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Research shows a correlation between hospitalization due to infection and impaired cognition corresponding to an IQ score of 1.76 lower than the average. People with five or more hospital contacts with infections had an IQ score of 9.44 lower than the ave

Infections can affect your IQ

May 21, 2015 11:49 am | by Ingrid Marie Fossum, Aarhus University | News | Comments

Anyone can suffer from an infection, for example in their stomach, urinary tract or skin. However, a new Danish study shows that a patient’s distress does not necessarily end once the infection has been treated. In fact, ensuing infections can affect your cognitive ability measured by an IQ test.

Get Ahold of This: NIST Tools Test Robot Hand Grasping, Fine-motor Skills

May 21, 2015 9:01 am | by NIST | News | Comments

Grasping and shaking hands is a defining human ritual. But what about our android counterparts?...

Age of Wearable Computing Delivers BioStamp Electronic Skin

May 20, 2015 3:32 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

MC10  is developing a technology that will allow digital circuits to be embedded in bendable,...

Ontology for Automatons: Standard Knowledge for Robots

May 20, 2015 2:12 pm | by NIST | News | Comments

What do you know? There is now a world standard for capturing and conveying knowledge robots...

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Investigators have applied NetGestalt to data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) colorectal cancer cohort, the first tumor dataset with complete molecular measurements at DNA, RNA and protein levels.

User-friendly Data Query, Visualization Tools Enable Omics Data Integration

May 19, 2015 4:21 pm | by Leigh MacMillan, Vanderbilt University | News | Comments

Advances in technology have generated vast amounts of “omics” data: genomic, epigenomic, transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic changes for all types of specimens. Bridging the gap between data generation and investigators’ ability to retrieve and interpret data is essential to realize the biological and clinical value of this wealth of information.

Scientists are now closer to imitating key electronic aspects of the human brain — a vital step towards creating a bionic brain.

Researchers take Vital Step toward Creating Bionic Brain

May 19, 2015 3:08 pm | by RMIT University | News | Comments

Researchers have mimicked the way the human brain processes information with the development of an electronic long-term memory cell, which mirrors the brain’s ability to simultaneously process and store multiple strands of information. The development brings them closer to imitating key electronic aspects of the human brain — a vital step toward creating a bionic brain and unlocking treatments for Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.

Siri Segalstad is Principal, Segalstad Consulting AS and the author of International IT Regulations and Compliance (Wiley-Blackwell, 2008).

Cost of LIMS: True Pricing includes more than Purchase, Implementation and Annual Licensing

May 18, 2015 3:02 pm | by Siri H. Segalstad | Articles | Comments

The real benefit of laboratory information management systems (LIMS) is difficult to calculate. Let’s take a look at some key considerations, starting with the question of whether to build the LIMS yourself or buy a commercial LIMS… Advocates for building a new LIMS themselves usually state that their lab is so unique, they cannot use a commercial LIMS. However, very few labs are truly unique ...

Emphasizing the less common classes in datasets leads to improved accuracy in feature selection.

Counterintuitive Approach Yields Big Benefits for High-dimensional, Small-sized Problems

May 15, 2015 3:04 pm | by Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) | News | Comments

Extracting meaningful information out of clinical datasets can mean the difference between a successful diagnosis and a protracted illness. However, datasets can vary widely both in terms of the number of ‘features’ measured and number of independent observations taken. Now, researchers have developed an approach for targeted feature selection from datasets with small sample sizes, which tackles the so-called class imbalance problem.

Autonomous Car Prototype Folds, Shrinks, Drives Sideways

Recap: The Week's Top Stories — May 8-14

May 15, 2015 2:34 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

In case you missed it, here's another chance to catch this week's biggest hits. Writing like a genius; the largest individual structure ever identified by humanity; imaging fascinating, wild and unpredictable thunder; a car prototype that folds, shrinks and drives sideways; a high-efficiency laser system to remove space debris from orbit; and more are among the latest top stories.

BigNeuron, a new project led by the Allen Institute for Brain Science, aims to streamline scientist’s ability to create 3-D digital models of neurons. Courtesy of Allen Institute for Brain Science

Digitizing Neurons: Project will convert 2-D Microscope Images into 3-D Models

May 14, 2015 9:46 am | by Oak Ridge National Laboratory | News | Comments

A new initiative designed to advance how scientists digitally reconstruct and analyze individual neurons in the human brain will receive support from the supercomputing resources at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Led by the Allen Institute for Brain Science, the BigNeuron project aims to create a common platform for analyzing the three-dimensional structure of neurons.

The research team examined blood samples from 33 survivors of car or motorcycle accidents or falls for multiple markers of inflammation, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), and segregated the patients into one of three (low to high) categories of trauma sever

Computer Simulation Accurately Replicates Real-life Trauma Outcomes

May 13, 2015 2:03 pm | by University of Pittsburgh | News | Comments

Computer simulation of the body’s inflammatory response to traumatic injury accurately replicated known individual outcomes and predicted population results. Researchers examined blood samples from 33 survivors of car or motorcycle accidents or falls for multiple markers of inflammation, including interleukin-6, and segregated the patients into categories of trauma severity. They were able to validate model predictions.

