First Close-Up Photo of Venus Reveals Cloudy Atmosphere
On February 5, 1974, NASA's Mariner 10 mission took this first close-up photo of Venus. Made using an ultraviolet filter in its imaging system, the photo has been color-enhanced to bring out Venus's cloudy atmosphere as the human eye would see it.
Venus is perpetually blanketed by a thick veil of clouds high in carbon dioxide and its surface temperature approaches 900 degrees Fahrenheit.
Launched on November 3, 1973, atop an Atlas-Centaur rocket, Mariner 10 flew by Venus in 1974.