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When you look at this photograph, what colors are the dress?

Stories You Shouldn’t Miss — May 15-21

May 22, 2015 11:56 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

In case you haven’t caught them yet, here's a recap of this week's most popular stories. Looking at the universe as a hologram; diesel fuel from carbon dioxide and water; first observations of a rare subatomic process; a big data history of music charts; secrets of colossal, invisible waves; perceptions of dress colors; and more are among the top hits.

Age of Wearable Computing Delivers BioStamp Electronic Skin

May 20, 2015 3:32 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

MC10  is developing a technology that will allow digital circuits to be embedded in bendable,...

Star Formation and Magnetic Turbulence in the Orion Molecular Cloud

May 19, 2015 3:17 pm | by ESA | News | Comments

With blue hues suggestive of marine paradises and a texture evoking the tranquil flow of sea...

A Look Back 35 Years after Mount St. Helens' Deadly Eruption

May 18, 2015 12:15 pm | by Phuong Le, Associated Press | News | Comments

Thirty-five years ago, Mount St. Helens in southwest Washington state erupted, killing 57 people...

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Three papers discuss why this dress image is seen differently by different observers. Courtesy of Cecilia Bleasdale

What Colors are the Dress? Three Perspectives on Why the Image is seen Differently

May 15, 2015 3:57 pm | by Cell Press | News | Comments

When you look at this photograph, what colors are the dress? Some see blue and black stripes, others see white and gold stripes. This striking variation took the Internet by storm in February; now Current Biology is publishing three short papers on why the image is seen differently by different observers, and what this tells us about the complicated workings of color perception.

Mapping World Air Traffic from Space -- Courtesy of ESA/DLR/SES – click to enlarge

Detecting and Mapping World Air Traffic from Space

May 15, 2015 9:51 am | by ESA | News | Comments

Aircraft positions are picked up by the Proba-V mini-satellite, using an experimental ADS-B receiver. These signals are regularly broadcast from aircraft, giving flight information such as speed, position and altitude. Proba-V has picked up upwards of 25 million positions from more than 15,000 separate aircraft. The team has identified more than 22,000 unique call signs, identifying more than 15,000 aircraft.

This four-second time-lapse photo of a Los Angeles freeway illustrates the complexities of decision-making, as one driver appears to have made a late change of mind while most drivers decided in advance whether to stay on the main road or take an exit ram

Mind Reading: Algorithm Enables Moment-by-moment Analysis of Brain Activity

May 6, 2015 12:01 pm | by Janet Rae-Dupree and Tom Abate, Stanford University | News | Comments

Researchers studying how the brain makes decisions have, for the first time, recorded the moment-by-moment fluctuations in brain signals that occur when a monkey making free choices has a change of mind. The findings result from experiments led by electrical engineering Professor Krishna Shenoy, whose Stanford lab focuses on movement control and neural prostheses — such as artificial arms — controlled by the user's brain.

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See Flower Cells in 3-D — No Electron Microscopy Required

May 1, 2015 9:17 am | by Botanical Society of America | News | Comments

Scientists require high-resolution imaging of plant cells to study everything from fungal infections to reproduction in maize. These images are captured with scanning electron microscopy (SEM), where an electron microscope focuses beams of electrons to increase magnification of objects. SEM is a common technique for all fields of science.

Amin Amini Maghsoud Bigy and Dr. Konstantinos Banitsas have turned Microsoft’s Kinect computer games controller into a system that can counter two of the most common and distressing symptoms of Parkinson’s.

Hacked Kinect Computer Games Controller a Game-changer for Parkinson’s

May 1, 2015 8:58 am | by Brunel University London | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a system for Parkinson’s sufferers to counter two of the most common and distressing symptoms of the degenerative disease.They have turned Microsoft’s Kinect computer games controller into a system that can be installed into a patient’s own home.

Caption: Florida from Lake Okeechobee to Part of Everglades National Park -- Courtesy of ESA, Copernicus data (2014) – click to enlarge

Florida from Lake Okeechobee to Part of Everglades National Park

April 30, 2015 5:06 pm | by ESA | News | Comments

Part of the US state of Florida is pictured in this image from the Sentinel-1A satellite. The peninsula sits between the Gulf of Mexico to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The large body of water at the top of the image is the freshwater Lake Okeechobee. Covering about 1900 sq km, the lake is very shallow with a maximum depth of about 4 m.

The mesmerizing first-place video demonstrates the development of the zebrafish lateral line, a sensory organ analogous to the inner ear of humans that, in fish, senses movements in the surrounding water.

Time-Lapse Video of Zebrafish "Inner Ear" Development Wins 1st Place in Nikon Small World in Motion Competition

April 30, 2015 10:25 am | by Nikon | News | Comments

Nikon Instruments has announced the winners of the fourth annual Nikon Small World in Motion Photomicrography Competition. First place for the 2014 competition is awarded to Dr. Mariana Muzzopappa and Jim Swoger for their stunning capture of the development of a zebrafish lateral line — a process that could provide insight into curing deafness in humans.

NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, has captured a new high-energy X-ray view (magenta) of the bustling center of our Milky Way galaxy. The smaller circle shows the center of our galaxy where the NuSTAR image was taken. Courtesy of NA

Telescope Array Captures Possible 'Screams' from Zombie Stars

April 30, 2015 9:57 am | by NASA | News | Comments

Peering into the heart of the Milky Way galaxy, NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) has spotted a mysterious glow of high-energy X-rays that, according to scientists, could be the "howls" of dead stars as they feed on stellar companions.

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Earthquake deformation: By combining Sentinel-1A imagery acquired before and after the quake, changes on the ground that occurred between the two acquisition dates lead to rainbow-colored interference patterns in the combined image, known as an ‘interfero

Satellite Images Supporting Emergency Aid in Nepal

April 30, 2015 9:30 am | by ESA | News | Comments

A 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck Nepal on April 25, 2015, claiming over 5000 lives and affecting millions of people. Satellite images are being used to support emergency aid organizations, while geo-scientists are using satellite measurements to analyze the effects of the earthquake on the land.

From joy to sadness, facial expressions could soon be decipherable to robots.

Making Robots More Human

April 30, 2015 9:20 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Most people are naturally adept at reading facial expressions — from smiling and frowning to brow-furrowing and eye-rolling — to tell what others are feeling. Now, scientists have developed ultra-sensitive, wearable sensors that can do the same thing. Their technology, reported in the journal ACS Nano, could help robot developers make their machines more human.

Aaron Johnson, former professional singer and Beckman Institute affiliate faculty member in the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group, sings “If I Only Had a Brain” from The Wizard of Oz to demonstrate the real-time imaging capabilities of the magnetic

Super-Fast MRI Technique shows what it looks Like to Sing 'If I Only Had a Brain'

April 27, 2015 9:32 am | by Beckman Institute | News | Comments

In order to sing or speak, around one hundred different muscles in our chest, neck, jaw, tongue and lips must work together to produce sound. Researchers investigate how all these mechanisms effortlessly work together — and how they change over time. With a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, the vocal neuromuscular movements of singing and speaking can now be captured at 100 frames per second.

Yellowstone sits on top of four overlapping calderas. Courtesy of US NPS

Huge Magma Chamber Spied under Yellowstone Supervolcano

April 24, 2015 1:58 pm | by AP | News | Comments

Scientists have spied a vast reservoir of hot, partly molten rock beneath the supervolcano at Yellowstone National Park. It's big enough to fill the Grand Canyon 11 times over. The gigantic magma chamber is four times bigger and much deeper than the previously known chamber above it. The upper chamber was responsible for three ancient volcanic eruptions that coated much of North America in ash.

This LiDAR image from the CAO shows the Tambopata River in the Peruvian Amazon. The ancient meanders and oxbows are in blue extending out from the existing river in black. Higher terraced regions are in pink. Courtesy of Greg Asner, The Carnegie Airborne

Carnegie Launches Next-gen Airborne Laboratory for Earth

April 23, 2015 1:45 pm | by Carnegie Science | News | Comments

Carnegie Science announces the launch of the Carnegie Airborne Observatory-3 (CAO-3), the most scientifically advanced aircraft-based mapping and data analytics system in civil aviation today. This third-generation aircraft has been completely overhauled from previous models, boasting a multitude of cutting-edge improvements to its onboard laboratory.

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Between March and April 2003, researchers used NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to capture detailed images of Saturn's Southern Hemisphere and the southern face of its rings. Saturn is seen here in ultraviolet light. Particles in Saturn's atmosphere reflect

A Celestial Silver Celebration: Commemorating the Hubble Space Telescope’s 25th Anniversary

April 22, 2015 4:40 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

On April 25, 1990, astronauts aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery deployed the Hubble Space Telescope into Earth orbit and launched a new era of astronomical discovery. In its quarter-century in orbit, the world’s first space telescope has transformed our understanding of our solar system and beyond. Now, 25 years later, organizations around the world are joining in a celebration of this remarkable observatory.

A particle shower initiated by a cosmic ray reaches LOFAR through a thundercloud. Courtesy of Radboud University.

Cosmic Rays used to Model Thunderclouds on Earth

April 22, 2015 2:17 pm | by Radboud University | News | Comments

How is lightning initiated in thunderclouds? This is difficult to answer — how do you measure electric fields inside large, dangerously charged clouds? It was discovered, more or less by coincidence, that cosmic rays provide suitable probes to measure electric fields within thunderclouds. The measurements, including the strength of the electric field at a certain height in the cloud, were performed with the LOFAR radio telescope.

Signal Processing Component Library for .NET

Signal Processing Component Library for .NET

April 20, 2015 10:18 am | Data Translation, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

The Signal Processing Component Library for .NET is a comprehensive library of .NET components designed for rapid development of signal processing applications in the sound and vibration marketplace. Each component contains properties and methods that can be used to perform single-channel (spectrum, auto-spectrum, power spectral density) and two-channel (frequency response functions, cross spectrum functions) FFT operations.

The Challenge is designed to promote integration of transversal skills useful for the development of processing algorithms specifically optimized to maximize the processing capabilities of the latest graphics boards.

