Children don’t have to be told that “cat” and “cats” are variants of the same word — they pick it up just by listening. To a computer, though, they’re as different as, well, cats and dogs. Yet it’s computers that are assumed to be superior in detecting patterns and rules, not four-year-olds. Researchers are trying to, if not to solve that puzzle definitively, at least provide the tools to do so.
Researchers gave a computer program the outline of how a magic jigsaw puzzle and a mind-reading...
Klocwork 10.2 static code analysis software is designed to help developers write higher-quality...
We computational chemists are an impatient lot. Despite the fact that we routinely deal with...
The OpenPOWER Foundation has announced a solid lineup of speakers headlining its inaugural OpenPOWER Summit at NVIDIA’s GPU Technology Conference at the San Jose Convention Center, March 17-19, 2015. Drawing from the open development organization’s more than 100 members worldwide, the Summit’s organizers have lined up over 35 member presentations tied to the event’s “Rethink the Data Center” theme.
Computer chips’ clocks have stopped getting faster. To keep delivering performance improvements, chipmakers are instead giving chips more processing units, or cores, which can execute computations in parallel. But the ways in which a chip carves up computations can make a big difference to performance.
The team responsible for the Oscar-nominated visual effects at the center of Christopher Nolan’s epic, Interstellar, have turned science fiction into science fact by providing new insights into the powerful effects of black holes. The team describes innovative computer code used to generate the film’s iconic images of the wormhole, black hole and various celestial objects, and explains how the code has led them to new science discoveries.
Due to a misconfigured open source database upon which millions of online stores and platforms from all over the world base their services, anyone had the ability to call up or modify several million pieces of customer data online including names, addresses and e-mails. According to the Center for IT-Security, Privacy and Accountability, this vulnerability was demonstrated for 40,000 online databases.
Optimization for high-performance and energy efficiency is a necessary next step after verifying that an application works correctly. In the HPC world, profiling means collecting data from hundreds to potentially many thousands of compute nodes over the length of a run. In other words, profiling is a big-data task, but one where the rewards can be significant — including potentially saving megawatts of power or reducing the time to solution
A team of researchers has developed a low-cost smartphone accessory that can perform a point-of-care test that simultaneously detects three HIV and syphilis infectious disease markers from a finger prick of blood in just 15 minutes. The device replicates, for the first time, all mechanical, optical and electronic functions of a lab-based blood test. Specifically, it performs an ELISA assay.
Every undergraduate computer-science major takes a course on data structures, which describes different ways of organizing data in a computer’s memory. Every data structure has its own advantages: Some are good for fast retrieval, some for efficient search, some for quick insertions and deletions, and so on.
Electronics and computer science researchers have helped to develop a new app to share world-class research and to receive the latest research news through a phone or tablet. The Software Sustainability Institute, a collaboration between the Universities of Southampton, Oxford, Edinburgh and Manchester, aims to spread the word about its work in promoting greater use of software in research.
Researchers have developed a programming language making the massive costs associated with designing hardware more manageable. Chip manufacturers have been using the same chip design techniques for 20 years. The current process calls for extensive testing after each design step. The newly developed, functional programming language makes it possible to prove, in advance, that a design transformation is 100-percent error-free.
The MIT Enterprise Forum of New York and TradingScreen have announced the launch of the second annual award-winning “ Dream it. Code it. Win it. “ contest. The $50,000 student coding competition rewards and promotes creativity, diversity and literacy in the field of computer science.
The aim of this conference is to bring together all of the stakeholders involved in solving the software challenges of the exascale — from application developers, through numerical library experts, programming model developers and integrators, to tools designers. EASC2015 is organised by EPCC at the University of Edinburgh.
IBM has announced the first winner of its Watson University Competition, part of the company's partnership with top universities through its cognitive computing academic initiative. The winning team of student entrepreneurs from the University of Texas at Austin will receive $100,000 in total in seed funding to help launch a business based on their Watson app, which offers the promise of improved citizen services.
