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Researchers have developed an algorithm for generating panoramic video from unstructured camera arrays. Courtesy of Disney Research

Algorithm Combines Videos from Unstructured Camera Arrays into Panoramas

May 4, 2015 4:14 pm | by Disney Research | News | Comments

Even non-professionals may someday be able to create high-quality video panoramas using multiple cameras with the help of an algorithm developed by a team of Disney researchers. Their method smooths out the blurring, ghosting and other distortions that routinely occur when video feeds from unstructured camera arrays are combined to create a single panoramic video.

Advancing Security and Trust in Reconfigurable Devices

May 4, 2015 2:24 pm | by Rick Robinson, Georgia Institute of Technology | News | Comments

A research team at the Georgia Tech Research Institute is studying a range of security...

Close-up: Bed Bug

May 4, 2015 2:09 pm | News | Comments

This 50x photo of a bed bug (Cimex lectularius) received an honorable mention in the 2014 Nikon...

See Flower Cells in 3-D — No Electron Microscopy Required

May 1, 2015 9:17 am | by Botanical Society of America | News | Comments

Scientists require high-resolution imaging of plant cells to study everything from fungal...

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Amin Amini Maghsoud Bigy and Dr. Konstantinos Banitsas have turned Microsoft’s Kinect computer games controller into a system that can counter two of the most common and distressing symptoms of Parkinson’s.

Hacked Kinect Computer Games Controller a Game-changer for Parkinson’s

May 1, 2015 8:58 am | by Brunel University London | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a system for Parkinson’s sufferers to counter two of the most common and distressing symptoms of the degenerative disease.They have turned Microsoft’s Kinect computer games controller into a system that can be installed into a patient’s own home.

Caption: Florida from Lake Okeechobee to Part of Everglades National Park -- Courtesy of ESA, Copernicus data (2014) – click to enlarge

Florida from Lake Okeechobee to Part of Everglades National Park

April 30, 2015 5:06 pm | by ESA | News | Comments

Part of the US state of Florida is pictured in this image from the Sentinel-1A satellite. The peninsula sits between the Gulf of Mexico to the west, and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. The large body of water at the top of the image is the freshwater Lake Okeechobee. Covering about 1900 sq km, the lake is very shallow with a maximum depth of about 4 m.

Mite in a Small Forest -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Honorable Mention -- Click to enlarge

Mite in a Small Forest

April 30, 2015 10:56 am | News | Comments

This 10x photo, entitled "Mite in a Small Forest" received an honorable mention in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope. The photograph was taken using image stacking.

The mesmerizing first-place video demonstrates the development of the zebrafish lateral line, a sensory organ analogous to the inner ear of humans that, in fish, senses movements in the surrounding water.

Time-Lapse Video of Zebrafish "Inner Ear" Development Wins 1st Place in Nikon Small World in Motion Competition

April 30, 2015 10:25 am | by Nikon | News | Comments

Nikon Instruments has announced the winners of the fourth annual Nikon Small World in Motion Photomicrography Competition. First place for the 2014 competition is awarded to Dr. Mariana Muzzopappa and Jim Swoger for their stunning capture of the development of a zebrafish lateral line — a process that could provide insight into curing deafness in humans.

NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, has captured a new high-energy X-ray view (magenta) of the bustling center of our Milky Way galaxy. The smaller circle shows the center of our galaxy where the NuSTAR image was taken. Courtesy of NA

Telescope Array Captures Possible 'Screams' from Zombie Stars

April 30, 2015 9:57 am | by NASA | News | Comments

Peering into the heart of the Milky Way galaxy, NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) has spotted a mysterious glow of high-energy X-rays that, according to scientists, could be the "howls" of dead stars as they feed on stellar companions.

Earthquake deformation: By combining Sentinel-1A imagery acquired before and after the quake, changes on the ground that occurred between the two acquisition dates lead to rainbow-colored interference patterns in the combined image, known as an ‘interfero

Satellite Images Supporting Emergency Aid in Nepal

April 30, 2015 9:30 am | by ESA | News | Comments

A 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck Nepal on April 25, 2015, claiming over 5000 lives and affecting millions of people. Satellite images are being used to support emergency aid organizations, while geo-scientists are using satellite measurements to analyze the effects of the earthquake on the land.

From joy to sadness, facial expressions could soon be decipherable to robots.

Making Robots More Human

April 30, 2015 9:20 am | by ACS | News | Comments

Most people are naturally adept at reading facial expressions — from smiling and frowning to brow-furrowing and eye-rolling — to tell what others are feeling. Now, scientists have developed ultra-sensitive, wearable sensors that can do the same thing. Their technology, reported in the journal ACS Nano, could help robot developers make their machines more human.

Unmasking the Secrets of Mercury -- Courtesy of NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington – click to enlarge

Unmasking the Secrets of Mercury

April 29, 2015 9:32 am | by NASA | News | Comments

MASCS has been diligently collecting single tracks of spectral surface measurements since MESSENGER entered Mercury orbit on March 17, 2011. The track coverage is now extensive enough that the spectral properties of both broad terrains and small, distinct features such as pyroclastic vents and fresh craters can be studied. To accentuate the geological context of the measurements, MASCS data have been overlain on a monochrome mosiac.

