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Yin-yang haplotypes arise when a stretch of DNA evolves to present two divergent forms. A group of engineers at Washington University in St. Louis showed a massive yin-yang haplotype pair encompassing the gene gephyrin on human chromosome 14. This image s

Mining Public Big Data yields Genetic Clues in Complex Human Diseases

March 27, 2015 11:35 am | by Beth Miller, Washington University in St. Louis | News | Comments

Big data: It’s a term we read and hear about often, but is hard to grasp. Computer scientists tackled some big data about an important protein and discovered its connection in human history as well as clues about its role in complex neurological diseases. Through a novel method of analyzing these big data, they discovered a region encompassing the gephyrin gene on chromosome 14 that underwent rapid evolution after splitting in two...

The Rise and Fall of Cognitive Skills: Different Parts of the Brain Work Best at Different Ages

March 9, 2015 3:59 pm | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

Scientists have long known that our ability to think quickly and recall information, also known...

Big Data Portal Launches for Alzheimer’s Drug Discovery

March 6, 2015 2:36 pm | News | Comments

A National Institutes of Health-led public-private partnership to transform and accelerate drug...

Institute for Quantitative and Computational Biosciences will Integrate Big Data to Solve Biomedical Problems

December 22, 2014 4:05 pm | by Eryn Brown, UCLA | News | Comments

UCLA has announced a new institute to help medical and biology researchers make sense of 'big...

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The massive damage caused by Typhoon Haiyan to Tacloban City in the Philippines inspired the development of an open-source mapping tool to expedite relief operations. © Tigeryan

Data Mining: Finding the Quickest Way to Disaster Sites

December 22, 2014 2:41 pm | by A*STAR Institute of High Performance Computing | News | Comments

A new mapping tool makes preparing for natural disasters and responding to their aftermath easier than ever. Researchers from the A*STAR Institute of High Performance Computing in Singapore have developed a computer model that analyzes networks of interconnected roads to predict the speediest routes for rescuers to take using real-time data uploaded by aid workers on the ground.

Watson will make it possible for VHA physicians to interact with medical data in natural language, process millions of pages of patient information and medical literature to uncover patterns and insights, and learn from each interaction.

VA Clinical Reasoning System Based on Watson Cognitive Capabilities

December 17, 2014 3:45 pm | News | Comments

IBM announced that the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs is using Watson technology in a pilot to assist physicians in helping accelerate the process of evidence-based medical decision making. The VA joins leading healthcare organizations that are working with IBM Watson to help improve efficiency and quality of care being delivered. The VHA will also work with Watson for a clinical focus supporting veterans with PTSD.

Mathematica Online

Mathematica Online

September 17, 2014 1:59 pm | Wolfram Research, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

Mathematica Online operates completely in the cloud and is accessible through any modern Web browser, with no installation or configuration required, and is completely interoperable with Mathematicaon the desktop. Users can simply point a Web browser at Mathematica Online, then log in, and immediately start to use the Mathematica notebook interface

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The new Watson system is being trained to analyze patient records and clinical trial criteria in order to determine appropriate matches for patients.

Mayo Clinic Partners with IBM Watson for Clinical Trials

September 15, 2014 3:00 pm | by IBM | News | Comments

Mayo Clinic and IBM have announced plans to pilot Watson, the IBM cognitive computer, to match patients more quickly with appropriate clinical trials. A proof-of-concept phase is currently underway, with the intent to introduce it into clinical use in early 2015. Researchers hope the increased speed also will speed new discoveries.

The Ebola virus viewed through an electron microscope. As of mid-2014, Ebola has caused two dozen outbreaks in Africa since the virus first emerged in 1976. (AP Photo/Antwerp Institute of Tropical Medicine)

Another Ebola Problem: Finding its Natural Source

August 18, 2014 12:25 pm | by Mike Stobbe and Marilynn Marchione, AP Medical Writers | News | Comments

A scary problem lurks beyond the frenzied efforts to keep people from spreading Ebola: No one knows exactly where the virus comes from or how to stop it from seeding new outbreaks. Ebola has caused two dozen outbreaks in Africa since it first emerged in 1976. It is coming from somewhere — probably bats — but experts agree they need to pinpoint its origins in nature.

