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As the Earth rotates every 24 hours, the orientation of the ions in the quantum computer/detector changes with respect to the Sun’s rest frame. If space were squeezed in one direction and not another, the energies of the electrons in the ions would have s

Quantum Computer’s Extremely Precise Measurements Show Space is Not Squeezed

January 29, 2015 3:19 pm | by Robert Sanders, UC Berkeley | News | Comments

Ever since Einstein proposed his special theory of relativity, physics and cosmology have been based on the assumption that space looks the same in all directions — that it’s not squeezed in one direction relative to another. A new experiment used partially entangled atoms — identical to the qubits in a quantum computer — to demonstrate more precisely than ever before that this is true, to one part in a billion billion.

Laser Co-creator and Nobel Laureate Charles Townes dies at 99

January 29, 2015 8:37 am | by Lisa Leff, Associated Press | News | Comments

Charles H. Townes' inspiration for the predecessor of the laser came to him while sitting on a...

Improving Data Mobility and Management for International Cosmology Workshop

January 28, 2015 3:06 pm | by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory | Events

Registration is now open for a workshop on “Improving Data Mobility and Management for...

Extending Einstein's Spooky Actions for Use in Quantum Networks

January 26, 2015 4:18 pm | by Swinburne University of Technology | News | Comments

Researchers have demonstrated that the 1935 Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen quantum mechanics paradox...

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LE-OFETs are being used to develop flexible, transparent computer screens. Copyright RDECOM/CC

Transistor Improvements on Track to make Flexible Plastic Computers a Reality

January 26, 2015 2:03 pm | by National Institute for Materials Science | News | Comments

Researchers at Japan’s National Institute for Materials Science revealed that improvements should soon be expected in the manufacture of transistors that can be used to make flexible, paper-thin computer screens.The scientists reviewed the latest developments in research on photoactive organic field-effect transistors; devices that incorporate organic semi-conductors, amplify weak electronic signals, and either emit or receive light.

Actor John Heffernan poses with old photographs and a signature of Robert Oppenheimer, at a rehearsal studio in London. Heffernan is playing the part of Robert Oppenheimer in a new play the Royal Shakespeare Company is doing about the physicist, who led t

Science Fact Holds its Own with Even the Wildest Sci-fi Scenarios

January 26, 2015 1:45 pm | by Jill Lawless, Associated Press | News | Comments

Suddenly, scientists are sexy. With Benedict Cumberbatch nominated for multiple trophies as Alan Turing and Eddie Redmayne turning heads as Stephen Hawking, young British actors playing scientists are all the rage this season. So, it's good timing for the Royal Shakespeare Company, whose new play, Oppenheimer, features John Heffernan as American scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer, leader of the team that developed the first nuclear weapon.

Kennette Benedict, executive director, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, stands beside the old Doomsday Clock which showed five minutes until midnight during a news conference to announce the new clock reads three minutes until midnight. The clock advanc

We're Two Minutes Closer to Doomsday

January 23, 2015 2:49 pm | by Seth Borenstein, AP Science Writer | News | Comments

The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists says Earth is now closer to human-caused doomsday than it has been in more than 30 years because of global warming and nuclear weaponry. But other experts say that's way too gloomy. The advocacy group, founded by the creators of the atomic bomb, moved their famed "Doomsday Clock" ahead two minutes on January 22, 2015. It said the world is now three minutes from a catastrophic midnight.

This simulation, which models a rheometer with particles, can help determine how well a rheometer design works at characterizing a fluid. The NIST team is performing a number of simulations like this one, varying the shape and number of blades to better i

Predicting Concrete Flow Properties from Simple Measurements

January 23, 2015 2:44 pm | by NIST | News | Comments

Just because concrete is the most widely used building material in human history doesn’t mean it can’t be improved. A recent study using DOE Office of Science supercomputers has led to a new way to predict concrete’s flow properties from simple measurements. The results should help accelerate the design of a new generation of high-performance and eco-friendly cement-based materials by reducing time and costs associated with R&D.

