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Temperature distribution in an active plasmonic waveguide on an optoelectronic chip with a cooling system. Courtesy of the authors of the study

Physicists develop Cooling for Processors of the Future

January 20, 2016 10:01 am | by Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology | News | Comments

Researchers found a solution to overheating of active plasmonic components. These components will be essential for high-speed data transfer within the optoelectronic microprocessors of the future, which will be able to function tens of thousands of times faster than microprocessors in use today. The researchers have demonstrated how to efficiently cool optoelectronic chips using industry-standard heatsinks despite high heat generation.

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Solar Dynamics Observatory Captures Hypnotic Magnetic Cascade – Courtesy of NASA/SDO – Click to enlarge

Solar Dynamics Observatory Captures Hypnotic Magnetic Cascade

January 19, 2016 4:39 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

A dark solar filament above the sun's surface became unstable and erupted in December 2015, generating a cascade of magnetic arches. A small eruption to the upper right of the filament was likely related to its collapse. The arches of solar material appear to glow as they emit light in extreme ultraviolet wavelengths, highlighting the charged particles spinning along magnetic field lines. A video was taken in extreme UV wavelengths.

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Timothy Miller developed a first-of-its-kind synthesizable graphics processor unit (GPU) architectural model for general-purpose and graphics-specific workloads that can be modified by enthusiasts and researchers to get a sense of how changes may affect m

Open-source GPU could Push Computing Power to the Next Level

January 19, 2016 3:59 pm | by Binghamton University | News | Comments

Researchers have used an open-source graphics processor unit (GPU) for research. Nyami, a synthesizable GPU architectural model for general-purpose and graphics-specific workloads marks the first time a team has taken an open-source GPU design and run a series of experiments on it to see how different hardware and software configurations would affect the circuit's performance.

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Fireproof Aerial RObot System can endure the heat of over 1,000° Celsius from butane gas and ethanol aerosol flames for over one minute. It can also detect and find the fire-ignition point by employing dedicated image-processing technology. Courtesy of KA

Firefighter Drone Transfers Real-time Data from Fire Scene to Ground Station

January 19, 2016 3:33 pm | by Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology | News | Comments

Resesrchers developed an unmanned aerial vehicle, named the Fireproof Aerial RObot System, which detects fires in skyscrapers, searches the inside of the building, and transfers data in real time from fire scenes to the ground station. The fireproof FAROS, whose movements rely on a quadrotor system, can also fly and climb walls.

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Gangnam Style has had 2.5 billion viewers, which results in power consumption of more than 400 GWh. If electricity to serve such a demand is generated by diesel, more than 250,000 tons of CO2 would be produced, equivalent to over 100,000 cars per year. "G

New Techniques, Algorithms facilitate more Energy-efficient Data Centers

January 19, 2016 3:23 pm | by Umeå University | News | Comments

Billions of people use the Internet, which requires huge data centers and results in an enormous energy consumption. In her doctoral dissertation at Umeå University, Mina Sedaghat has developed techniques and algorithms to manage and schedule the resources in these large data centers at a lesser cost, more efficiently, more reliably and with a lower environmental impact.

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Professor Stephen Hawking said that a disaster on Earth — a "near certainty" in the next 1,000 to 10,000 years — will not spell the end of humanity, because by that time humans are likely to have spread out into space and to other stars. Courtesy of Steph

Hawking: Threats to Human Survival Likely from New Science

January 19, 2016 2:42 pm | by AP | News | Comments

Physicist Stephen Hawking has warned that new technologies will likely bring about "new ways things can go wrong" for human survival. When asked how the world will end — "naturally" or whether man would destroy it first — Hawking said that increasingly, most of the threats humanity faces come from progress made in science and technology. They include nuclear war, catastrophic global warming and genetically engineered viruses, he said.

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Studying gate in nucleic acid computing. Image shows activation of “AND” gates in cells as observed by fluorescence microscopy. Courtesy of Chiara Zurla, Georgia Tech

Scientists Demonstrate Basics of Nucleic Acid Computing Inside Cells

January 19, 2016 2:15 pm | by John Toon, Georgia Tech | News | Comments

Using strands of nucleic acid, scientists have demonstrated basic computing operations inside a living mammalian cell. The research could lead to an artificial sensing system that could control a cell’s behavior in response to such stimuli as presence of toxins or development of cancer. The research uses DNA strand displacement, a technology widely used outside of cells for design of molecular circuits, motors and sensors

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E8 exists in eight dimensions and is the largest symmetry without counterparts in every dimension; it is, therefore, called exceptional.