Screenshot of 17 July 2014 15:57 UTC archive snapshot of deleted VKontakte Strelkov blog post regarding downed aircraft, on Internet Archive Wayback Machine.

The MH17 Crash and Selective Web Archiving

July 28, 2014 1:59 pm | by Butch Lazorchak, US Library of Congress | Blogs | Comments

The following first appeared as a guest post by Nicholas Taylor, Web Archiving Service Manager for Stanford University Libraries. The Internet Archive Wayback Machine has been mentioned in several news articles within the last week  for having archived a since-deleted blog post from a Ukrainian separatist leader touting his shooting down a military transport plane which may have actually been Malaysia Airlines Flight 17.

Projects that allow the general public to collaborate with scientists are becoming useful sources of knowledge on a large scale. Online databases such as iNaturalist.org and DiscoverLife.org — based at UGA — rely on amateur observers to contribute photo

New Data Collection, Analysis and Sharing Tools Help Protect Threatened Species

May 29, 2014 9:41 pm | by Science Newsline | News | Comments

Athens, Ga. – New tools to collect and share information could help stem the loss of the world's threatened species, according to a paper published today in the journal Science. The study—by an international team of scientists that included John L. Gittleman, dean of the University of Georgia Odum...

Innovative tools and services have appeared to meet the data management needs created by federal requirements.

All that Big Data Is Not Going to Manage Itself: Part Two

May 28, 2014 2:18 pm | by Butch Lazorchak, Library of Congress | Blogs | Comments

My last blog post described federal government initiatives that have driven data management requirements over the past 10 years or so. Data management is a hot job area — if you tilt the digital stewardship universe a certain direction, almost everything we do falls under the rubric of “data management.” It will feature prominently in the 2015 National Agenda, to be released in conjunction with the Digital Preservation 2014 meeting.

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All that Big Data Is Not Going to Manage Itself: Part One

May 27, 2014 10:56 am | by Butch Lazorchak, Library of Congress | Blogs | Comments

On February 26, 2003, the National Institutes of Health released the “Final NIH Statement on Sharing Research Data.” As you’ll be reminded when you visit that link, 2003 was eons ago in “Internet time.” Yet the vision NIH had for the expanded sharing of research data couldn’t have been more prescient. As the Open Government Data site notes, government data is a tremendous resource that can have a positive impact on ...

Data Sharing Among Nations Rebooted for another Decade

January 23, 2014 2:39 pm | by AP | News | Comments

Diplomats and officials from 90 nations have agreed to share thousands of observations from satellites, airplanes and ground sensing equipment about our planet for a second decade. An intergovernmental organization known as Group on Earth Observations, or GEO, which was established in February 2005, says it won unanimous approval on January 17, 2014, to share open data from space, airborne and ground observations for another 10 years.

Police: Cellphone Data Now Key Investigative Tool

December 13, 2013 10:30 am | by Kala Kachmar, Montgomery Advertiser | News | Comments

In 2006, the Montgomery Police Department used cellphone tower data to help convict a man who shot and killed a 30-year-old police officer in the head during a traffic stop. Mario Woodward, 40, was charged with capital murder and then in 2008, sentenced to the death penalty by Montgomery County Circuit Judge Truman Hobbs. The officer, Keith Houts, left behind a wife and five children.

NSA Spying on Virtual Worlds, Online Games

December 10, 2013 3:42 pm | by Raphael Satter, Associated Press | News | Comments

American and British intelligence operations have been spying on gamers across the world, media outlets reported, saying that the world's most powerful espionage agencies sent undercover agents into virtual universes to monitor activity in online fantasy games such as "World of Warcraft."

Accelrys Experiment Knowledge Base

June 15, 2013 5:40 pm | Accelrys | Product Releases | Comments

The Accelrys Experiment Knowledge Base, a laboratory informatics system, is designed specifically for research and development. It offers scientists the ability to search and mine experimentation data from almost any source. The system also provides integration and interoperability with existing lab equipment and applications.

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i3D Enterprise Service

March 22, 2013 3:06 pm | Shimadzu Scientific Instruments | Product Releases | Comments

i3D Enterprise Service integrates storage, processing and data mining in an enterprise-level private cloud. Laboratory data can be automatically and securely uploaded from instruments to a private cloud and processed on the cloud, enabling workflow execution and data mining in a fraction of the time.

