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The robot has a friction crawler-based drive system (such as the one in war tanks), ideal for all types of terrain. It also has motion sensors, cameras, a laser and an infrared system, allowing it to rebuild the environment and, thereby, find paths or cre

Robot Scans Rubble, Recognizes Humans in Disaster Situations

October 21, 2014 9:35 am | by Investigación y Desarrollo | News | Comments

Through a computational algorithm, researchers have developed a neural network that allows a small robot to detect different patterns, such as images, fingerprints, handwriting, faces, bodies, voice frequencies and DNA sequences. Nancy Guadalupe Arana Daniel focused on the recognition of human silhouettes in disaster situations.

How to Train your Robot: Can We Teach Robots Right from Wrong?

October 14, 2014 12:46 pm | by Taylor & Francis | News | Comments

From performing surgery to driving cars, today’s robots can do it all. With chatbots recently...

IBM Watson Fuels Next Generation of Cognitive Computing

October 13, 2014 11:32 am | by IBM | News | Comments

Next-gen leaders push themselves every day to answer this key question: How can my organization...

IBM Watson Global Headquarters Opens for Business in Silicon Alley

October 8, 2014 10:33 am | by IBM | News | Comments

IBM Watson Group's global headquarters, at 51 Astor Place in New York City's Silicon Alley, is...

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Armed with the GelSight sensor, a robot can grasp a freely hanging USB cable and plug it into a USB port. Courtesy of Melanie Gonick/MIT

Fingertip Sensor Gives Robot Unprecedented Dexterity

September 23, 2014 3:37 pm | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

Researchers have equipped a robot with a novel tactile sensor that lets it grasp a USB cable draped freely over a hook and insert it into a USB port. The sensor is an adaptation of a technology called GelSight, which was developed at MIT. The new sensor isn’t as sensitive as the original GelSight sensor, which could resolve details on the micrometer scale. But it’s smaller, and its processing algorithm is faster.

Richard Lamb, right, discusses artificial neural networks with WSU College of Education colleague Andy Cavagnetto.

Video Games could Dramatically Streamline Education Research

September 19, 2014 4:59 pm | by C. Brandon Chapman, Washington State University | News | Comments

“Seeking educational curriculum researchers. Humans need not apply.” A Washington State University professor has figured out a dramatically easier and more cost-effective way to do research on science curriculum in the classroom — and it could include playing video games. Called “computational modeling,” it involves a computer “learning” student behavior and then “thinking” as students would.

The team has taken a three-phase approach to a software emotion detector. Preliminary tests gave a 94 percent success rate. Courtesy of Steven Depolo

Emotion Detector: Software Accurately Classifies Facial Expressions

September 17, 2014 2:27 pm | by Inderscience Research | News | Comments

Face recognition software measures various parameters in a mug shot, such as the distance between the person’s eyes, the height from lip to top of their nose and various other metrics and then compares it with photos of people in the database that have been tagged with a given name. Now, research looks to take that one step further in recognizing the emotion portrayed by a face.

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The new Watson system is being trained to analyze patient records and clinical trial criteria in order to determine appropriate matches for patients.

Mayo Clinic Partners with IBM Watson for Clinical Trials

September 15, 2014 3:00 pm | by IBM | News | Comments

Mayo Clinic and IBM have announced plans to pilot Watson, the IBM cognitive computer, to match patients more quickly with appropriate clinical trials. A proof-of-concept phase is currently underway, with the intent to introduce it into clinical use in early 2015. Researchers hope the increased speed also will speed new discoveries.

The software (the SAFE Project) uses artificial intelligence to allow a computer to perceive sounds like a human being.

Training Computers to Understand the Language of Musicians

September 10, 2014 4:07 pm | by Birmingham City University | News | Comments

New software launched by researchers at Birmingham City University aims to reduce the long periods of training and expensive equipment required to make music, while also giving musicians more intuitive control over the music that they produce. The developed software, showcased at the British Science Festival, trains computers to understand the language of musicians when applying effects to their music.

University of Alabama at Birmingham associate professor Nitesh Saxena, Ph.D. Courtesy of UAB News

Improved Method Lets Computers Know You Are Human

September 9, 2014 3:21 pm | by University of Alabama at Birmingham | News | Comments

CAPTCHA services that require users to recognize and type in static distorted characters may be a method of the past, according to studies published by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Nitesh Saxena led a team that investigated the security and usability of the next generation of CAPTCHAs that are based on simple computer games.

MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory has released a data-visualization tool that lets users highlight aberrations and possible patterns in the graphical display; the tool then automatically determines which data sources are respon

Visual Control of Big Data: Recomputing Visualizations without Aberrant Results

August 20, 2014 10:44 am | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

In the age of big data, visualization tools are vital. With a single glance at a graphic display, a human being can recognize patterns that a computer might fail to find even after hours of analysis. But what if there are aberrations in the patterns? Or what if there’s just a suggestion of a visual pattern that’s not distinct enough to justify any strong inferences? Or what if the pattern is clear, but not what was to be expected?

The Kilobots, a swarm of one thousand simple but collaborative robots. Courtesy of Mike Rubenstein and Science/AAAS

AI: Self-organizing Thousand-robot Swarm Forms Vast, Complex Shapes

August 18, 2014 12:03 pm | by Caroline Perry, Harvard SEAS | News | Comments

The first thousand-robot flash mob has assembled at Harvard University. Instead of one highly-complex robot, a “kilo” of robots collaborate, providing a simple platform for the enactment of complex behaviors. Called Kilobots, these extremely simple robots are each just a few centimeters across and stand on three pin-like legs.

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Collecting Just the Right Data: When you can’t collect all you need, new algorithm tells you which to target

July 28, 2014 2:06 pm | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

Much artificial-intelligence research addresses the problem of making predictions based on large data sets. An obvious example is the recommendation engines at retail sites like Amazon. But some types of data are harder to collect than online click histories — information about geological formations thousands of feet underground, for instance. And in other applications there may just not be enough time to crunch all the available data.

The automatic placement of the albums by the algorithm was in agreement with the chronological order of the recording of each Beatles albums.

AI Reveals The Beatles’ Dramatic Musical Transformation

July 28, 2014 12:29 pm | by Lawrence Technological University | News | Comments

Music fans and critics know that the music of the Beatles underwent a dramatic transformation in just a few years. But, until now, there hasn’t been a scientific way to measure the progression. Computer scientists at Lawrence Technological University have developed an artificial intelligence algorithm that can analyze and compare musical styles, enabling research into their musical progression.

Alan Turing in slate at Bletchley Park. Courtesy of Jon Callas

Can Machines Think? – Misidentification of Humans as Machines in Turing Test

July 25, 2014 2:09 pm | by Taylor & Francis | News | Comments

Alan Turing led a team of code breakers at Bletchley Park which cracked the German Enigma machine cypher during WWII  but that is far from being his only legacy. In the year of the 100th anniversary of his birth, researchers published a series of ‘Turing tests’ in the Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Artificial Intelligence; these entailed a series of five-minute conversations between human and machine or human and human.

Mathematica 10

July 9, 2014 4:41 pm | Wolfram Research, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

With over 700 new functions — the single biggest jump in new functionality in the software's history — Mathematica 10 is the first version of Mathematica based on the complete Wolfram Language. Integration with the Wolfram Cloud and access to the expanded Wolfram Knowledgebase open up new possibilities for intelligent computation and deployment.

Algorithm lets independent agents collectively produce a machine-learning model without aggregating data.

Robots Collaborate Independently

June 26, 2014 11:05 am | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

Machine learning, in which computers learn new skills by looking for patterns in training data, is the basis of most recent advances in artificial intelligence, from voice-recognition systems to self-parking cars. It’s also the technique that autonomous robots typically use to build models of their environments. That type of model-building gets complicated, however, in cases in which clusters of robots work as teams.

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Some of the many variations the new Learning Everything about Anything, or LEVAN, program has learned for three different concepts.

Fully Automated Computer Program Teaches Itself Everything about Anything

June 13, 2014 3:18 pm | by Michelle Ma | News | Comments

In today’s digitally driven world, access to information appears limitless. But when you have something specific in mind that you don’t know, like the name of that niche kitchen tool you saw at a friend’s house, it can be surprisingly hard to sift through the volume of information online and know how to search for it. Or, the opposite problem can occur — we can look up anything on the Internet, but how can we be sure we're finding every...

Silvia Ferrari and her team at Duke University trained a virtual insect whose nervous system is modeled by a large spiking neural network. The virtual insect was trained with an algorithm that responds to sensory feedback

Neural Networks Imitate Intelligence of Biological Brains

May 15, 2014 2:53 pm | by NSF | News | Comments

For every thought or behavior, the brain erupts in a riot of activity, as thousands of cells communicate via electrical and chemical signals. Each nerve cell influences others within an intricate, interconnected neural network. And connections between brain cells change over time in response to our environment.

