, Rob Futrick, CTO of Cycle Computing, will pose the question, “Why would you NOT use public clouds for your big compute workloads?”

Cycle Computing CTO Rob Futrick to Keynote DataCloud 2015

November 5, 2015 9:34 am | by Cycle Computing | News | Comments

Cycle Computing CTO Rob Futrick will be the keynote speaker at DataCloud 2015, the 6th International Workshop on Data Intensive Computing in the Clouds. In his talk, Futrick will pose the question, “Why would you NOT use public clouds for your big compute workloads?” His presentation will outline the shift toward the cloud for compute-intensive and data-intensive workloads that have historically been executed on in-house HPC environments.



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