Scientific Computing periodically feature special informatics focus articles that attempt to help you with such complex tasks as selecting a laboratory information management system (LIMS) or interfacing systems together. Unfortunately, there is only a li

Computerized Systems in the Modern Laboratory: A Practical Guide

May 13, 2015 8:29 am | by John R. Joyce, Ph.D. | Articles | Comments

Scientific Computing periodically features special informatics focus articles that attempt to help you with such complex tasks as selecting a laboratory information management system or interfacing systems together. Unfortunately, there is only a limited amount of information that one can cram into one of these articles. Where we are limited to just a few pages for each of our attempts, Joe Liscouski has written a whole book on the subject

Tablet and robot system: A person taps the tablet to control where the beam of light appears on a floor. The swarm robots then roll toward the illumination, constantly communicating with each other and deciding how to evenly cover the lit area.

Controlling Robot Swarms with the Swipe of a Finger

May 12, 2015 12:28 pm | by Georgia Tech | News | Comments

Using a smart tablet and a red beam of light, researchers have created a system that allows people to control a fleet of robots with the swipe of a finger. A person taps the tablet to control where the beam of light appears on a floor. The swarm robots then roll toward the illumination, constantly communicating with each other and deciding how to evenly cover the lit area.

EO Smart Connecting Car 2 prototype Courtesy of Dipl.-Inform. Timo Birnschein, DFKI GmbH

Autonomous Car Prototype Folds, Shrinks, Drives Sideways

May 12, 2015 8:44 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

A team of German software developers and designers, along with electronics and construction engineers, has developed an innovative design for a new type of electric smart “micro car.” Now in its second-phase, the prototype is able to convert from “traditional driving” to driving sideways in just seconds, with each wheel powered by its own motor. The two-seater also can shrink from eight feet to less than five feet in length.

Each horizontal line in this computer display represents a different line of evidence that could be used to argue for or against the presence of gene in a DNA sequence. The student, seeing a discrepancy, must drill down deeper to try to find its source. C

Massively Parallel Genomics Students: Publication has 940 Undergraduate Authors

May 11, 2015 12:04 pm | by Washington University in St. Louis | News | Comments

The list of authors for an article on comparative genomics of a fruit fly chromosome runs three single-spaced pages. Large author lists are the norm in high-energy physics, but a novelty in biology. What is going on? The 1,014 authors include 940 undergraduates from 63 institutions, all working in parallel to solve mysteries embedded in the DNA sequences of the unusual dot chromosome in fruit flies. A large collaboration is providing...

The first of The Planetary Society's two LightSail spacecraft will ride to space aboard an Atlas V rocket in May 2015. The mission is a shakedown cruise designed to test out the CubeSat's critical systems. In 2016, the second LightSail spacecraft will pig

Solar-powered Sail could Revolutionize Satellite Control and Movement

May 11, 2015 8:32 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

Last September, Cal Poly's CubeSat team and The Planetary Society unfurled a solar-powered sail that some believe could revolutionize satellite propulsion. This was a deployment test and key milestone for the LightSail project. Among those present was Bill Nye, CEO of The Planetary Society. Lightsail is a Planetary Society initiative with the goal of demonstrating effective use of solar sails for satellite control and movement.

Barcelona Biomedical Research Park (PRBB) in Catlonia, Spain

Designing and Managing the LIMS at Barcelona Biomedical Research Park's Animal Facility

May 7, 2015 8:18 am | by Helen Kelly | Articles | Comments

Today's LIMS allow research institutions to monitor and manage a broad array of biomedical research processes end-to-end and remotely. But how do they accommodate the ongoing flood of discoveries in areas such as genetics, the -omics, regenerative medicine and behavior, ongoing adjustments to workflows and protocols, tens of thousands of animals, and the evolution of legislative, welfare quality, and ethics directives?

The new program builds on IBM Research advancements in analytics and existing Watson collaborations to develop a genome data analysis solution for clinicians. Partners involved in the program will use Watson Genomic Analytics, a new solution specifically

14 Leading Cancer Institutes Collaborate to Advance Personalized Medicine for Cancer Patients

May 6, 2015 12:33 pm | by IBM | News | Comments

IBM Watson is collaborating with more than a dozen leading cancer institutes to accelerate the ability of clinicians to identify and personalize treatment options for their patients. The institutes will apply Watson's advanced cognitive capabilities to reduce from weeks to minutes the ability to translate DNA insights, understand a person's genetic profile and gather relevant information from medical literature to personalize treatment.

Scientists have programmed DNA to calculate multiple GPS routes at the same time. Courtesy of the American Chemical Society

Next Step in DNA Computing: GPS Mapping?

May 6, 2015 12:23 pm | by American Chemical Society | News | Comments

Conventional silicon-based computing, which has advanced by leaps and bounds in recent decades, is pushing against its practical limits. DNA computing could help take the digital era to the next level. Scientists are now reporting progress toward that goal with the development of a novel DNA-based GPS.