Google co-founder Sergey Brin gestures after riding in a driverless car to a bill signing for driverless cars at Google headquarters in Mountain View. Google engineers say they have turned a corner in their pursuit of creating a car that can drive itself

Google X Lab: Driverless Cars Mastering City Streets

April 28, 2014 10:51 am | by Justin Pritchard, Associated Press | News | Comments

Google says its self-driving cars are motoring along: they can navigate freeways comfortably, albeit with a driver ready to take control. But city driving — with its obstacle course of stray walkers, bicyclists and blind corners — has been a far greater challenge for the cars' computers.

The deterministic track of the International Planning Competition is for programs designed to eliminate any element of chance from automated planning in a wide range of fields, such as logistics, robot manipulation, satellite movement and transport.

Worldwide Competition Encourages AI Breakthroughs

April 17, 2014 10:39 am | by The University of Huddersfield | News | Comments

UNIVERSITY of Huddersfield experts are in charge of a worldwide competition that is designed to encourage breakthroughs in the use of artificial intelligence for automated planning and scheduling. High performance computers at the University are being used to test the dozens of complex software...

Costas Bekas

April 16, 2014 3:23 pm | Biographies

Costas Bekas is managing the Foundations of Cognitive Computing group at IBM Research-Zurich. He received his B. Eng., Msc and PhD, all from the Computer Engineering & Informatics Department, University of Patras, Greece, in 1998, 2001 and 2003 respectively. Between 2003-2005, he worked as a postdoctoral associate with prof. Yousef Saad at the Computer Science & Engineering Department, University of Minnesota

Computers See through Faked Pain Better than People Do

March 21, 2014 2:33 pm | by UC San Diego | News | Comments

A joint study by researchers at the University of California, San Diego and the University of Toronto has found that a computer system spots real or faked expressions of pain more accurately than people can. The research team found that humans could not discriminate real from faked expressions of pain better than random chance

Need for Speed: Ramping up the Velocity of Big Data

March 3, 2014 11:11 am | by William Weaver, Ph.D. | Articles | Comments

Big Data tools such as Grok and IBM Watson are enabling large organizations to behave more like agile startups. Of the transformative technology developments that have ushered in the current frenzy of activity along the information superhighway, the 1994 invention of the “Wiki” by Ward Cunningham is among the most disruptive.

Computer Teaches Itself Common Sense

February 27, 2014 2:27 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Videos | Comments

In this segment, we look at the Never Ending Image Learner. A computer program is running 24-hours-a-day at Carnegie Mellon University, searching the Web for images, doing its best to understand them on its own and, as it builds a growing visual database, gathering common sense on a massive scale.

Herding Robots: Enabling Fleets of Multiagent Systems to Collaborate in Unprecedented Ways

February 12, 2014 4:14 pm | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

Writing a program to control a single autonomous robot navigating an uncertain environment with an erratic communication link is hard enough; write one for multiple robots that may or may not have to work in tandem, depending on the task, is even harder.

Alan Turing: His Work and Impact Wins Prestigious PROSE Award

February 7, 2014 11:01 am | by Association of American Publishers and Elsevier | News | Comments

Alan Turing: His Work and Impact, was selected for the top honor, R.R. Hawkins Award, at the 38th annual PROSE Awards. Celebrating the centenary of his birth, the bookwas praised as a fitting tribute to the life of the legendary mathematical and scientific genius, considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence.

IBM Brings Watson to Africa with $100M Project Lucy

February 6, 2014 9:59 am | by IBM | News | Comments

IBM has launched a 10-year initiative to bring Watson and other cognitive systems to Africa in a bid to fuel development and spur business opportunities across the world's fastest growing continent. Dubbed "Project Lucy" after the earliest known human ancestor, IBM will invest US$100 million in the initiative

Robots with Insect Brains: Learning to Navigate Guided by External Stimuli

February 4, 2014 5:32 am | by Freie Universitaet Berlin | News | Comments

Researchers of Freie Universität Berlin, of the Bernstein Fokus Neuronal Basis of Learning, and of the Bernstein Center Berlin and have developed a robot that perceives environmental stimuli and learns to react to them. The scientists used the relatively simple nervous system of the honeybee as a model for its working principles. To this end, they installed a camera on a small robotic vehicle and connected it to a computer.

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