Oil and Gas Geological Interpretation uses Supercomputers, HPC Tools to Visualize LiDAR Database ImageryOctober 9, 2015 3:42 pm | by Linda Barney | Comments
This article looks at the impact of high performance computing on the geological interpretation stage of oil and gas exploration workflow. We look at how the Intel Parallel Computing Center at the SCI Institute, University of Utah performs geological interpretation by processing LiDAR databases using supercomputers and HPC tools for visualizing large scanned surface data, which can subsequently be used in models of oil and gas reservoirs.
Our cells are up against a daily onslaught of damage to DNA that encodes our genes. It takes constant effort to keep up with DNA disrepair — and if our cells didn’t bother to try to fix it, we might not survive. DNA damage repair pathways are an essential safeguard for the human genome. The 2015 Nobel Laureates in chemistry received the prize for their pioneering work figuring out the molecular machinery cells use to repair that damage.
This article is the second of a two-part series on seismic imaging; it looks at HPC seismic imaging advances and full wave inversion (FWI) analysis performed by Imperial College, Intel Parallel Computing Center (Intel PCC) and SENAI CIMATEC, Brazil. Entering the exascale era of computing, disruptive changes to computer architectures offer many opportunities, however, also demand disruptive changes in software to achieve full potential.
Neutrinos take patience. They’re worth it, and the announcement of the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics recognizes that, following related prizes in 1988 and 2002. Ironically, these near-undetectable particles can reveal things that cannot be seen any other way. Why should you care, beyond sharing our curiosity about revealing some of the weirdest things in the universe?
At the height of the Cultural Revolution, Project 523 – a covert operation launched by the Chinese government and headed by young Chinese medical researcher Tu Youyou – discovered what has been the most powerful and effective antimalarial drug therapy to date. Derived from the sweet wormwood, artemisinin was only one of several hundred substances researchers culled from Chinese drugs and folk remedies and systematically tested.
In today’s oil and gas industry, technology and supercomputers are used to help lower costs and decrease time required to discover deposits of petroleum buried under water and rock. Energy exploration, production and reservoir monitoring is the most significant big data and compute-intensive application in the private sector. To help reduce costs and impact on the environment, companies are turning to supercomputers to aid in exploration.
On the red planet, amid arid desert and rolling mountain ranges, six sleekly space-suited astronauts grope their way back to their launch vehicle, fleeing a sudden and vicious wind storm. Pelted and blinded by sand and metal, one of them is struck by debris and flung off into the darkness. The others, unable to stay any longer, leave him for dead, blasting off for Earth. Later, the abandoned astronaut is snapped back to consciousness...
From individual universities around the country to a consortium of research institutions stretching the length of the west coast, networking teams are deploying an infrastructure architecture known as Science DMZ to help researchers make productive use of ever-increasing data flows. It traces its name to an element of network security architecture, where a demilitarized zone is a portion of a network dedicated to external-facing service.
Like any long-distance relationship, our love affair with Mars has had its ups and downs. A century ago, the American astronomer Percival Lowell mistakenly interpreted Martian surface features as canals that intelligent beings had built to distribute water across a dry world. This was just one example in a long history of imagining life on Mars. The latest entry is the sci-fi flick The Martian.
Scientists recently suggested that the Earth’s sixth mass extinction has begun. As terrifying as that sounds, surely humans are too smart and too important to get wiped out? Palaeontologists have long tried to shed light on this question by looking for general rules that might predict the survival of a species. While this is not exactly a straightforward exercise, research so far indicates that the odds are not in our favor.
Why do humans love to look at patterns? I can only guess, but I’ve written a whole book about new mathematical ways to make them. In Creating Symmetry, The Artful Mathematics of Wallpaper Patterns, I include a comprehensive set of recipes for turning photographs into patterns. The official definition of “pattern” is cumbersome; but you can think of a pattern as an image that repeats in some way...
The more we find out about Pluto, the more perplexing it seems. For several weeks after its July 14 fly-by, NASA’s probe New Horizons was too busy doing science to transmit data to Earth. During that time we had to content ourselves with the few “taster” images that were beamed back immediately after it passed Pluto. However the probe has now begun the year-long process of transmitting its vast haul of fly-by data.
According to the UN, the world’s population will be over 9 billion by 2050 and over 11 billion by the next century. That’s a lot of souls for which the world’s farmers must produce nutrient-rich foods. In 2009, the Food and Agriculture Organization held a Forum to discuss food needs around the planet. The Forum projected that feeding over 9 billion people in 2050 would “require raising overall food production by some 70 percent ..."
The scientists behind the BICEP2 telescope, last year made an extraordinary claim that they had detected gravitational waves, which are ripples in space-time. Initially hailed as the most groundbreaking discovery of the century, it later proved a false alarm: the signal was merely galactic dust. So, are we likely to ever find gravitational waves? And would they really provide irrefutable evidence for the Big Bang?
Trees occupy much of Earth’s land surface. Many of us interact with them on a daily basis, whether driving down a rural country road, back-country skiing, or having a picnic in a city park. Whether large or small, trees play a wide range of roles in our global ecosystem, from sequestering atmospheric carbon to pulling nutrients to the surface from deep in the soil. So, just how many are out there? One billion, 10 billion, 100 billion?