A new type of giant virus called "Pithovirus" has been discovered in the frozen ground of extreme north-eastern Siberia. Buried underground, this giant virus, which is harmless to humans and animals, has survived being frozen for more than 30,000 years. It is the largest virus ever discovered.
The Department of Energy’s National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)...
Researchers have revealed ancient conditions that almost ended life on Earth, using a new...
A Virginia Tech researcher has developed a new way to classify and name organisms based on their...
Although the time and cost of sequencing an entire human genome has plummeted, analyzing the resulting three billion base pairs of genetic information from a single genome can take many months. However, a team working with Beagle, one of the world's fastest supercomputers devoted to life sciences, reports that genome analysis can be radically accelerated. This computer is able to analyze 240 full genomes in about two days.
The DNA of a baby boy who was buried in Montana 12,600 years ago has been recovered, and it provides new indications of the ancient roots of today's American Indians and other native peoples of the Americas. It's the oldest genome ever recovered from the New World. Artifacts found with the body show the boy was part of the Clovis culture, which existed in North America from about 13,000 years ago to about 12,600 years ago
Richard III has already been immortalized as Shakespeare's hunchbacked antihero. Now scientists hope to immortalize his genetic code by sequencing his DNA. Scientists believe the information will reveal the dead monarch's hair and eye color, provide insights into his ancestry, and even give some hints as to what ailed the infamous monarch, whose skeleton was unearthed beneath a parking lot in the English city of Leicester in 2012.
They were a British family on a day out — almost a million years ago. Archaeologists announced February 7, 2014, that they have discovered human footprints in England that are between 800,000 and 1 million years old — the most ancient found outside Africa, and the earliest evidence of human life in northern Europe.
The National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center recently accepted “Edison,” a new flagship supercomputer designed for scientific productivity. Named in honor of American inventor Thomas Alva Edison, the Cray XC30 will be dedicated in a ceremony held at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) on February 5, 2014, and scientists are already reporting results.
Next time you call someone a Neanderthal, better look in a mirror. Many of the genes that help determine most people's skin and hair are more Neanderthal than not, according to two new studies that look at the DNA fossils hidden in the modern human genome.
The Center for Biotechnology (CeBiTec) at Bielefeld University has added TimeLogic’s latest J-series Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) hardware to their computational tools platform. TimeLogic’s DeCypher systems are designed to greatly increase the speed of sequence comparison by combining custom FPGA circuitry with optimized implementations of BLAST, Smith-Waterman, Hidden Markov Model and gene modeling algorithms.
An international team of scientists has discovered that two of the world's most devastating plagues – the plague of Justinian and the Black Death, each responsible for killing as many as half the people in Europe—were caused by distinct strains of the same pathogen, one that faded out on its own, the other leading to worldwide spread and re-emergence in the late 1800s. These findings suggest a...
An enthusiastic group of non-experts, working through an online interface and receiving feedback from lab experiments, has produced designs for RNA molecules that are consistently more successful than those generated by the best computerized design algorithms, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and Stanford University report.
"Life is a DNA software system" says J. Craig Venter, PhD, and biology can be digitized, the information sent via the Internet, and viruses and other life forms recreated using the emerging tools of synthetic biology. Dr. Venter describes his vision for applying biological teleportation to send digitized biological information around the world and from Mars to Earth in an interview in Industrial...
From April 1 – 4, the International Trade Fair for Laboratory Technology, Analysis and Biotechnology will be a center for key players in science and industry. This year’s analytica will revolve around three main themes — i.e. food analysis, plastics analysis and genetic and bioanalysis—whether in the exhibition, the Live Labs and the program of related events.
The Genedata Screener for Compound Combinations platform provides for high-throughput combination screening capabilities within AstraZeneca's Oncology iMed unit. Automating and standardizing the data analysis of combination screening experiments, the platform accelerates discovery of new compound combination therapies by enabling high-throughput combination profiling.
Biologists have studied the functionality of a poorly understood category of genes, which produce long non-coding RNA molecules rather than proteins. Some of these genes have been conserved throughout evolution, and are present in 11 species ranging from man to frog. The research was lead at the University of Lausanne, in partnership with EPFL and the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. It has been published in Nature.
A 100-million-year old piece of amber has been discovered which reveals the oldest evidence of sexual reproduction in a flowering plant – a cluster of 18 tiny flowers from the Cretaceous Period – with one of them in the process of making some new seeds for the next generation.
Observing the Sparks of Life: Researchers isolate photosynthetic complex in its complete functioning stateDecember 30, 2013 12:00 am | by U.S. Department Of Energy Office of Science | News | Comments
EFRC researchers isolate a photosynthetic complex — arguably the most important bit of organic chemistry on the planet — in its complete functioning state. When sunlight strikes a photosynthesizing organism, energy flashes between proteins just beneath its surface until it is trapped as separated electric charges. Improbable as it may seem, these tiny hits of energy eventually power the growth and movement of all plants and animals.
Former Massachusetts Institute of Technology president Charles M. Vest, who began its initiative to offer free courses online and oversaw expansions in its research fields, has died at age 72. Vest led MIT from 1990 to 2004. During his tenure, MIT expanded its research in cognitive science, genomic medicine, biological engineering and nanotechnology.
Dr. Janet Rowley, a pioneer in cancer genetics research, has died at age 88. Rowley conducted landmark research with leukemia in the 1970s, linking cancer with genetic abnormalities — work that led to targeted drug treatment for leukemia. She identified a genetic process called translocation, now widely accepted.
Humans have a distinctive hand anatomy that allows them to make and use tools. Apes and other nonhuman primates do not have these distinctive anatomical features in their hands, and the point in time at which these features first appeared in human evolution is unknown. Now, researchers have found a new hand bone from a human ancestor who roamed the earth in East Africa approximately 1.42 million years ago.
Sponges are getting squeezed out of a distinctive role in evolution. A new study says they don't represent the oldest branch of the animal family tree after all. The DNA research gives the spot instead to comb jellies, a group of gelatinous marine animals with names like the sea walnut and the sea gooseberry.
The High Line, a park that turned a dilapidated stretch of elevated railway on Manhattan's West Side into one of New York's newest tourist attractions, may have brought a different kind of visitor: a cockroach that can withstand harsh winter cold and never seen before in the U.S.
Appistry, Inc. announced the expansion of its Cancer Genome Analysis (CGA) Suite to include additional tools for next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis from the Broad Institute. The first addition to the suite is a method for estimating contamination levels in cancer genome data.
Nine scientists are being honored as SLAS Innovation Award finalists, but only one will receive a $10,000 cash prize at SLAS2014, the Third Annual SLAS Conference and Exhibition, which will be held January 18 to 22, 2014, at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego, CA.
A human ancestor characterized by "robust" jaw and skull bones was a muscular creature with a gorilla-like upper body and more adaptive to its environment than previously thought, scientists have discovered. Researchers found a partial skeleton — including arm, hand, leg and foot fragments — dated to 1.34 million years old
Scientists have reached farther back than ever into the ancestry of humans to recover and analyze DNA, using a bone found in Spain that's estimated to be 400,000 years old. So far, the achievement has provided more questions than answers about our ancient forerunners.
Everything leading up to the actual coding, figuring out how to make it work, is what Samak enjoys most. One of the problems she is working on with the Department of Energy’s Joint Genome Institute (JGI) is a data mining method to automatically identify errors in genome assembly, replacing the current approach of manually inspecting the assembly.
- Page 1