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Richard Lamb, right, discusses artificial neural networks with WSU College of Education colleague Andy Cavagnetto.

Video Games could Dramatically Streamline Education Research

September 19, 2014 4:59 pm | by C. Brandon Chapman, Washington State University | News | Comments

“Seeking educational curriculum researchers. Humans need not apply.” A Washington State University professor has figured out a dramatically easier and more cost-effective way to do research on science curriculum in the classroom — and it could include playing video games. Called “computational modeling,” it involves a computer “learning” student behavior and then “thinking” as students would.

Researchers Control Movement of Liquid Metals with Less than One Volt

September 19, 2014 4:56 pm | by North Carolina State University | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a technique for controlling the surface tension of liquid metals by...

NASA Technology Can Detect Heartbeats in Rubble

September 19, 2014 4:46 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

When natural disasters or human-made catastrophes topple buildings, search and rescue teams...

Leica Application Suite X Imaging and Analysis Platform for Life Sciences

September 19, 2014 4:02 pm | Product Releases | Comments

Leica Application Suite X (LAS X) imaging software for life sciences spans all widefield,...

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Whirligig Beetle -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World

Whirligig Beetle Swimming Leg

September 19, 2014 3:19 pm | News | Comments

This 25X photo shows the swimming leg of a whirligig beetle (Gyrinus sp.). It received an Image of Distinction designation in the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope, and was taken by David Linstead.

Online reconstructed event from High Level Trigger, showing tracks from the Inner Tracking System and the Time Projection Chamber of ALICE. Courtesy of CERN

CERN Articles in American Physical Society Collection to be Open Access

September 18, 2014 2:43 pm | by CERN | News | Comments

The American Physical Society and CERN announced a partnership to make all CERN-authored articles published in the APS journal collection to be open access. Articles in APS' Physical Review Letters, Physical Review D, and Physical Review C in 2015 and 2016 will be covered by this agreement. All physics results from CERN will benefit from this partnership, in theoretical physics and experimental physics.

Common Orange Lichen -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World

Close-up: Common Orange Lichen

September 18, 2014 2:26 pm | News | Comments

This 4X photo shows a close-up of common orange lichen (Xanthoria parietina), a partnership between a fungus and a green alga. It received an Image of Distinction designation in the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope.

The MIT BioSuit, a skintight spacesuit that offers improved mobility and reduced mass compared to modern gas-pressurized spacesuits. Courtesy of Jose-Luis Olivares/MIT

Shrink-wrapping: Spacesuits of the Future may Resemble Streamlined Second Skin

September 18, 2014 2:20 pm | by Jennifer Chu, MIT | News | Comments

For future astronauts, the process of suiting up may go something like this: Instead of climbing into a conventional, bulky, gas-pressurized suit, an astronaut may don a lightweight, stretchy garment, lined with tiny, muscle-like coils. She would then plug in to a spacecraft’s power supply, triggering the coils to contract and essentially shrink-wrap the garment around her body.

Is there life on Mars? Researchers say that life as we know it, in the form of bacteria, for example, could be there, although we haven’t found it yet. Courtesy of NASA/JPL/MSSS

Martian Meteorite Yields More Evidence of the Possibility of Life on Mars

September 18, 2014 2:05 pm | by University of Manchester | News | Comments

A tiny fragment of Martian meteorite 1.3 billion years old is helping to make the case for the possibility of life on Mars, say scientists. The finding of a ‘cell-like’ structure, which investigators now know once held water, came about as a result of collaboration between scientists in the UK and Greece. These findings are significant because they add to increasing evidence that Mars does provide all the conditions for life to have formed.

Real Success and Proven Approaches to HPC as a Service

Real Success and Proven Approaches to HPC as a Service

September 17, 2014 3:50 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

On Tuesday, September 23, Scientific Computing will host a live panel discussion that examines how researchers and engineers are looking for ways to make product innovation, research and data insight faster and more competitive — including adopting or expanding their use of high performance computing to more users and projects. This educational webinar will explore real successes, research and proven approaches.

Graphic showing the intensity of the radio beams after twisting Courtesy of Alan Willner / USC Viterbi

Scientists Twist Radio Beams to Send Data, Reach Speeds of 32 Gibit/s

September 17, 2014 2:55 pm | by University of Southern California | News | Comments

Building on previous research that twisted light to send data at unheard-of speeds, scientists at University of Southern California (USC) have developed a similar technique with radiowaves, reaching high speeds without some of the hassles that can go with optical systems.

The team has taken a three-phase approach to a software emotion detector. Preliminary tests gave a 94 percent success rate. Courtesy of Steven Depolo

Emotion Detector: Software Accurately Classifies Facial Expressions

September 17, 2014 2:27 pm | by Inderscience Research | News | Comments

Face recognition software measures various parameters in a mug shot, such as the distance between the person’s eyes, the height from lip to top of their nose and various other metrics and then compares it with photos of people in the database that have been tagged with a given name. Now, research looks to take that one step further in recognizing the emotion portrayed by a face.