This four-second time-lapse photo of a Los Angeles freeway illustrates the complexities of decision-making, as one driver appears to have made a late change of mind while most drivers decided in advance whether to stay on the main road or take an exit ram

Mind Reading: Algorithm Enables Moment-by-moment Analysis of Brain Activity

May 6, 2015 12:01 pm | by Janet Rae-Dupree and Tom Abate, Stanford University | News | Comments

Researchers studying how the brain makes decisions have, for the first time, recorded the moment-by-moment fluctuations in brain signals that occur when a monkey making free choices has a change of mind. The findings result from experiments led by electrical engineering Professor Krishna Shenoy, whose Stanford lab focuses on movement control and neural prostheses — such as artificial arms — controlled by the user's brain.

OpenLAB ELN Software for Mobile

OpenLAB ELN Software for Mobile

May 5, 2015 11:49 am | Agilent Technologies | Product Releases | Comments

OpenLAB Electronic Laboratory Notebook (ELN) lab productivity software includes desktop, mobile and cloud capabilities and is designed to leverage the power of tablets. It provides with scientists access to laboratory data — anytime, anywhere — through the convenience of their mobile devices.

Grow Your Own LIMS Code

May 5, 2015 9:05 am | by Helen Kelly | Articles | Comments

These days, using a LIMS seems to feature in every scientist's life, and for some small and medium-size labs, open source code is the way forward with a LIMS. In fact, businesses have grown up around helping labs implement open source LIMS and learn to make modifications in house. A bridge too far for a nonprofessional? Not according to Greg Wilson, who believes that most scientists can easily learn enough to slip into coding...

NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, has captured a new high-energy X-ray view (magenta) of the bustling center of our Milky Way galaxy. The smaller circle shows the center of our galaxy where the NuSTAR image was taken. Courtesy of NA

Telescope Array Captures Possible 'Screams' from Zombie Stars

April 30, 2015 9:57 am | by NASA | News | Comments

Peering into the heart of the Milky Way galaxy, NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) has spotted a mysterious glow of high-energy X-rays that, according to scientists, could be the "howls" of dead stars as they feed on stellar companions.

DeskGen Gene Editing Platform

DeskGen Gene Editing Platform

April 29, 2015 9:52 am | Desktop Genetics Ltd. | Product Releases | Comments

The DeskGen Platform for gene editing combines elements of AutoClone and gUIDEbook and allows researchers to design genome editing vectors and cloning strategies optimized to their own laboratories and experimental needs. It provides the power to expertly design optimized genome editing experiments, in any cell line and species, right from the desktop.

Unmasking the Secrets of Mercury -- Courtesy of NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington – click to enlarge

Unmasking the Secrets of Mercury

April 29, 2015 9:32 am | by NASA | News | Comments

MASCS has been diligently collecting single tracks of spectral surface measurements since MESSENGER entered Mercury orbit on March 17, 2011. The track coverage is now extensive enough that the spectral properties of both broad terrains and small, distinct features such as pyroclastic vents and fresh craters can be studied. To accentuate the geological context of the measurements, MASCS data have been overlain on a monochrome mosiac.

The functional genetic network shown is just one of the 144 such networks identified for a diverse set of human tissues and cell types. Courtesy of Simons Center for Data Analysis

Computer Science, Statistical Methods Combine to Analyze Stunningly Diverse Genomic Big Data Collections

April 28, 2015 3:36 pm | by Simons Foundation | News | Comments

A multi-year study led by researchers from the Simons Center for Data Analysis and major universities and medical schools has broken substantial new ground, establishing how genes work together within 144 different human tissues and cell types in carrying out those tissues’ functions. The paper also demonstrates how computer science and statistical methods may combine to analyze genomic ‘big-data’ collections.

Water, CO2 and green power - these are the ingredients for Audi e-diesel.

Audi Succeeds in Making Diesel Fuel from Carbon Dioxide and Water

April 28, 2015 10:03 am | by Audi | News | Comments

Audi has taken another big step in the development of new, CO2 neutral fuels: A pilot plant in Dresden has started production of the synthetic fuel Audi e diesel. After a commissioning phase of just four months, the research facility in Dresden started producing its first batches of high‑quality diesel fuel this month. The only raw materials needed are water and carbon dioxide.

Another dimension: Professor Marc in het Panhuis (left) and Ph.D. student Shannon Bakarich are building objects using 4D printing, where time is the fourth dimension.

4D Printing, where Time — actually Shape Shifting — is the 4th Dimension

April 24, 2015 2:01 pm | by University of Wollongong | News | Comments

Just as the extraordinary capabilities of 3D printing have begun to infiltrate industry and the family home, researchers have started to develop 3D printed materials that morph into new structures post production, under the influence of external stimuli, such as water or heat — hence the name, 4D printing.

The Cori Phase 1 system will be the first supercomputer installed in the new Computational Research and Theory Facility now in the final stages of construction at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Cray XC40 will be First Supercomputer in Berkeley Lab’s New Computational Research and Theory Facility

April 23, 2015 3:17 pm | by NERSC and Berkeley Lab | News | Comments

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center and Cray announced they have finalized a new contract for a Cray XC40 supercomputer that will be the first NERSC system installed in the newly built Computational Research and Theory facility at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

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