Princeton University researchers have built a rice grain-sized microwave laser, or "maser," powered by single electrons that demonstrates the fundamental interactions between light and moving electrons, and is a major step toward building quantum-computin

Rice-sized Laser, Powered One Electron at a Time, Bodes Well for Quantum Computing

January 21, 2015 1:19 pm | by Catherine Zandonella, Princeton University | News | Comments

Researchers have built a rice-grain-sized laser powered by single electrons tunneling through artificial atoms known as quantum dots. The tiny microwave laser, or "maser," is a demonstration of the fundamental interactions between light and moving electrons. The researchers built the device — which uses about one-billionth the electric current needed to power a hair dryer — while exploring how to use quantum dots.

Two particles are positioned between highly reflective mirrors and entangled with one another by means of a laser. Additional lasers encode quantum information in the ions and then transfer the information to a single photon. Courtesy of U. Innsbruck

Optimizing Information Transfer for a Quantum Internet

January 15, 2015 12:28 pm | by University of Innsbruck | News | Comments

A quantum network requires efficient interfaces over which information can be transferred from matter to light and back. Physicists have shown how this information transfer can be optimized by taking advantage of a collective quantum phenomenon. The collective interaction between the particles and the resonator can now be tuned in order to enhance the creation of single photons.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has created a fictional Exoplanet Travel Bureau that is sure to add fuel to your daydreams. A new exoplanet travel series, posted on the PlanetQuest Web site, features “travel posters” of several planets

The Grass is always Redder on the Other Side

January 14, 2015 10:18 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

Have you ever dreamed about vacationing on another planet? Or wondered what it would be like to explore “strange new worlds”? If so, NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has created a fictional Exoplanet Travel Bureau that is sure to add fuel to your daydreams. A new exoplanet travel series features travel posters of several planets that the folks at NASA’s Exoplanet Exploration Program think you just might want to check out...

The Chern-number measurement using an external force

Magic Numbers of Quantum Matter Revealed by Cold Atoms

January 13, 2015 11:19 am | by Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics | News | Comments

Topology, a branch of mathematics classifying geometric objects, has been exploited by physicists to predict and describe unusual quantum phases: the topological states of matter. These intriguing phases, generally accessible at very low temperature, exhibit unique conductivity properties, which are particularly robust against external perturbations, suggesting promising technological applications.

Map of diffuse interstellar bands Courtesy of T.W. Lan, G. Zasowski, B. Ménard, SDSS and 2MASS/UMass/IPAC-Caltech/NASA/NSF

Astronomers Map Mysterious Molecules in our Galaxy

January 12, 2015 10:20 am | by Phil Sneiderman, Johns Hopkins University | News | Comments

By analyzing the light of hundreds of thousands of celestial objects, astronomers have created a unique map of enigmatic molecules in our galaxy that are responsible for puzzling features in the light from stars, called diffuse interstellar bands. DIBs have been a mystery ever since they were discovered in 1922 — exactly which of the many thousands of possible molecules are responsible for these features?

William Weaver is an associate professor in the Department of Integrated Science, Business, and Technology at La Salle University.

By Any Other Name: The Central Role of Informatics in STEM Education

January 9, 2015 3:05 pm | by William Weaver, Ph.D. | Blogs | Comments

The human lament that things in the past were much simpler is an accurate observation made from the perspective of riding along an exponentially increasing complexity curve. Examining the present or looking into the future can be a confusing torrent of concepts, vocabulary and technologies that appear to be spiraling out-of-control. At the First IEEE Integrated STEM Education Conference, Professor Steve Zilora reflected on this increase...

Illustration of one orbit of pulsar J1906 (on the right, with radio beams) around its companion (centered). In the space-time curvature caused by the companion (blue), the pulsar rotation axis slants throughout the orbit. For illustration the effect is ex

Vanishing Neutron Star used to Measure Space-time Warp with Extreme Precision

January 8, 2015 2:57 pm | by University of British Columbia | News | Comments

In an interstellar race against time, astronomers were able to measure the space-time warp in the gravity of a binary star and determine the mass of a neutron star — just before it vanished from view. The team measured the masses of both stars in binary pulsar system J1906. The pulsar spins and emits a lighthouse-like beam of radio waves every 144 milliseconds. It orbits its companion star in a little under four hours.

