Scientists are using powerful analytical and imaging tools to study artworks from all ages, delving deep below the surface to reveal the process and materials used by some of the world’s greatest artists. Chemist Richard Van Duyne, in collaboration with conservation scientists at the Art Institute of Chicago, has been using a scientific method to investigate masterpieces by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Winslow Homer and Mary Cassatt.
Over the last few decades researchers have characterized a set of clock genes that drive daily...
A team led by Houston Methodist Research Institute (HMRI) scientists has found that Alzheimer's...
Tens of thousands of pot smokers wheezed a sigh of relief when recreational marijuana use was...
A team led by Houston Methodist Research Institute (HMRI) scientists has found that Alzheimer's disease and cancer share a pathway in gene transcription, a process essential for cell reproduction and growth. They published their findings in December 2013 in the open access journal Scientific Reports by the Nature Publishing Group.
Tens of thousands of pot smokers wheezed a sigh of relief when recreational marijuana use was made legal January 1, 2014. Gone is the cottage industry of gray-area physicians rubber-stamping medical prescriptions for a well-informed gaggle of would-be stoners who memorized popular conditions sure to garner approval.
Manuel Peitsch, co-founder of the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, will chair a session on high-performance computing (HPC) in the life sciences at ISC’14 in Leipzig, Germany, in June. Peitsch is also a professor of bioinformatics at the University of Basel in Switzerland and is vice president of biological systems research at Philip Morris International.
Glaciers are commonly thought to work like a belt sander. As they move over the land they scrape off everything — vegetation, soil, and even the top layer of bedrock. So scientists were greatly surprised to discover an ancient tundra landscape preserved under the Greenland Ice Sheet, below two miles of ice.
Life took root more than four billion years ago on our nascent Earth, a wetter and harsher place than now, bathed in sizzling ultraviolet rays. What started out as simple cells ultimately transformed into slime molds, frogs, elephants, humans and the rest of our planet's living kingdoms. How did it all begin?
An article shows the potential applications for Google Glass in the surgical setting, particularly in relation to training. Personal portable information technology is advancing at a breathtaking speed. The authors of the study obtained a Glass device through Google's Explorer Program and have tested its applicability in their daily pediatric surgical practice.
Modesto Orozco’s research activity is focused on the theoretical study of biological systems. More than 350 papers published in international peer-reviewed journals like Nature, Nature Genetics, Angew Chem., Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA, Chem.Rev., Chem.Soc.Rev., Acc. Chem. Res., J.Am.Chem.Soc. His publications have collected more than 14000 citations with an h-index of 65.
In our group we are aiming at a quantitative understanding of biological systems to an extent that one is able to predict systemic features and with the hope to rational design and modify their behavior. This applies to any system comprising biological components that is more than the mere sum of its components, or, in other words, the addition of the individual components results in systemic properties that could not be predicted by considering the components individually.
Research activity is in the field of liquid crystals and anisotropic soft materials using theory, computer simulations and various spectroscopical techniques and has led to over 250 publications in international journals or multi-author books, particularly on Computer Simulations and Modeling (Monte Carlo, Molecular Dynamics) of lattice (Lebwohl-Lasher), molecular (Gay-Berne) and atomistic models and Statistical Theories of bulk and confined Liquid Crystals.
Dr. Thomas Sterling holds the position of Professor of Informatics and Computing at the Indiana University (IU) School of Informatics and Computing as well as serves as Chief Scientist and Executive Associate Director of the Center for Research in Extreme Scale Technologies (CREST). Since receiving his Ph.D from MIT in 1984 as a Hertz Fellow Dr. Sterling has engaged in applied research in fields associated with parallel computing system structures, semantics, and operation in industry, government labs, and academia.
Klaus Schulten is the leader in the field of computational biophysics, having devoted over 40 years to establishing the physical mechanisms underlying processes and organization in living systems from the atomic to the organism scale. Schulten is a strong proponent of the use of simulations as a "computational microscope", to augment experimental research
On the first anniversary of President Obama's BRAIN Initiative announcement, the National Science Foundation (NSF) launched a new portal at NSF.gov/brain dedicated to the agency's brain research-related funding opportunities and news. The Web site also includes NSF's specific thematic research areas for the BRAIN (Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies) Initiative
Living harvestmen — a group of arachnids more commonly known as daddy longlegs — have a single pair of eyes that help them navigate habitats in every continent except Antarctica. But a newly described 305-million-year-old fossil found in eastern France shows that wasn’t always the case.
When life on Earth was first getting started, simple molecules bonded together into the precursors of modern genetic material. A catalyst would have been needed, but enzymes had not yet evolved. One theory is that the catalytic minerals on a meteorite’s surface could have jump-started life’s first chemical reactions. But scientists need a way to directly analyze these rough, irregularly shaped surfaces.
Accelrys Insight and Accelrys Insight for Excel are designed to enhance scientific data analysis with capabilities that include the ability to run database searches directly from the Excel spreadsheet environment. The Web-based life science, discovery and innovation support environment speeds decisions by simplifying access to complex hierarchical data and implementing data-rich tooltips for scatterplots...
A new DARPA technology office will merge biology, engineering and computer science to harness the power of natural systems for national security. Technology, like biology, constantly evolves. It is DARPA’s mission to stay ahead of the shifting technology curve by making critical, early investments in areas that cut across fields of research and enable revolutionary new capabilities for U.S. national security.
Is Big Data really the biggest challenge at the moment for translational science? Certainly there are issues with the complexity and size of omics data, which Big Data techniques can help address, but there are two more pressing challenges: enabling collaboration whilst facilitating information sharing, and the ability to better interpret multiple different omics data (multi-omics).
Crops that produce more while using less water seem like a dream for a world with a burgeoning population and already strained food and water resources. This dream is coming closer to reality for University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers who have developed a new computer model that can help plant scientists breed better soybean crops.
Flowering plants attract pollinating insects with scent from their flowers and bright colors. If they have become infested with herbivores like caterpillars, they attract beneficial insects like parasitic wasps with the help of scent signals from their leaves. The wasps then lay their eggs in the caterpillars and kill the parasites.
Today's enterprises face unique challenges. In the past, the requirement was to upgrade. Today, it's about building an integrated strategy that involves multiple technologies both existing and new. For example, there's more diversity in database technology than ever before, server technology and data center infrastructure, to name a few. At the moment, none of these technologies are replacing the others; instead, they need to be integrated.
A crystallization of tartrazine (dye primarily used as a food coloring) image won an honorable mention in the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition. The 40x differential interference contrast photo was taken by Frederic Labaune of Education Nationale at Auxonne, France.
This image of a pelagosphera larva of Nephasoma pellucidum (peanut worm) after four days of development won an Honorable Mention in the 2013 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition. The 40x confocal image was submitted by Dr. Michael J. Boyle of the Smithsonian Institution at Smithsonian Marine Station, Fort Pierce, Fla.
Creating surrogate human organs, coupled with insights from highly sensitive mass spectrometry technologies, a new project is on the brink of revolutionizing the way we screen new drugs and toxic agents.
The New York Genome Center (NYGC) and IBM announced an initiative to accelerate a new era of genomic medicine with the use of IBM's Watson cognitive system. IBM and NYGC will test a unique Watson prototype designed specifically for genomic research as a tool to help oncologists deliver more personalized care to cancer patients.
In 2007, MIT scientists developed a type of microscopy that allowed them to detail the interior of a living cell in three dimensions, without adding any fluorescent markers or other labels. This technique also revealed key properties, such as the cells’ density.
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