GPU4EO Challenge 2015: Stimulating Adoption of GPUs in Remote Sensing

April 17, 2015 3:11 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

GPU4EO Challenge 2015 is an international initiative which involves students, researchers and professionals in a challenge aimed at improving the performance of remotely sensed data processing using the capacity of GPUs. Teams are asked to use and process Earth observation satellite data with NVIDIA k40 GPU and DORIS, an open source software package, to obtain the best performance, as determined by the fastest processing time.

The newly developed framework, IMPEx, allows scientists to better understand complex observational data, to fill gaps in observations with computer-simulated data and to compare observations and simulations.

Space Scientists Create Common Data Hub, Universal Language for Mission Data

April 10, 2015 9:40 am | by Austrian Academy of Science | News | Comments

A consortium of European space scientists has succeeded in establishing a common data hub that allows the comparison of data from numerous space missions. A task that until now was hampered by different data processing protocols of individual space missions. Furthermore, observational data can now easily be compared with theoretical numerical models — regardless of the protocols used.

The UCLA Biomechatronics Lab develops a language of touch that can be "felt" by computers and humans alike. Courtesy of the National Science Foundation

Artificial Haptic Intelligence: Giving Robots the Human Touch

April 7, 2015 4:56 pm | by Miles O'Brien, NSF | News | Comments

Researchers are designing artificial limbs to be more sensational, with the emphasis on sensation. They have developed a language of touch that can be "felt" by computers and humans alike. The engineers and students are constructing a language quantified with mechanical touch sensors that interact with objects of various shapes, sizes and textures.

There are (so far) 1,800 known planets beyond our solar system, but among all of them, there's no place like Earth. This Earth Day, April 22, NASA is asking you to share pictures and video of your favorite places on Earth using social media – and tag them

#NoPlaceLikeHome: Amazing Places and Landscapes on Our Home Planet

April 7, 2015 10:03 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

NASA’s question is a simple one: What is your favorite place on Earth? The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Earth Day project is seeking “to get the public involved in highlighting the great diversity of the places, landscapes and ecosystems of our home planet” by issuing an open invitation to share photos and videos on social media using the hashtag #NoPlaceLikeHome.

A first-generation demonstration system of the hyperspectral platform, which combines an optical component and image processing software

Star Trek Tricorder is No Longer Science Fiction

April 2, 2015 10:44 am | by American Friends of Tel Aviv University | News | Comments

For the crew of the Starship Enterprise, Star Trek's "Tricorder" was an essential tool, a multifunctional hand-held device used to sense, compute and record data in a threatening and unpredictable universe. It simplified a number of Starfleet tasks, scientific or combat-related, by beaming sensors at objects to obtain instant results. A new invention may be able to turn smartphones into powerful hyperspectral sensors...

Iceland is a common place to see the aurora borealis. Courtesy of Moyan Brenn

Aurora-viewers Worldwide Compare Sightings, Provide Real-time Alerts

April 1, 2015 11:38 am | by NSF | News | Comments

The phenomenon called aurora borealis in the Northern Hemisphere, and aurora australis in the Southern Hemisphere, is a dance of particles and magnetism between the Sun and Earth. Scientists hope that, by amassing data from thousands of aurora-viewers, they'll learn more about the solar storms that can disrupt or destroy Earth's communications networks and affect the planet's navigation, pipeline, electrical and transportation systems.

Tri-TON, an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) that U.S. and Japanese researchers will use for the real-time verification of their search olfactory algorithms. Courtesy of Tamer Zaki, Johns Hopkins University

U.S., Japan Bring Big Data and Data Analytics to Disaster Response

March 31, 2015 12:29 pm | by NSF | News | Comments

When disaster strikes, it is critical that experts, decision makers and emergency personnel have access to real-time information in order to assess the situation and respond appropriately. It is equally critical that individuals and organizations have the capacity to analyze the wealth of data generated in the midst of the disaster and its immediate aftermath in order to produce accurate, customized warnings.

A view of South America's forest cover from the new hybrid global forest map, viewed via the Geo-Wiki platform. Courtesy of IIASA, Geo-Wiki, Google Earth

Citizen Scientists Map Global Forests with Unprecedented Accuracy

March 31, 2015 11:34 am | by International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) | News | Comments

New global forest maps combine citizen science with multiple data sources, for an unprecedented level of accuracy about the location and extent of forestland worldwide. The maps rely on a combination of recent multisensory remote sensing data, statistics and crowdsourcing. By combining different data sources, and incorporating the input of trained citizen scientists, researchers were able to produce maps more accurate than any existing...

Matt Pugh (left) and Phil Hughes on board a Friends of Cardigan Bay dingy

Computer Vision, Machine Learning give New Perspective on Seabed Videos

March 30, 2015 2:02 pm | by Aberystwyth University | News | Comments

Scientists have been working with marine conservation group to develop better techniques for studying the seabed, which is vital for marine conservation and fisheries management. Cardigan Bay is renowned for its populations of dolphins and porpoises. Until recently the work of mapping and recording the seabed had been done using the traditional “researcher and clipboard” technique, which is costly and time consuming.

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