Once each company’s test program has been completed successfully and its system achieves NASA certification, each contractor will conduct at least two, and as many as six, crewed missions to the space station. Courtesy of NASA

NASA Chooses American Companies to Transport U.S. Astronauts to International Space Station

September 17, 2014 2:20 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

U.S. astronauts once again will travel to and from the International Space Station from the United States on American spacecraft under groundbreaking contracts NASA announced September 16, 2014. The agency unveiled its selection of Boeing and SpaceX to transport U.S. crews to and from the space station using their CST-100 and Crew Dragon spacecraft, respectively, with a goal of ending the nation’s sole reliance on Russia in 2017.

Florida to Louisiana  -- Courtesy of NASA

Florida to Louisiana Viewed from International Space Station

September 17, 2014 1:43 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

NASA astronaut Reid Wiseman captured this image of Florida to Louisiana just before dawn, taken from the International Space Station, and posted it to social media on Friday, September 12, 2014. Wiseman, Commander Max Suraev and Flight Engineer Alexander Gerst began their first full workweek Monday, September 15, as a three-person crew aboard the space station

Flying through an Aurora  -- Courtesy of NASA/ESA/Alexander Gerst

Flying through an Aurora

September 16, 2014 2:40 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

European Space Agency astronaut Alexander Gerst posted this photograph taken from the International Space Station to social media on August 29, 2014, writing, "words can't describe how it feels flying through an #aurora. I wouldn't even know where to begin…." Crewmembers on the space station photograph the Earth from their unique point of view located 200 miles above the surface.

Rice researchers tune the color output of each array both by varying the length of the nanorods and by adjusting the length of the spaces between nanorods. Courtesy of J. Olson/Rice University

Full-color Camouflage Displays Sense Color, Automatically Blend In

September 16, 2014 2:27 pm | by Jade Boyd, Rice University | News | Comments

The quest to create artificial “squid skin” — camouflaging metamaterials that can “see” colors and automatically blend into the background — is one step closer to reality, thanks to a color-display technology unveiled by Rice University’s Laboratory for Nanophotonics. The new full-color display technology uses aluminum nanoparticles to create the vivid red, blue and green hues found in today’s top-of-the-line LCD televisions and monitors.

In this August 3, 2014, photo taken by Rosetta’s OSIRIS narrow-angle camera Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko is pictured from a distance of 285 kms. Scientists at the European Space Agency on September 15, 2014, announced the spot where they will attempt t

European Space Agency Picks Site for Comet Landing

September 16, 2014 2:22 pm | by Frank Jordans, Associated Press | News | Comments

Talk about a moving target. Scientists at the European Space Agency have announced the spot where they will attempt the first landing on a comet hurtling through space at 55,000 kph (34,000 mph). The maneuver is one of the key moments in the decade-long mission to examine comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko and learn more about the origins and evolution of objects in the universe.

The team recently took the MIT cheetah-bot for a test run, where it bounded across the grass at a steady clip.  Courtesy of Jose-Luis Olivares/MIT

Algorithm Enables Untethered Cheetah Robot to Run and Jump

September 16, 2014 2:14 pm | by Jennifer Chu, MIT | News | Comments

MIT researchers have developed an algorithm for bounding that they’ve successfully implemented in a robotic cheetah — a sleek, four-legged assemblage of gears, batteries and electric motors that weighs about as much as its feline counterpart. The team recently took the robot for a test run, where it bounded across the grass at a steady clip. The researchers estimate the robot may eventually reach speeds of up to 30 mph.

Close-ups of an experiment conducted by John Bush and his student Daniel Harris, in which a bouncing droplet of fluid was propelled across a fluid bath by waves it generated. Courtesy of Dan Harris

Fluid Mechanics: New Math Suggests Alternative to Quantum Orthodoxy

September 15, 2014 3:43 pm | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments

The central mystery of quantum mechanics is that small chunks of matter sometimes seem to behave like particles, sometimes like waves. For most of the past century, the prevailing explanation of this conundrum has been what’s called the “Copenhagen interpretation” — which holds that, in some sense, a single particle really is a wave, smeared out across the universe, which collapses into a determinate location only when observed.

Researchers tested the robot in snow, submerged it in water, walked it through flames, and even ran it over with a car. After each experiment, it emerged unscathed.

From Harvard Engineers, a Machine that Can Walk through Flames

September 15, 2014 3:32 pm | by Peter Reuell, Harvard University | News | Comments

When it comes to soft robots, researchers have finally managed to cut the cord. Developers from Harvard’s School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering have produced the first untethered soft robot — a quadruped that can stand up and walk away from its designers.

