To a large degree, your brain is what makes you... you. It controls your thinking, problem solving and voluntary behaviors. At the same time, your brain helps regulate critical aspects of your physiology, such as your heart rate and breathing. And yet your brain — a nonstop multitasking marvel — runs on only about 20 watts of energy, the same wattage as an energy-saving light bulb.
Solving Puzzle-Like Bond for Biofuels: First Look at One of Nature's Strongest Biomolecular InteractionsMarch 17, 2015 3:02 pm | by Texas Advanced Computing Center | News | Comments
One of life's strongest bonds has been discovered by a science team researching biofuels with...
Liquid water is a requirement for life on Earth. But in other, much colder worlds, life might...
Top researchers are using mathematical modelling and heavy computations to understand how the brain can both remember and learn. Ten years ago, when the team of Marianne Fyhn and Torkel Hafting Fyhn cooperated with the Nobel Prize winning team of May-Britt and Edvard Moser at NTNU, they discovered the sense of orientation in the brain.
Researchers have cracked a code that governs infections by a major group of viruses, including the common cold and polio. The unnoticed code had been hidden in plain sight in the sequence of the ribonucleic acid (RNA) that makes up this type of viral genome. But researchers have unlocked its meaning and demonstrated that jamming the code can disrupt virus assembly. Stopping a virus assembling can stop it functioning.
Quantum chemical calculations have been used to solve big mysteries in space. Soon the same calculations may be used to produce tomorrow’s cancer drugs. Quantum chemical calculations are needed to explain what happens to the electrons’ trajectories within a molecule, and the results of a quantum chemical calculation are often more accurate than what is achievable experimentally.
By analyzing the light of hundreds of thousands of celestial objects, astronomers have created a unique map of enigmatic molecules in our galaxy that are responsible for puzzling features in the light from stars, called diffuse interstellar bands. DIBs have been a mystery ever since they were discovered in 1922 — exactly which of the many thousands of possible molecules are responsible for these features?
Russia's richest man says he has bought James D. Watson's Nobel Prize medal at Christie's in order to return it to the scientist. The 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded jointly to Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewey Watson and Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins "for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material."
Biological engineers have created a new computer model that allows them to design the most complex three-dimensional DNA shapes ever produced, including rings, bowls, and geometric structures such as icosahedrons that resemble viral particles.
Van der Waals forces act like a sort of quantum glue on all types of matter. Using a new measuring technique, scientists from Forschungszentrum Jülich experimentally determined for the first time all of the key details of how strongly the single molecules bind to a surface. With an atomic force microscope, they demonstrated that the forces do not just increase with molecular size, but that they even grow disproportionately fast.
Researchers at Ohio State University Cancer Comprehensive Care Center developed and implemented bioinformatics and molecular methods to understand what happens to human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in the "end game" of HPV-positive human cancers.
A team of computer scientists working to improve how researchers across the sciences empower big data to solve problems have been awarded $5 million by the National Science Foundation. The team will address one of the leading challenges in tackling some of the world’s most pressing issues in science: the ability to analyze and compute large amounts of data.
Scientists have used computer simulations to show how bacteria are able to destroy antibiotics — a breakthrough that will help develop drugs which can effectively tackle infections in the future. Researchers at the University of Bristol focused on the role of enzymes in the bacteria, which split the structure of the antibiotic and stop it from working, making the bacteria resistant.
Computationally intensive research in Sweden will soon get a boost from the fastest academic supercomputer in the Nordic countries, to be installed in October 2014 at KTH Royal Institute of Technology. KTH is due to begin using the fastest academic supercomputer of any university in Scandinavia. A Cray XC30 with 1,676 nodes and a memory of 104.7 terabytes will be installed at KTH’s PDC Center for High Performance Computing.
IBM announced that Caris Life Sciences is using IBM technical computing and storage technology to accelerate the company’s molecular profiling services for cancer patients. The Caris tumor profiling database is one of the largest datasets in the application of advanced molecular profiling technologies to support clinicians in delivering personalized treatment recommendations — or precision oncology.