IBM researcher Jerry Chow in the quantum computing lab at IBM's T.J. Watson Research Center. Courtesy of Jon Simon/Feature Photo Service for IBM

Scientists Achieve Critical Steps to Building First Practical Quantum Computer

April 29, 2015 9:21 am | by IBM | News | Comments

IBM scientists unveiled two critical advances towards the realization of a practical quantum computer. For the first time, they showed the ability to detect and measure both kinds of quantum errors simultaneously, as well as demonstrated a new, square quantum bit circuit design that is the only physical architecture that could successfully scale to larger dimensions.

The search for life beyond our solar system requires unprecedented cooperation across scientific disciplines. NASA's NExSS collaboration includes those who study Earth as a life-bearing planet (lower right), those researching the diversity of solar system

NASA’s NExSS Coalition to Lead Search for Life on Distant Worlds

April 28, 2015 3:58 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

NASA is bringing together experts spanning a variety of scientific fields for an unprecedented initiative dedicated to the search for life on planets outside our solar system. The Nexus for Exoplanet System Science, or “NExSS,” hopes to better understand the various components of an exoplanet, as well as how the planet stars and neighbor planets interact to support life.

Chris Evans, left, as Captain America/Steve Rogers, and Chris Hemsworth as Thor, in a scene of the new film, "Avengers: Age Of Ultron." The movie releases in the U.S. on May 1, 2015. (Jay Maidment/Disney/Marvel via AP)

'Avengers' Stars Wary of Artificial Intelligence

April 28, 2015 2:46 pm | by Ryan Pearson, AP Entertainment Writer | News | Comments

The cast of "Avengers: Age of Ultron" may battle out-of-control artificial intelligence on-screen but, in real life, they're not so sure about cutting-edge technology. AP talked with the cast about what they embrace and fear in today's high-tech landscape: ROBERT DOWNEY, JR.: I feel you have to embrace it. You know, there's always that shadow play that goes on ... But look, it took over a while ago...

International Space Station Flyover of Australia -- Courtesy of NASA – click to enlarge

International Space Station Flyover of Australia

April 28, 2015 1:57 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

From the International Space Station, NASA astronaut Scott Kelly (stationcdrkelly on Instagram) took this photograph and posted it to social media on April 6, 2015. Kelly wrote, "Australia. You are very beautiful. Thank you for being there to brighten our day. #YearInSpace"

Water, CO2 and green power - these are the ingredients for Audi e-diesel.

Audi Succeeds in Making Diesel Fuel from Carbon Dioxide and Water

April 28, 2015 10:03 am | by Audi | News | Comments

Audi has taken another big step in the development of new, CO2 neutral fuels: A pilot plant in Dresden has started production of the synthetic fuel Audi e diesel. After a commissioning phase of just four months, the research facility in Dresden started producing its first batches of high‑quality diesel fuel this month. The only raw materials needed are water and carbon dioxide.

Professor Stephen Hawking as he appeared via hologram technology at the Sydney Opera House. Courtesy of Prudence Upton

Stephen Hawking appears at Sydney Opera House via Hologram, makes Great Star Trek Exit

April 28, 2015 9:13 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

World-famous physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking made a dramatic appearance at the Sydney Opera House via hologram at a sold-out public lecture on April 26, 2015. The world-first “Evening with Stephen Hawking” event, a night celebrating the phenomenal story of Professor Hawking, was the result of a partnership between UNSW, Cisco and the Sydney Opera House. Hawking beamed in via the latest in collaboration technology.

Describing the universe requires fewer dimensions than we might think. New calculations show that this may not just be a mathematical trick, but a fundamental feature of space itself.

Is the Universe a Hologram? New Calculations Suggest Holographic Principle Holds in Flat Spacetime

April 27, 2015 11:03 am | by TU Wien | News | Comments

At first glance, there is not the slightest doubt: to us, the universe looks three-dimensional. But one of the most fruitful theories of theoretical physics in the last two decades is challenging this assumption. The "holographic principle” asserts that a mathematical description of the universe actually requires one fewer dimension than it seems. What we perceive as 3-D may just be the image of 2-D processes on a huge cosmic horizon.

Chicken Sensory Neuron -- Courtesy of Nikon Small World -- 2014 Nikon Small World Honorable Mention -- Click to enlarge

Rising Sun: Chicken Sensory Neuron

April 27, 2015 9:43 am | News | Comments

This 40x photo, entitled "Rising Sun" features a cultured embryonic chicken dorsal root ganglia neuron explant. It received an honorable mention in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope.

