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Simulated and observed annual maximum five-day accumulated precipitation over land points, averaged. Observations are calculated from the period 1979 to 1999. Model results are calculated from the period 1979 to 2005.

Global High-resolution Models Fuel New Golden Age of Climate Science

December 18, 2014 | by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | News | Comments

Not long ago, it would have taken several years to run a high-resolution simulation on a global climate model. But using supercomputing resources at NERSC, climate scientist Michael Wehner was able to complete a run in just three months. What he found was that not only were the simulations much closer to actual observations, but the high-resolution models were far better at reproducing intense storms, such as hurricanes and cyclones.

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COMSOL Server

COMSOL Server

December 18, 2014 4:41 pm | Comsol, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

COMSOL Server was developed specifically for running applications built with the Application Builder, which allows COMSOL Multiphysics software users to build an intuitive interface around their model that can be run by anyone — even those without prior simulation experience. Applications can be distributed throughout an organization using a Windows-native client or Web browser.

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Caterpillar proleg with circle of gripping hooks -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World

Caterpillar Proleg with Circle of Gripping Hooks

December 18, 2014 4:38 pm | News | Comments

This 20x photo of a caterpillar proleg with circle of gripping hooks in red won 4th Placein the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope. It was taken using confocal microscopy and autofluorescence.

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ONET FT-NIR Networking Software

ONET FT-NIR Networking Software

December 18, 2014 12:45 pm | Bruker Optics Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

ONET networking software is for the setup, administration and control of large FT-NIR spectrometer networks. It is a server application accessed via a browser-based Web interface (WebUI), allowing users to set up, administrate and control a network of FT-NIR instruments from a central remote location anywhere in the world.

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Sponge Spicules Found in Sand -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World

Sponge Spicules Found in Sand

December 18, 2014 12:31 pm | News | Comments

This 10x photo shows sponge spicules that once had stabilizing and predator deterring functions in sponges and can frequently be found in the sand from Raja Ampat, Indonesia. It received an Image of Distinction designation in the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope.

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As the first humanoid robot to pay for a seat on a commercial flight, Athena travelled in style, dressed in a white T-shirt and fetching red shoes. © MPI for Intelligent Systems, Tübingen

Robotics in Disaster Response: Athena begins Autonomous Perception Training

December 18, 2014 12:23 pm | by Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems | News | Comments

Travelling from Los Angeles to Frankfurt onboard Lufthansa flight 457, the passenger arrived on December 16 with no signs of jet lag: this was no ordinary holidaymaker, but the first humanoid robot to take up a seat on a commercial flight. Athena made her way from LA to Tübingen in order to acquire many new skills: standing, balancing, walking — and various other meaningful activities, which she can use to assist people in daily life.

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The species used in a Rice University genetic study of mice were collected from 15 locations in Europe and Africa. The green region indicates the range of Mus spretus, the Algerian mouse, while the blue region indicates the range of Mus musculus domesticu

Big Data Analysis Reveals Shared Genetic Code between Species

December 18, 2014 11:32 am | by Mike Williams, Rice University | News | Comments

Researchers have detected at least three instances of cross-species mating that likely influenced the evolutionary paths of “old world” mice, two in recent times and one in the distant past. They think these instances of introgressive hybridization are only the first of many needles waiting to be found in a very large genetic haystack. The finding suggests that hybridization in mammals may not be an evolutionary dead end.

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This image illustrates possible ways methane might be added to Mars' atmosphere (sources) and removed from the atmosphere (sinks). NASA's Curiosity Mars rover has detected fluctuations in methane concentration in the atmosphere, implying both types of act

Rover Finds Active, Ancient Organic Chemistry on Mars

December 18, 2014 10:48 am | by NASA | News | Comments

NASA's Mars Curiosity rover has measured a tenfold spike in methane, an organic chemical, in the atmosphere around it and detected other organic molecules in a rock-powder sample collected by the robotic laboratory’s drill. Researchers used Curiosity’s onboard Sample Analysis at Mars laboratory a dozen times in a 20-month period to sniff methane in the atmosphere. During two of those months, four measurements averaged seven ppb.

