Diplomats and officials from 90 nations have agreed to share thousands of observations from satellites, airplanes and ground sensing equipment about our planet for a second decade. An intergovernmental organization known as Group on Earth Observations, or GEO, which was established in February 2005, says it won unanimous approval on January 17, 2014, to share open data from space, airborne and ground observations for another 10 years.
In 2006, the Montgomery Police Department used cellphone tower data to help convict a man who...
American and British intelligence operations have been spying on gamers across the world, media...
i3D Enterprise Service integrates storage, processing and data mining in an enterprise-level private cloud. Laboratory data can be automatically and securely uploaded from instruments to a private cloud and processed on the cloud, enabling workflow execution and data mining in a fraction of the time.
Researchers surveyed the heads of a large number of modern animals as well as one of the world’s best dinosaur fossils, the Stegoceras specimen from the University of Alberta. They found that the bony anatomy of some pachycephalosaur domes are better at protecting the brain than in any modern head-butter
Bacteria are common sources of infection, but these microorganisms can themselves be infected by even smaller agents: viruses. A new analysis of the interactions between bacteria and viruses has revealed patterns that could help scientists working to understand which viruses infect which bacteria in the microbial world
Self-conscious about your age? Be careful where you spit. Geneticists now can use saliva to reveal how old you are. The findings offer a myriad of potential applications. A newly patented test based on the research, for example, could offer crime-scene investigators a new forensic tool for pinpointing a suspect's age
A simple roll of duct tape has proven to be an inexpensive solution to the costly and time-consuming problem of communicating with hospital patients who are isolated with dangerous infections. A 504-bed Midwestern health system saved up to 2,700 hours and $110,000 a year by creating a “Red Box” safe zone, a three-foot square of red duct tape extending from the threshold of the door
Most previous studies have indicated that people in cities have a smaller carbon footprint than people who live in the country. By using more complex methods of analysis than in the past, scientists have discovered that people's carbon emissions are practically the same in the city and in the rural areas
A bone fragment at least 13,000 years old, with the carved image of a mammoth or mastodon, has been discovered in Florida, a new study reports. While prehistoric art depicting animals with trunks has been found in Europe, this may be the first in the Western Hemisphere
A yet unidentified component of coffee interacts with the beverage’s caffeine, which could be a surprising reason why daily coffee intake protects against Alzheimer’s disease. A new Alzheimer’s mouse study found that this interaction boosts blood levels of a critical growth factor that seems to fight off the Alzheimer’s disease process
A new international study confirms that whilst snow has an insulating effect which helps plants to grow bigger, heavy and prolonged snow can, in certain circumstances, also encourage the rapid and extensive growth of killer fungal strains. The snowfall can bring about unexpected conditions that encourage fungal growth, leading to the death of plants in the Arctic
For migratory birds and sea turtles, the ability to sense the Earth’s magnetic field is crucial to navigating the long-distance voyages these animals undertake during migration. Humans, however, are widely assumed not to have an innate magnetic sense. But new research shows that a protein expressed in the human retina can sense magnetic fields when implanted into Drosophila
The Vegas Valley Leopard Frog is the only North American frog officially considered to have gone extinct in recent history (c. 1942). But through the efforts of a multi-agency genetic investigation comprised of researchers it has been discovered that the frog is not extinct, but is living 250 miles away from Las Vegas
There is a a higher DNA mutation rate in mammalian males than in mammalian females, a phenomenon called male mutation bias. A new study shows that generation time is the main determinant of this phenomenon
Much like walking or swimming, to make sounds, vertebrate (animals with a backbone) brains must use timing signals to coordinate carefully the right muscles. Researchers have now identified regions of a fish brain that reveal the basic circuitry for how all vertebrates, including humans, generate sound used for social communication
Scientists have confirmed that chytridiomycosis, a rapidly spreading amphibian disease, has reached a site near Panama’s Darien region. This was the last area in the entire mountainous neotropics to be free of the disease
Deadly bacteria may be evolving antibiotic resistance by mimicking human proteins, according to a new study. This process of “molecular mimicry” may help explain why bacterial human pathogens, many of which were at one time easily treatable with antibiotics, have re-emerged in recent years as highly infectious public health threats
A potential life-saving treatment for severe E. coli food poisoning outbreaks — developed more than a decade ago — hasn't gone forward into clinical trials because of lack of commercial interest. Researchers produced a "designer" probiotic bacterium which binds and neutralizes the toxin produced by E. coli
Inside the human body, an amazing amount of communication occurs constantly. And for biologists, the fundamental question remains as to how these processes occur within the complex environment of tissues and organs
LifeScope 2.0 Genomic Analysis Software is a bioinformatics system for analyzing data from genomic sequencing instruments to study human disease such as cancer. The product features secure project management, pushbutton workflows and an intuitive user interface
A DNA-based study sheds new light on the complex evolutionary history of the woolly mammoth, suggesting it mated with a completely different and much larger species. The research found the woolly mammoth, which lived in the cold climate of the Arctic tundra, interbred with the Columbian mammoth, which preferred the more temperate regions of North America and was some 25 percent larger
In addition to its damaging effect on the environment researchers have now linked e-waste to adverse effects on human health, such as inflammation and oxidative stress – precursors to cardiovascular disease, DNA damage and possibly cancer. Researchers took air samples from one of the largest e-waste dismantling areas in China and examined their effects on human lung epithelial cells
Seeing ultraviolet light allows reindeer to take in live-saving information in conditions where normal mammalian vision would make them vulnerable to starvation, predators and territorial conflict. It also raises the question of how reindeer protect their eyes from being damaged by UV
Dual regulation may provide a test of two distinct regulatory approaches. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has been provided by Congress with new and wide-ranging responsibilities in food regulation. Overlapping responsibilities of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) have not been reduced, however, creating a potential for dual regulation and the confusions and contradictions that split responsibility can bring
A new analysis has found that allowing full access to personal medical records increases satisfaction without increasing anxiety in newly diagnosed cancer patients. The study indicates that providing accurate information to patients through medical records can be a beneficial complement to verbal communication with their physicians
How HPC is transforming biological research Mark Borodovsky and David A. Bader As a new era centered on human health dawns around the world, the life sciences — accelerated by the tremendous bloom of genomics — are poised to open new horizons. And, in this relatively new, interdisciplinary branch of biology called genomics, computing plays a critical role
John R. Joyce, Ph.D. The Crimson Project is about the development of an application, called Crimson, designed to address the always critical shortage of samples in clinical research
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