Aaron Johnson, former professional singer and Beckman Institute affiliate faculty member in the Bioimaging Science and Technology Group, sings “If I Only Had a Brain” from The Wizard of Oz to demonstrate the real-time imaging capabilities of the magnetic

Super-Fast MRI Technique shows what it looks Like to Sing 'If I Only Had a Brain'

April 27, 2015 9:32 am | by Beckman Institute | News | Comments

In order to sing or speak, around one hundred different muscles in our chest, neck, jaw, tongue and lips must work together to produce sound. Researchers investigate how all these mechanisms effortlessly work together — and how they change over time. With a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique, the vocal neuromuscular movements of singing and speaking can now be captured at 100 frames per second.

Poker is now a benchmark for artificial intelligence research, just as chess once was. It’s a game of exceeding complexity that requires a machine to make decisions based on incomplete and often misleading information, thanks to bluffing, slow play and ot

Brains vs. AI: Carnegie Mellon Computer Faces Poker Pros in Epic No-Limit Texas Hold’Em

April 24, 2015 3:30 pm | by Ken Walters, Carnegie Mellon University | News | Comments

In a contest that echoes Deep Blue’s chess victory over Garry Kasparov and Watson beating two Jeopardy! Champions, computer poker software developed at Carnegie Mellon University will challenge four of the world’s best professional poker players in a “Brains Vs. Artificial Intelligence” competition beginning April 24, 2015, at Rivers Casino.

Enterprise AI deployments will also drive additional spending on IT hardware and services including computing power, graphics processor units (GPUs), networking products, storage and cloud computing.

AI for Enterprise Applications to Reach $11.1 Billion, Deep Learning will be Breakout Technology

April 24, 2015 2:39 pm | by Tractica | News | Comments

After 60 years of false starts, the integration of artificial intelligence with probability and statistics has led to a marriage of machine learning, control theory and neuroscience that is yielding practical benefits. This shared theoretical foundation, combined with the exponential growth of processing power and the unprecedented increase in the amount of data available to analyze, has made AI systems attractive for businesses to adopt.

Central and Southern Italy -- Courtesy of ESA/Copernicus data (2014) – click to enlarge

Central and Southern Italy

April 24, 2015 2:22 pm | by ESA | News | Comments

Part of Italy’s Molise, Apulia and Campania regions are pictured in this radar composite image from Sentinel-1A. The area features two distinct types of terrain: the Apennine Mountains in the lower left and lowlands to the right. Known for its agricultural importance, the lowland area is known as the Tavoliere — a term that recalls the word tavolo meaning ‘table.’

Another dimension: Professor Marc in het Panhuis (left) and Ph.D. student Shannon Bakarich are building objects using 4D printing, where time is the fourth dimension.

4D Printing, where Time — actually Shape Shifting — is the 4th Dimension

April 24, 2015 2:01 pm | by University of Wollongong | News | Comments

Just as the extraordinary capabilities of 3D printing have begun to infiltrate industry and the family home, researchers have started to develop 3D printed materials that morph into new structures post production, under the influence of external stimuli, such as water or heat — hence the name, 4D printing.

Yellowstone sits on top of four overlapping calderas. Courtesy of US NPS

Huge Magma Chamber Spied under Yellowstone Supervolcano

April 24, 2015 1:58 pm | by AP | News | Comments

Scientists have spied a vast reservoir of hot, partly molten rock beneath the supervolcano at Yellowstone National Park. It's big enough to fill the Grand Canyon 11 times over. The gigantic magma chamber is four times bigger and much deeper than the previously known chamber above it. The upper chamber was responsible for three ancient volcanic eruptions that coated much of North America in ash.

First Image of the Moon Taken by a U.S. Spacecraft -- Courtesy of NASA – click to enlarge

First Image of the Moon Taken by a U.S. Spacecraft

April 23, 2015 3:22 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

Ranger 7 took this image, the first picture of the moon by a U.S. spacecraft, on July 31, 1964 at 13:09 UT, about 17 minutes before impacting the lunar surface. The large crater at center right is the 108 km diameter Alphonsus. Above it is Ptolemaeus and below it Arzachel. The terminator is at the bottom right corner. Mare Nubium is at center and left. North is at about 11:00 at the center of the frame.

The Cori Phase 1 system will be the first supercomputer installed in the new Computational Research and Theory Facility now in the final stages of construction at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Cray XC40 will be First Supercomputer in Berkeley Lab’s New Computational Research and Theory Facility

April 23, 2015 3:17 pm | by NERSC and Berkeley Lab | News | Comments

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center and Cray announced they have finalized a new contract for a Cray XC40 supercomputer that will be the first NERSC system installed in the newly built Computational Research and Theory facility at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

This LiDAR image from the CAO shows the Tambopata River in the Peruvian Amazon. The ancient meanders and oxbows are in blue extending out from the existing river in black. Higher terraced regions are in pink. Courtesy of Greg Asner, The Carnegie Airborne

Carnegie Launches Next-gen Airborne Laboratory for Earth

April 23, 2015 1:45 pm | by Carnegie Science | News | Comments

Carnegie Science announces the launch of the Carnegie Airborne Observatory-3 (CAO-3), the most scientifically advanced aircraft-based mapping and data analytics system in civil aviation today. This third-generation aircraft has been completely overhauled from previous models, boasting a multitude of cutting-edge improvements to its onboard laboratory.

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