The convergence of cars and computers is blurring traditional geographical boundaries of both industries. Silicon Valley is dotted with research labs opened by automakers racing to develop high-tech infotainment systems and autonomous cars. Tech companies, sensing an industry that's ripe for disruption, are heading to Detroit. The result is both heated competition and unprecedented cooperation.
Physicists are using supercomputers to develop theories that explain how and why nuclei stick together and decay as they do. Devising such a framework could help scientists shed light on the basic physics of some complex questions such as how the universe formed, how stars burn and why they explode. Improved understanding also would come in handy here on Earth, where increasing energy needs could be met via nuclear fission and fusion.
An exotic kind of magnetic behavior, driven by the mere proximity of two materials, has been analyzed by researchers using a technique called spin-polarized neutron reflectometry. They say the new finding could be used to probe a variety of exotic physical phenomena, and could ultimately be used to produce key components of future quantum computers.
Global supercomputer company Cray announced it has been awarded a $6 million contract to provide the Danish Meteorological Institute (DMI) with a Cray XC supercomputer and a Cray Sonexion 2000 storage system. According to Cray, DMI and a growing list of the world’s leading meteorological centers continue to run their complex, data-intensive climate and weather models on Cray supercomputers.
IBM announced a significant expansion of the mainframe manufacturer’s strategy of embracing open source-based technologies and open-source communities to provide users with secure, highest-performance capabilities for an era where mainframes increasingly anchor corporate analytics and hybrid clouds. The company is betting big on open source in the enterprise.
The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization dedicated to accelerating the growth of Linux and collaborative development, announced the Open Mainframe Project. This initiative brings together industry experts to drive innovation and development of Linux on the mainframe.
Scientists have developed a brain-computer control interface for a lower limb exoskeleton by decoding specific signals from within the user’s brain. Using an EEG cap, the system allows users to move forward, turn left and right, sit and stand simply by staring at one of five flickering LEDs. Each of the LEDs flickers at a different frequency and, when the user focuses their attention on a specific LED, it is reflected within the readout.
Andy Weir is used to living on different worlds. For years, he pictured Martian landscapes in his mind, complete with all of the deadly threats presented by a planet bathed in radiation and the prospect that a human walking about would die in a very, very short time. Weir imagined just what would happen when an astronaut was accidentally left behind on a mission to the Red Planet. What would this astronaut have to do to survive?
SIGGRAPH 2015, the annual interdisciplinary educational experience in the latest computer graphics and interactive techniques, returned to Los Angeles this year. From August 9 to 13, SIGGRAPH celebrated its 42nd conference and exhibition with more than 14,800 attendees, partners and media from around the world. Taking over the Los Angeles Convention Center, SIGGRAPH 2015 hosted attendees from the United States and over 70 other countries.
(NIST will host the 2015 Cybersecurity Innovation Forum on September 9 to 11, 2015, in Washington, D.C. At this annual meeting, government, industry and university representatives come together to focus on current, emerging and future challenges in areas such as trusted computing, security automation and information sharing. Leading cybersecurity researchers and executives from the cybersecurity industry will participate in the event.
Hand-written letters and printed photos seem quaint in today’s digital age. But there’s one thing that traditional media have over hard drives: longevity. To address this modern shortcoming, scientists are turning to DNA to save unprecedented amounts of digital data for posterity. One team has demonstrated DNA they encapsulated can preserve information for at least 2,000 years, and they’re now working on a filing system.
Shining as brightly as the Moon on a clear Spanish night, new LED lighting installed at ESA’s Cebreros tracking station is saving energy and money. Until now, Cebreros tracking station, located in Avila, Spain, near Madrid, was lit using linear fluorescents for ambient lighting, with halogen spots illuminating the entrance and streets. Total power consumption has been reduced by more than 60 percent.
The American Midwest has recently seen significant precipitation and two major floods — in 1998 and 2008 — from extraordinary rain falls across the Great Plains. What is causing this dramatic change in weather patterns? Is it the warming planet? Are the crops themselves influencing dramatic weather changes taking place over the last couple decades? HPC clusters at ISU are being used to help discover answers to these questions.
Researchers have discovered a technique to determine if algorithms used for tasks, such as hiring or administering housing loans, could in fact discriminate unintentionally. The team also has discovered a way to fix such errors if they exist. Their findings were recently revealed at the 21st Association for Computing Machinery’s SIGKDD Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining in Sydney, Australia.
Big data is a major factor driving knowledge discovery and innovation in our information society. However, large amounts of data can only be used efficiently if algorithms for understanding the data are available, and if these algorithms can also be appropriately applied in highly scalable systems with thousands of hard drives. Big data, thus, presents complex challenges for software developers.