In case you missed them, here’s another chance to catch his week’s biggest hits. Evocative new high-def views of the Iconic Pillars of Creation; the world’s first digital map of global seafloor geology; this year's El Nino predicted to be among the strongest since 1950; test results reveal more detail about the God particle; and six amazing sights that look even better from the International Space Station were all among our top stories.
Scientists often use the combined power of multiple telescopes to reveal the secrets of the Universe — and this image is a prime example of when this technique is strikingly effective. The yellow-hued object at the center of the frame is an elliptical galaxy known as Hercules A, seen by the Earth-orbiting NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. In normal light, an observer would only see this object floating in the inky blackness of space...
“I counted everything. I counted the steps to the road, the steps up to church, the number of dishes and silverware I washed … anything that could be counted, I did.” So said Katherine Johnson, recipient of the 2015 National Medal of Freedom. Born in 1918 in the little town of White Sulfur Springs, WV, Johnson was a research mathematician, who by her own admission, was simply fascinated by numbers.
This 63X photograph shows a mouse colon colonized with human microbiota. It won second place in the 2015 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using confocal microscopy.
Scientists are exploring use of car driving simulators as tools for training and testing drivers in order to reduce road traffic accidents and fatalities. Research is looking at whether future interventions could prioritize use of driving simulators to make us safer at the wheel and our roads a safer place to be. To make this possible, it is important to understand if drivers behave comparably in simulated and real-world environments.
Researchers developed a mathematical model to forecast metastatic breast cancer survival using techniques usually reserved for weather prediction and financial forecasting. They looked at 25 years of data regarding 446 patients at Memorial Sloan Kettering and focused on a subgroup who were diagnosed with localized disease but later relapsed with metastatic disease. The model shows cancer metastasis is neither random nor unpredictable.
A new telecommunications technique which harnesses quantum technology could lead to a much more secure form of worldwide internet communications. Researchers from the Universities of Glasgow, Stanford, Tokyo and Würzburg describe how they have implemented a novel tool for a long-distance telecommunication link which is impossible for hackers to breach. The technique could also underpin the creation of a new form of ‘quantum internet.’
Supercomputing simulations at ORNL could change how researchers understand the internal motions of proteins that play functional, structural and regulatory roles in all living organisms. Studying proteins — their structure and function — is essential to advancing understanding of biological systems relevant to different energy and medical sciences, from bioenergy research and subsurface biogeochemistry to drug design.
Imagine computers being able to understand paintings or paint abstract images much like humans. Bo Li demonstrates a breakthrough concept in the field of computer vision using curves and lines to represent image shapes and furthermore to recognize objects. Accurate modeling of image features is very important in a wide range of computer vision applications.
This 120X photograph shows the eye of a honey bee covered in dandelion pollen. It was the first place winner in the 2015 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using reflected light.
MIT researchers have developed a biomedical imaging system that could ultimately replace a $100,000 piece of a lab equipment with components that cost just hundreds of dollars. The system uses a technique called fluorescence lifetime imaging, which has applications in DNA sequencing and cancer diagnosis, among other things. So, the new work could have implications for both biological research and clinical practice.
Here they are — the five most-visited stories from the past week. One of the largest centralized academic cyberinfrastructures; more than a third of the HPC market leveraging HPE; speeding highly advanced engineering simulations to maximize real-life product performance; the most extreme entanglement between pairs of photons ever seen in the lab; and the first data-driven map of earth’s hidden groundwater reserves.
This 8X photograph shows a snowflake. It was designated an Image of Distinction in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using brightfield illumination.
Scientists at University of Texas at Austin, IBM Research, NYU and the California Institute of Technology have been awarded the 2015 Gordon Bell Prize for realistically simulating current conditions of the Earth’s interior. The work could herald a major step toward more accurately predicting earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. The accomplishment was made using advanced analytics running on the“Sequoia IBM BlueGene/Q, located at the LLNL.
Sardina Systems has been announced as a winner of the IDC HPC Innovation Excellence Award at SC15. The award recognizes noteworthy achievements by users of high performance computing technologies. Sardina Systems has achieved clear success in applying HPC to greatly improve business ROI, scientific advancement and engineering successes, and they are at the forefront of helping drive new capabilities in cloud-based HPC computing.
New Horizons scientists made this false color image of Pluto using a technique called principal component analysis to highlight the many subtle color differences between Pluto's distinct regions. The image data were collected by the spacecraft’s Ralph/MVIC color camera on July 14 at 11:11 AM UTC, from a range of 22,000 miles (35,000 kilometers).