Geoff Pryde from Griffith's Centre for Quantum Dynamics led a team that showed the quantum-refereed steering protocol can match tests for strong entanglement in not requiring trust in the measuring devices, and has the further advantage of being robust to

Quantum Steering Enhances Internet Data Security

January 8, 2015 12:26 pm | by Griffith University | News | Comments

Research conducted at Griffith University may lead to greatly improved security of information transfer over the Internet. Physicists from the Centre for Quantum Dynamics demonstrate the potential for "quantum steering" to be used to enhance data security over long distances, discourage hackers and eavesdroppers and resolve issues of trust with communication devices.

NASA Kepler's Hall of Fame: Of the more than 1,000 verified planets found by NASA's Kepler Space Telescope, eight are less than twice Earth-size and in their stars' habitable zone. All eight orbit stars cooler and smaller than our sun. The search continue

We’re Closer than Ever to Finding Earth Twins in a Habitable Zone

January 8, 2015 12:02 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

How many stars like our sun host planets like our Earth? NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope continuously monitored more than 150,000 stars beyond our solar system and, to date, has offered scientists an assortment of more than 4,000 candidate planets for further study — the 1,000th of which was recently verified.

Physicist Jim Bailey of Sandia National Laboratories observes a wire array that will heat foam to roughly 4 million degrees until it emits a burst of X-rays that heats a foil target to the interior conditions of the sun. Courtesy of Randy Montoya

Iron Sun: Not a Rock Band, but a Key to Stars’ Energy Transmission

January 6, 2015 12:16 pm | by Sandia National Laboratories | News | Comments

Working at temperatures matching the interior of the sun, researchers have been able to determine, for the first time in history, iron’s role in inhibiting energy transmission from the Sun's center to near the edge of its radiative band. Because that role is much greater than formerly surmised, the experimentally derived amount of iron’s opacity helps close a theoretical gap in the Standard Solar Model, used to model the behavior of stars.

Astronomers have found evidence that the “recipe” for creating Earth also applies to terrestrial exoplanets orbiting distant stars. Courtesy of David A. Aguilar (CfA)

How Do You Create an Earth-like Planet?

January 6, 2015 10:39 am | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

In the on-going search for habitable exoplanets, astronomers have been searching for evidence of how planets orbiting distant stars were created. Although planet Earth’s "test kitchen" has provided a detailed recipe, it hasn’t been clear whether other planetary systems followed the same formula. Now, researchers are reporting evidence that the formula for Earth also applies to terrestrial exoplanets orbiting distant stars.

Engineers check out the Inflatable Reentry Vehicle Experiment (IRVE-3) following the complete inflation system test under vacuum conditions in the Transonic Dynamics Tunnel at NASA’s Langley Research Center. When Orbital Sciences resumes sending supplies

Preparing for Extreme Challenges, NASA Explores Inflatable Spacecraft

January 5, 2015 12:20 pm | by Brock Vergakis, Associated Press | News | Comments

Devising a way to one day land astronauts on Mars is a complex problem, and NASA scientists think something as simple as a child's toy design may help to solve it. Safely landing a large spacecraft on the Red Planet is just one of many challenges the agency faces as it eyes an ambitious goal of sending humans into deep space. NASA has been developing an inflatable heat shield that looks a lot like a super-sized stacking ring of doughnuts.

Artist impression of the central region of NGC 1266. The jets from the central black hole are creating turbulence in the surrounding molecular gas, suppressing star formation in an otherwise ideal environment to form new stars. Courtesy of B. Saxton (NRAO

Perfect Storm Quenching Star Formation around Supermassive Black Hole

January 5, 2015 11:49 am | by National Radio Astronomy Observatory | News | Comments

High-energy jets powered by supermassive black holes can blast away a galaxy’s star-forming fuel, resulting in so-called "red and dead" galaxies: those brimming with ancient red stars yet containing little or no hydrogen gas to create new ones. However, astronomers using ALMA have discovered that black holes don’t have to be nearly so powerful to shut down star formation. They have detected a “perfect storm” of turbulence ...

Besides being a fundamental breakthrough, this discovery opens up the possibility of making devices which take the benefits of both light and matter.