Stampede used to Perform Modeling to Advance Potential Drug Targets for Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, SchizophreniaSeptember 23, 2014 3:59 pm | by Jorge Salazar, TACC | News | Comments
It all begins in the brain as a flood, tens of millions of neurotransmitters handed off from one neuron to another in just a fraction of a second. Memories, dreams and learning share a common thread in this exchange of electrical and chemical signals by the nearly 100 billion spindly neurons of the brain, each cell networked to 10,000 others.
SDSC Joins Intel Parallel Computing Centers Program with Focus on Molecular Dynamics, Neuroscience and Life SciencesSeptember 12, 2014 2:44 pm | by San Diego Supercomputer Center | News | Comments
The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California, San Diego, is working with semiconductor chipmaker Intel to further optimize research software to improve the parallelism, efficiency, and scalability of widely used molecular and neurological simulation technologies.
Every trillionth of a second, Panagiotis Grammatikopoulos calculates the location of each individual atom in a particle based on where it is and which forces apply. He uses a computer program to make the calculations, and then animates the motion of the atoms using visualization software. The resulting animation illuminates what happens, atom-by-atom, when two nanoparticles collide.
Using Powerful GPU-Based Monte Carlo Simulation Engine to Model Larger Systems, Reduce Data Errors, Improve System PrototypingJuly 22, 2014 8:33 am | by Jeffrey Potoff and Loren Schwiebert | Blogs | Comments
Recently, our research work got a shot in the arm because Wayne State University was the recipient of a complete high-performance compute cluster donated by Silicon Mechanics as part of its 3rd Annual Research Cluster Grant competition. The new HPC cluster gives us some state-of-the-art hardware, which will enhance the development of what we’ve been working on — a novel GPU-Optimized Monte Carlo simulation engine for molecular systems.
Scientists at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have made the first structural observations of liquid water at temperatures down to minus 51 degrees Fahrenheit, within an elusive “no man’s land” where water’s strange properties are super-amplified.
Dr. Collins is the director of the Advanced Biomedical Computing Center at the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research. Dr. Collins’ research focuses on biomedical computing applications pertaining to cancer. His research group develops and applies high-performance algorithms to solve data-intensive computational biology problems in the areas of genomic analysis, pattern recognition in proteomics and imaging, molecular modeling, and systems biology.
Accelrys Insight and Accelrys Insight for Excel are designed to enhance scientific data analysis with capabilities that include the ability to run database searches directly from the Excel spreadsheet environment. The Web-based life science, discovery and innovation support environment speeds decisions by simplifying access to complex hierarchical data and implementing data-rich tooltips for scatterplots...
At this year's International Supercomputing Conference, Professor Klaus Schulten will deliver the opening keynote address on computing in biomedicine and bioengineering. Schulten, a physicist by training, now devotes his time to computation biophysics. He has contributed to several key discoveries in this area, has garnered numerous awards and honors for his work, and is considered one of preeminent leaders in field.
Astronomers at the University of Washington have developed a new method of gauging the atmospheric pressure of exoplanets, or worlds beyond the solar system, by looking for a certain type of molecule. And if there is life out in space, scientists may one day use this same technique to detect its biosignature — the telltale chemical signs of its presence — in the atmosphere of an alien world.
An international team of scientists has, for the first time, revealed the color scheme of an extinct marine animal using fossilized skin pigment from three multi-million-year old marine reptiles. Previously, scientists could only guess what colors huge reptiles, such as mosasaurs and ichthyosaurs had
The National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center recently accepted “Edison,” a new flagship supercomputer designed for scientific productivity. Named in honor of American inventor Thomas Alva Edison, the Cray XC30 will be dedicated in a ceremony held at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) on February 5, 2014, and scientists are already reporting results.
Dassault Systèmes, a 3-D design software, 3-D Digital Mock Up and Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) solutions provider, and Accelrys, a provider of scientific innovation lifecycle management software for chemistry, biology and materials, have announced the signing of a definitive merger agreement for Dassault Systèmes to acquire San Diego-based Accelrys, Inc.
eQUEUE is designed to be an intuitive Web-based front-end job submission tool and management portal that increases cluster utilization by making it easier to run jobs from any Web browser. It has the added value of virtually eliminating errors through pre-defined job submission scripts.
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