Stepping beyond 3-D: E8 Symmetry Successfully Constructed

January 19, 2016 1:51 pm | by University of York | News | Comments

Since the dawn of time, humans have endeavored to unravel the laws governing the physical world around us. Over centuries, we have tried to discover a Theory of Everything. Possible candidates, such as String Theory and Grand Unified Theory, require higher dimensions or higher-dimensional symmetries, for instance 10 dimensions, despite their radical difference from the world we experience. One such symmetry exists in eight dimensions.

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Visualization of the structure of the created quantum knot. Each colorful band represents a set of nearby directions of the quantum field that is knotted. Note that each band is twisted and linked with the others once. Untying the knot requires the bands

Researchers Tie Knots in Quantum Matter

January 19, 2016 11:18 am | by Amherst College | News | Comments

Physicists have long predicted the possibility of tying knots in quantum fields. But no one has been able to make or observe a three-dimensional quantum knot, until now. In a breakthrough discovery, a scientific team has found a way to create knotted solitary waves in a quantum-mechanical field. The scientific team created the quantum knots, also known as knot solitons, at Amherst College.

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Sandia National Laboratories is leading the Security and Resilience area of the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Grid Modernization Laboratory Consortium (GLMC) to help the nation modernize its power grid. Courtesy of Randy Montoya

Grid Modernization: Working to Keep the Nation’s Increasingly Interconnected Electric Power Grid Secure

January 19, 2016 10:56 am | by Sandia National Laboratories | News | Comments

Sandia National Laboratories is leading the Security and Resilience area of the DOE's Grid Modernization Laboratory Consortium (GMLC) and bringing its strong research capability in grid modernization to help the nation modernize its power grid. The consortium includes scientists and engineers from across 14 DOE national labs and dozens of industry, academic and state and local government partners, aligned into six technical areas.

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“You can never prevent bushfires—they’re part of the natural cycle and are part of how Australia has developed — but we can be better prepared,” researcher Alyce Sala-Tenna says. Courtesy of Bert Knottenbeld

30-year Climate Models Help Predict Future Bushfire Threats

January 19, 2016 10:50 am | by Rob Payne, ScienceNetwork WA | News | Comments

As South West Western Australia residents count the cost of last week’s devastating bushfires, scientists are working on a model to help predict future threats. The work’s aim is to inform preparation and help assess the risks of catastrophes, such as the Yarloop tragedy in which two elderly men died and 143 properties were razed. To develop the models, they are drawing on the Weather Research and Forecast Model, developed in America.

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Launching from Earth in 2011, the Juno spacecraft will arrive at Jupiter in July 2016 to study the giant planet from an elliptical, polar orbit. Juno will repeatedly dive between the planet and its intense belts of charged particle radiation, coming only

NASA's Juno Spacecraft Breaks Solar Power Distance Record

January 19, 2016 10:39 am | by NASA | News | Comments

NASA's Juno mission to Jupiter has broken the record to become humanity's most distant solar-powered emissary. The milestone occurred at 11 a.m. PST on January 13, 2016, when Juno was about 493 million miles from the sun. The previous record-holder was the Rosetta spacecraft, whose orbit peaked out at the 492-million-mile mark in October 2012, during its approach to comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

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Developing Sea Mullet Embryos -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2015 Nikon Small World Winner -- Click to enlarge

Developing Sea Mullet Embryos

January 15, 2016 5:07 pm | News | Comments

This 40X photograph shows developing sea mullet embryos. It was the 12th place winner in the 2015 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using brightfield microscopy.

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The Manga Guide to Physiology is an amazing marriage of description, explanation, everyday interactions and visual analysis.

Book Review: The Manga Guide to Physiology

January 15, 2016 3:57 pm | by John A. Wass, Ph.D. | Articles | Comments

Having reviewed several volumes in this series before, it was a delightful surprise to see one in physiology, the area of my doctoral studies. As a quick background, the series deals with many areas of mathematics and the basic sciences cast in the background of Japanese cartoons. Each volume delves into the subject area with interesting plots, amusing zingers, well-moving action and succinct explanations.

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CTSC will provide readily available cybersecurity services tailored to the NSF science community. These resources will include leadership and coordination across organizations, and education and training to expand the pool of available cybersecurity exper

Center for Trustworthy Scientific Cyberinfrastructure to provide Cybersecurity Services Tailored to NSF Community

January 15, 2016 3:03 pm | by Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center | News | Comments

The security of the more than $7 billion in research funded by the National Science Foundation will be significantly bolstered, thanks to a $5-million grant awarded to Indiana University, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications, the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center and the University of Wisconsin-Madison for a collaborative effort to create the NSF Cybersecurity Center of Excellence. This funding will establish the CTSC.

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