Half-Light, Half-Matter Quantum Particles a Step toward Practical Quantum Computing Platforms

January 5, 2015 11:36 am | by City College of New York | News | Comments

Prospects of developing computing and communication technologies based on quantum properties of light and matter may have taken a major step forward. In a pioneering study, researchers were able to discover half-light, half-matter particles in atomically thin semiconductors consisting of a 2-D layer of molybdenum and sulfur atoms arranged similar to graphene.

A gecko foot. Researchers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory have developed a gripping system based on the way gecko feet are able to stick to surfaces. Just as a gecko's foot has tiny adhesive hairs, the JPL devices have small structures that work in si

Gecko Grippers Get a Microgravity Test Flight

January 2, 2015 2:16 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

There are no garbage trucks equipped to leave the atmosphere and pick up debris floating around the Earth. But what if we could send a robot to do the job? Scientists at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory are working on adhesive gripping tools that could grapple objects, such as orbital debris or defunct satellites, that would otherwise be hard to handle.

Two-dimensional slice showing, for scale parameter q=1  fm-1, the Minkowski space-time evolution at y=z=0 of the shear stress π^ςς=τ4πςς, for η¯=1/(4π)

Exact Solution to Model Big Bang, Quark Gluon Plasma Published

December 24, 2014 10:07 am | by Kent State University | News | Comments

Unlike in mathematics, it is rare to have exact solutions to physics problems. The first exact solution that describes a system expanding at relativistic velocities radially and longitudinally has been presented by researchers. It applies to a wide array of physics contexts and will help to better model galactic structure, supernova explosions and high-energy particle collisions, such as those studied at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN.

Quantum physics says that particles can behave like waves, and vice versa. Research published in Nature Communications shows that this 'wave-particle duality' is simply the quantum uncertainty principle in disguise.

Puzzle Solved: Two Quantum Mysteries Merge into One

December 22, 2014 3:20 pm | by Centre for Quantum Technologies | News | Comments

Researchers have proved that two peculiar features of the quantum world — previously considered distinct — are different manifestations of the same thing. They found that 'wave-particle duality' is simply the quantum 'uncertainty principle' in disguise, reducing two mysteries to one. The discovery deepens our understanding of quantum physics and could prompt ideas for new applications of wave-particle duality.

The artistic concept shows NASA's planet-hunting Kepler spacecraft operating in a new mission profile called K2. Using publicly available data, astronomers have confirmed K2's first exoplanet discovery proving Kepler can still find planets. Courtesy of NA

Planet-hunting Spacecraft Reborn, Kepler can still find Planets

December 22, 2014 3:08 pm | by NASA | News | Comments

NASA's planet-hunting Kepler spacecraft makes a comeback with the discovery of the first exoplanet found using its new mission — K2. The discovery was made when astronomers and engineers devised an ingenious way to repurpose Kepler for the K2 mission and continue its search of the cosmos for other worlds.



December 18, 2014 4:41 pm | Comsol, Inc. | Product Releases | Comments

COMSOL Server was developed specifically for running applications built with the Application Builder, which allows COMSOL Multiphysics software users to build an intuitive interface around their model that can be run by anyone — even those without prior simulation experience. Applications can be distributed throughout an organization using a Windows-native client or Web browser.

In theoretical math, the term "moonshine" refers to an idea so seemingly impossible that it seems like lunacy.

Mathematicians prove Umbral Moonshine Conjecture

December 17, 2014 3:08 pm | by Carol Clark, Emory University | News | Comments

Monstrous moonshine, a quirky pattern of the monster group in theoretical math, has a shadow — umbral moonshine. Mathematicians have proved this insight, known as the Umbral Moonshine Conjecture, offering a formula with potential applications for everything from number theory to geometry to quantum physics.

In this illustration, two protons collide at high energy, producing a Higgs boson that instantly decays, producing two tau particles. The rest of the energy from the collision sprays outward in two jets (pink cones). Measuring the angle between these jets

Is Higgs Boson a Piece of the Matter-Antimatter Puzzle?

December 17, 2014 3:00 pm | by SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory | News | Comments

Several experiments, including the BaBar experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, have helped explain some — but not all — of the imbalance between matter and antimatter in the universe. Now, a SLAC theorist and his colleagues have laid out a possible method for determining if the Higgs boson is involved.

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