Software that Knows the Risks: Planning Algorithms Evaluate Probability of Success, Suggest Low-risk AlternativesJanuary 16, 2015 1:57 pm | by Larry Hardesty, MIT | News | Comments
Imagine that you could tell your phone that you want to drive from your house in Boston to a hotel in upstate New York, that you want to stop for lunch at an Applebee’s around 12:30, and that you don’t want the trip to take more than four hours. Then imagine that your phone tells you that you have only a 66 percent chance of meeting those criteria — but that if you can wait until 1:00 for lunch, or if you’re willing to eat at TGI Friday...
The U.S. and U.K. will stage cyber "war games" together, starting this year, to boost both countries' resistance to cyberattacks, Britain's government said. The two Western powers have also agreed to launch a joint cyber cell to share information on cyberthreats, as both countries seek to ramp up their cyberdefenses in the wake of alarming attacks. The FBI and National Security Agency will be involved, along with Britain's GCHQ and MI5...
NASA and Nissan have announced the formation of a five-year research and development partnership to advance autonomous vehicle systems and prepare for commercial application of the technology. Researchers from NASA’s Ames Research Center and Nissan’s U.S. Silicon Valley Research Center will focus on autonomous drive systems, human-machine interface solutions, network-enabled applications, and software analysis and verification.
To see the future of drones, head up the hill at the intersection of Industrial Drive and Electronics Avenue. Inside a bland brick office building, the team at CyPhy is working on tethered machines that can fly nonstop for days and pocket-sized drones for search-and-rescue missions. It's not a fancy building. There's no giant aerospace or defense company here. Just small teams of computer scientists and mechanical engineers...
The NCSA is enabling software heavily used in industry to run faster, and it’s creating competitive advantages for some of the nation’s largest companies. Industry is a heavy user of supercomputing: it is central to the business of companies within diverse sectors such as oil and gas, pharmaceutical, aerospace and automotive.
Imagine the smart home of the future. Thanks to a central controller and Wi-Fi, not only does the thermostat power up and warm or cool the house as you are heading home, smart light bulbs come on low at dusk and brighten up as the sky gets darker; and your washing machine starts a load of clothes when the electricity is cheapest. But what if a hacker gained access to your central controller? Your heat has been on full blast all day ...
Who's that tiny dancer in the aisles of the Consumer Electronics Show? It's Ozobot, the world's smallest programmable robot with an intuitive color-based language. Ozobot's capacity for fun and learning is designed to bridge the physical and digital divide, and the “smart game piece” glides seamlessly from paper to digital tablet. Playing with the robot introduces kids and young adults to simple coding basics...
The OpenPOWER Foundation, an open development community dedicated to accelerating data center innovation for POWER platforms, has announced its first OpenPOWER Summit will be held March 17 to 19, 2015, at the San Jose Convention Center. It will be hosted within the GPU Technology Conference, which has thousands of technology sector attendees, including developers, researchers, government agencies and industry luminaries.
Computer scientists have extended two popular browsers to empower developers to deliver creative new services while also make surfing safer. The team added a security system called COWL, or Confinement with Origin Web Labels, to Firefox and Chrome to manage how data is shared. It prevents malicious computer code from leaking sensitive information and, at the same time, allows Web applications to display content drawn from multiple sources.
The First Annual OpenPOWER Summit will take place at the San Jose Convention Center. It will be hosted within the GPU Technology Conference (GTC) which has thousands of technology sector attendees and significant industry press and analyst presence including developers, researchers, government agencies, and industry luminaries.
For decades, neuroscientists have been trying to design computer networks that can mimic visual skills such as recognizing objects. Until now, no computer model has been able to match the primate brain at visual object recognition during a brief glance. However, a new study from MIT neuroscientists has found that one of the latest generation of these so-called “deep neural networks” matches the primate brain.
Sense of urgency and economic impact emphasized: The “hardware first” ethic is changing. Hardware retains the glamour, but there is now the stark realization that the newest parallel supercomputers will not realize their full potential without reengineering the software code to efficiently divide computational problems among the thousands of processors that comprise next-generation many-core computing platforms.
The Switch Abstraction Interface (SAI) to Open Ethernet switch systems is designed for open management and control of Ethernet Switches. SAI is the common software application programming interface (API), which is in specification by the Open Compute Project (OCP), and is targeted at forming a common, hardware-agnostic, unified API for Ethernet switches.
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