Thick-skulled Dinosaur King of Head-butt

June 30, 2011 4:56 am | News | Comments

Researchers surveyed the heads of a large number of modern animals as well as one of the world’s best dinosaur fossils, the Stegoceras specimen from the University of Alberta. They found that the bony anatomy of some pachycephalosaur domes are better at protecting the brain than in any modern head-butter

Analysis Reveals Patterns of Bacteria-Virus Infection Networks

June 28, 2011 8:43 am | by Abby Robinson | News | Comments

Bacteria are common sources of infection, but these microorganisms can themselves be infected by even smaller agents: viruses. A new analysis of the interactions between bacteria and viruses has revealed patterns that could help scientists working to understand which viruses infect which bacteria in the microbial world

Accurately Predicting Age Using Just a Saliva Sample

June 28, 2011 8:37 am | News | Comments

Self-conscious about your age? Be careful where you spit. Geneticists now can use saliva to reveal how old you are. The findings offer a myriad of potential applications. A newly patented test based on the research, for example, could offer crime-scene investigators a new forensic tool for pinpointing a suspect's age

Duct Tape Strategy Saves Hospitals Time, Money and Fosters Communication

June 28, 2011 8:31 am | News | Comments

A simple roll of duct tape has proven to be an inexpensive solution to the costly and time-consuming problem of communicating with hospital patients who are isolated with dangerous infections. A 504-bed Midwestern health system saved up to 2,700 hours and $110,000 a year by creating a “Red Box” safe zone, a three-foot square of red duct tape extending from the threshold of the door

City Dwellers Produce as Much CO2 as Country People Do

June 28, 2011 4:53 am | News | Comments

Most previous studies have indicated that people in cities have a smaller carbon footprint than people who live in the country. By using more complex methods of analysis than in the past, scientists have discovered that people's carbon emissions are practically the same in the city and in the rural areas

Coffee: wake up with an Alzheimer’s preventative

June 22, 2011 10:03 am | News | Comments

A yet unidentified component of coffee interacts with the beverage’s caffeine, which could be a surprising reason why daily coffee intake protects against Alzheimer’s disease. A new Alzheimer’s mouse study found that this interaction boosts blood levels of a critical growth factor that seems to fight off the Alzheimer’s disease process

Arctic Snow Harbors Deadly Assassin

June 22, 2011 6:56 am | Articles | Comments

A new international study confirms that whilst snow has an insulating effect which helps plants to grow bigger, heavy and prolonged snow can, in certain circumstances, also encourage the rapid and extensive growth of killer fungal strains. The snowfall can bring about unexpected conditions that encourage fungal growth, leading to the death of plants in the Arctic

Can Humans Sense the Earth’s Magnetism?

June 22, 2011 6:50 am | by Jim Fessenden, UMass Medical School Communications | News | Comments

For migratory birds and sea turtles, the ability to sense the Earth’s magnetic field is crucial to navigating the long-distance voyages these animals undertake during migration. Humans, however, are widely assumed not to have an innate magnetic sense. But new research shows that a protein expressed in the human retina can sense magnetic fields when implanted into Drosophila

Breathing Life into an Extinct Species: ancient DNA cracks the case

June 21, 2011 4:58 am | News | Comments

The Vegas Valley Leopard Frog is the only North American frog officially considered to have gone extinct in recent history (c. 1942). But through the efforts of a multi-agency genetic investigation comprised of researchers it has been discovered that the frog is not extinct, but is living 250 miles away from Las Vegas

Explanation for Mutation Rates in Males Being Higher than in Females

June 16, 2011 9:38 am | News | Comments

There is a a higher DNA mutation rate in mammalian males than in mammalian females, a phenomenon called male mutation bias. A new study shows that generation time is the main determinant of this phenomenon

A 'Road Map' in Fish Brain Explains how Vertebrates Produce Sounds

June 15, 2011 8:20 am | by Krishna Ramanujan | News | Comments

Much like walking or swimming, to make sounds, vertebrate (animals with a backbone) brains must use timing signals to coordinate carefully the right muscles. Researchers have now identified regions of a fish brain that reveal the basic circuitry for how all vertebrates, including humans, generate sound used for social communication

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