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Artist’s impression of a proton depicting three interacting valence quarks inside. Courtesy of Jefferson Lab

HPC Community Experts Weigh in on Code Modernization

December 17, 2014 4:33 pm | by Doug Black | Articles | Comments

Sense of urgency and economic impact emphasized: The “hardware first” ethic is changing. Hardware retains the glamour, but there is now the stark realization that the newest parallel supercomputers will not realize their full potential without reengineering the software code to efficiently divide computational problems among the thousands of processors that comprise next-generation many-core computing platforms.

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Open Ethernet Switch Abstraction Interface

Open Ethernet Switch Abstraction Interface

December 17, 2014 3:51 pm | Mellanox Technologies, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

The Switch Abstraction Interface (SAI) to Open Ethernet switch systems is designed for open management and control of Ethernet Switches. SAI is the common software application programming interface (API), which is in specification by the Open Compute Project (OCP), and is targeted at forming a common, hardware-agnostic, unified API for Ethernet switches.

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Watson will make it possible for VHA physicians to interact with medical data in natural language, process millions of pages of patient information and medical literature to uncover patterns and insights, and learn from each interaction.

VA Clinical Reasoning System Based on Watson Cognitive Capabilities

December 17, 2014 3:45 pm | News | Comments

IBM announced that the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs is using Watson technology in a pilot to assist physicians in helping accelerate the process of evidence-based medical decision making. The VA joins leading healthcare organizations that are working with IBM Watson to help improve efficiency and quality of care being delivered. The VHA will also work with Watson for a clinical focus supporting veterans with PTSD.

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Geranium Seed -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World

Close-up: Geranium Seed

December 17, 2014 3:23 pm | News | Comments

This 10x photo of a Geranium (Geranium bohemica) seed received an Image of Distinction designation in the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope. It was taken using a darkfield technique.

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In theoretical math, the term "moonshine" refers to an idea so seemingly impossible that it seems like lunacy.

Mathematicians prove Umbral Moonshine Conjecture

December 17, 2014 3:08 pm | by Carol Clark, Emory University | News | Comments

Monstrous moonshine, a quirky pattern of the monster group in theoretical math, has a shadow — umbral moonshine. Mathematicians have proved this insight, known as the Umbral Moonshine Conjecture, offering a formula with potential applications for everything from number theory to geometry to quantum physics.

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In this illustration, two protons collide at high energy, producing a Higgs boson that instantly decays, producing two tau particles. The rest of the energy from the collision sprays outward in two jets (pink cones). Measuring the angle between these jets

Is Higgs Boson a Piece of the Matter-Antimatter Puzzle?

December 17, 2014 3:00 pm | by SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory | News | Comments

Several experiments, including the BaBar experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, have helped explain some — but not all — of the imbalance between matter and antimatter in the universe. Now, a SLAC theorist and his colleagues have laid out a possible method for determining if the Higgs boson is involved.

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This artist's concept shows NASA's Voyager spacecraft against a backdrop of stars. The Voyager spacecraft were built and continue to be operated by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Interstellar Space: NASA Voyager in Midst of Tsunami Wave

December 17, 2014 2:43 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

A "tsunami wave" that NASA's Voyager 1 spacecraft began experiencing earlier this year is still propagating outward. It is the longest-lasting shock wave that researchers have seen in interstellar space. A tsunami wave occurs when the sun emits a coronal mass ejection, throwing out a magnetic cloud of plasma from its surface. This generates a wave of pressure. When the wave runs into the interstellar plasma, a shock wave results.

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For customers sending a package by MoonMail, there's no need for a return address. The items will remain on the moon in a pod that will be attached to the moon rover. Courtesy of Gregory H. Revera

Bang, Zoom ... Going Straight to the Moon!

December 16, 2014 12:47 pm | by AP | News | Comments

An outer-space delivery firm that is working with Carnegie Mellon University to put a privately-owned lunar rover on the moon is offering to "mail" personal keepsakes to the moon as a way to help fund the partnership's rocket launch. Astrobotic has launched a Web site where people can sign up to send their keepsakes in tiny MoonMail packages to the moon.

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