A house window that doubles as a solar panel could be on the horizon, thanks to recent quantum-dot work by Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers in collaboration with scientists from University of Milano-Bicocca (UNIMIB), Italy. Their project demonstrates that superior light-emitting properties of quantum dots can be applied in solar energy by helping more efficiently harvest sunlight.
The adage “Everyone complains about the weather but nobody does anything about it,” may one day...
Few Americans question that smoking causes cancer. But they express bigger doubts as concepts...
Karlheinz Meier, professor of experimental physics at Heidelberg University’s Kirchhoff Institute of Physics, will deliver a keynote talk at the International Supercomputing Conference 2014 (ISC’14). The theme for this talk will be ‘Brain-derived computing beyond Von Neumann — achievements and challenges’. Meier is one of the co-directors of Europe’s Human Brain Project (HBP), where he will be leading a research group
Astronomers have discovered what they say is the most Earth-like planet yet detected — a distant, rocky world that's similar in size to our own and exists in the Goldilocks zone where it's not too hot and not too cold for life. The find, announced April 17, 2014, excited planet hunters who have been scouring the Milky Way galaxy for years for potentially habitable places outside our solar system.
Prof. Dr. Dr. Thomas Lippert is the Director of the Jülich Supercomputing Centre at the Forschungszentrum Jülich, Germany. He is the managing director of the John von Neumann-Institut für Computing (NIC), a virtual institute of the partner centres DESY (Deutsches Elektronensynchrotron, Hamburg), FZJ and GSI (Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt) in the Helmholtz Association. He holds the chair for Computational Theoretical Physics at the Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Germany.
Rainer Spurzem completed his Ph.D. at the University of Göttingen (Germany) in 1988 with a thesis on stellar systems around supermassive black holes. During the 90s he worked as a researcher and teaching assistant at the University of Kiel (Germany), bringing GRAPE special purpose computers for astrophysical N-body simulations to Europe.
When an earthquake and tsunami struck the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant complex in 2011, neither the quake nor the inundation caused the ensuing contamination. Rather, it was the aftereffects — specifically, the lack of cooling for the reactor cores, due to a shutdown of all power at the station — that caused most of the harm.
Gerhard Wellein holds a PhD in Solid State Physics from the University of Bayreuth and is a regular Professor at the Department for Computer Science at University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. He heads the HPC group at Erlangen Regional Computing Center (RRZE) and has more than ten years of experience in teaching HPC techniques to students and scientists from Computational Science and Engineering.
Dr. Franz-Josef Pfreundt studied Mathematics, Physics and Computer Science resulting in a Diploma in Mathematics and a Ph.D degree in Mathematical Physics (1986). From 1986-1995 he had a permanent position at the University of Kaiserslautern as Head of the Research Group for Industrial Mathematics. In 1995 he was cofounder of the Fraunhofer Institute for Industrial Mathematics – ITWM .
Oak Ridge National Laboratory researcher John Wagner has been named a 2013 recipient of the Department of Energy’s Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award for his work in advancing computer, information and knowledge sciences. Wagner, a nuclear engineer who serves as national technical director for DOE’s Nuclear Fuels Storage and Transportation Planning Project, was recognized for his leadership in the field of computational radiation transport.
Founded on the former site of the U.S. Army’s Camp Upton in New York in 1947, the Energy Department's Brookhaven National Laboratory was originally created out of a post-war desire to explore the peaceful applications of atomic energy. Over the years, its mission has grown to encompass basic and applied research on many frontiers of science — from nuclear physics to nano-science and beyond.
Life took root more than four billion years ago on our nascent Earth, a wetter and harsher place than now, bathed in sizzling ultraviolet rays. What started out as simple cells ultimately transformed into slime molds, frogs, elephants, humans and the rest of our planet's living kingdoms. How did it all begin?
A fluctuating tilt in a planet's orbit does not preclude the possibility of life, according to new research by astronomers at the University of Washington, Utah's Weber State University and NASA. In fact, sometimes it helps. That's because such "tilt-a-worlds," turned from their orbital plane by the influence of companion planets, are less likely than fixed-spin planets to freeze over, as heat from their host star is more evenly distributed
Professor Kenway was appointed to the Tait Chair of Mathematical Physics at the University of Edinburgh in 1994. His research explores non-perturbative aspects of theories of elementary particles using computer simulation of lattice gauge theories, particularly the strong interactions of quarks and gluons described by Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD).
Paolo Carloni obtained his PhD in Chemistry (majoring in computational biophysics) at the University of Florence in 1993 with a thesis entitled “Theoretical Studies on Metalloproteins'. He was supervised by Lucia Banci, Pier Luigi Orioli (University of Florence, Itay) and Michele Parrinello (then IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Switzerland).
Christian Lang is a theoretical physicist. His interest lies in elementary particle physics and statistical physics, in particular Lattice Field Theory.
Ben Moore is Professor of Astrophysics at the University of Zurich. His research is centered on understanding the origin and evolution of the Universe and how stars, planets and galaxies form. Custom built supercomputers are often used, such as the in-house constructed zBox.
Ad Emmen studied physics at the University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands. From 1980 until 1995, he worked in several positions at the foundation for Academic Computing Services Amsterdam (SARA). He has published papers on supercomputing and publishing technology and co-founded the journal "Supercomputer".
Dr. Baetke manages HP's Global HPC-Technology Program for academic and research institutions. Dr. Baetke is a director & board member of HP-CAST, the world-wide user group of HP-HPC; he is an advisory board member of the International Supercomputing Conference (ISC); a member of the Indian Supercomputing Conference (HiPC) steering committee; he also serves on the committees of several international High Performance Computing conferences.
Klaus Schulten is the leader in the field of computational biophysics, having devoted over 40 years to establishing the physical mechanisms underlying processes and organization in living systems from the atomic to the organism scale. Schulten is a strong proponent of the use of simulations as a "computational microscope", to augment experimental research
NASA's Cassini spacecraft has documented the formation of a small icy object within the rings of Saturn that may be a new moon, and may also provide clues to the formation of the planet's known moons. Images taken with Cassini's narrow angle camera on April 15, 2013 show disturbances at the very edge of Saturn's A ring the outermost of the planet's large, bright rings.
A team of computer scientists, mathematicians and geophysicists have optimized the SeisSol earthquake simulation software on the SuperMUC high performance computer to push its performance beyond the “magical” one petaflop/s mark — one quadrillion floating point operations per second.
For more than a quarter of a century, high-temperature superconductors have perplexed scientists who seek to understand the physical phenomena responsible for their unique properties. Thanks to a new study, researchers have identified and solved at least one paradox in the behavior of high-temperature superconductors. The riddle involves a phenomenon called the “pseudogap”
Somewhere out in the cosmos an ordinary galaxy spins, seemingly at slumber. Then all of a sudden, WHAM! A flash of light explodes from the galaxy's center. A star orbiting too close to the event horizon of the galaxy's central supermassive black hole has been torn apart by the force of gravity, heating up its gas and sending out a beacon to the far reaches of the universe.
Using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers now can precisely measure the distance of stars up to 10,000 light-years away — 10 times farther than previously possible. Scientists have developed yet another novel way to use the 24-year-old space telescope by employing a technique called spatial scanning, which dramatically improves Hubble's accuracy for making angular measurements.
NASA is seeking proposals for the development of new, more capable, energy storage technologies to replace the battery technology that has long powered America's space program. The core technologies solicited in the call for proposals will advance energy storage solutions for the space program and other government agencies through ongoing collaboration with NASA and industry.
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