Observations from NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope reveal new information about the structure of 2011 MD, a small asteroid being considered by NASA for its proposed Asteroid Redirect Mission, or ARM. Courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech

NASA Inspector Blasts Asteroid Protection Program

September 15, 2014 3:24 pm | by Marcia Dunn, AP Aerospace Writer | News | Comments

NASA's effort to identify potentially dangerous space rocks has taken a hit. On September 15, 2014, the space agency's inspector general released a report blasting NASA's Near Earth Objects program, which is meant to hunt and catalog comets, asteroids and relatively large fragments of these objects that pass within 28 million miles of Earth. The purpose is to protect the planet against their potential dangers.

Tobacco Leaf Epidermal Cells -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World

Tobacco Leaf Epidermal Cells

September 15, 2014 3:10 pm | News | Comments

This 63X photo shows an expression of a fluorescently labeled protein in Tobacco leaf epidermal cells. It received an Image of Distinction designation in the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope.

The new Watson system is being trained to analyze patient records and clinical trial criteria in order to determine appropriate matches for patients.

Mayo Clinic Partners with IBM Watson for Clinical Trials

September 15, 2014 3:00 pm | by IBM | News | Comments

Mayo Clinic and IBM have announced plans to pilot Watson, the IBM cognitive computer, to match patients more quickly with appropriate clinical trials. A proof-of-concept phase is currently underway, with the intent to introduce it into clinical use in early 2015. Researchers hope the increased speed also will speed new discoveries.

On the right, an artificial atom generates sound waves consisting of ripples on the surface of a solid. The sound, known as a surface acoustic wave (SAW) is picked up on the left by a "microphone" composed of interlaced metal fingers. According to theory,

Sound of an Atom Captured

September 12, 2014 3:16 pm | by Johanna Wilde and Martin Gustafsson, Chalmers University of Technology | News | Comments

The interaction between atoms and light is well-known and has been studied extensively in the field of quantum optics. However, to achieve the same kind of interaction with sound waves has been a more challenging undertaking. In collaboration between experimental and theoretical physicists, Chalmers University of Technology researchers have succeeded in making acoustic waves couple to an artificial atom.

The team's solution is to develop new algorithms that divide the data among the processors, allowing each to handle a certain region, and then stitch the image back together at the end.

Multicore Computing helps Fight Lung Cancer, Speeds CT Image Processing

September 12, 2014 3:08 pm | by University of Michigan | News | Comments

A new $1.9 million study at the University of Michigan seeks to make low-dose computed tomography scans a viable screening technique by speeding up the image reconstruction from half an hour or more to just five minutes. The advance could be particularly important for fighting lung cancers, as symptoms often appear too late for effective treatment.

Associate Professor Federico Lauro (left) and his wife Rachelle Jensen holding a sample cartridge

Building a Global Network of Citizen Oceanographers

September 12, 2014 3:00 pm | by Nanyang Technological University (NTU) | News | Comments

NTU is working with other international universities to build a global network of ‘citizen scientists’ on a free-to-access database for oceanographic data. To gain a better understanding of marine microbes that support the nutrient cycle and form the foundation of the food web, NTU scientists have embarked on a pilot project to crowd-source the collection of oceanographic data globally.

Supernova Remains -- Courtesy of  NASA/CXC/IAFE/G.Dubner et al & ESA/XMM-Newton

Unprecedented X-ray View of Supernova Remains

September 12, 2014 11:50 am | by NASA | News | Comments

The destructive results of a powerful supernova explosion reveal themselves in a delicate tapestry of X-ray light, as seen in this image from NASA’s Chandra X-Ray Observatory and the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton. The image shows the remains of a supernova that would have been witnessed on Earth about 3,700 years ago. The remnant is called Puppis A and is around 7,000 light years away and about 10 light years across.

Scaffolded DNA origami utilizes numerous chemically synthesized, short DNA strands (staple strands) to direct the folding of a larger, biologically derived strand of DNA (scaffold strand). Molecular recognition (base pairing, i.e., A binds to T and G bind

Researchers Create World’s Largest DNA Origami

September 11, 2014 4:48 pm | by North Carolina State University | News | Comments

Researchers from North Carolina State University, Duke University and the University of Copenhagen have created the world’s largest DNA origami, which are nanoscale constructions with applications ranging from biomedical research to nanoelectronics. The standard for DNA origami has long been limited to a scaffold strand that is made up of 7,249 bases. The research team has now created DNA origami consisting of 51,466 bases

It is extremely rare to come across with a phenomenon that bridges materials science, particle physics, relativity and topology.

New Species of Electrons Can Lead to Better Computing

September 11, 2014 4:18 pm | by The University of Manchester | News | Comments

Electrons that break the rules and move perpendicular to the applied electric field could be the key to delivering next generation, low-energy computers, a collaboration of scientists from The University of Manchester and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have found. They report a material in which electrons move at a controllable angle to applied fields, similar to sailboats driven diagonally to the wind.

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