Moore’s Law recently turned 50 years old, and many have used the milestone to tout its virtues, highlight positive results that stem from it, as well as advance suggestions on what the future dividends will be and boldly project the date for its inevitable demise. Moore’s Law is an observation that has undoubtedly inspired us to innovate to the pace it predicts. It has challenged us to do so. Therefore, I think of it as Moore’s drumbeat.
The real benefit of laboratory information management systems (LIMS) is difficult to calculate....
Last September, Cal Poly's CubeSat team and The Planetary Society unfurled a solar-powered sail...
The Martian is Weir’s first novel. He started the book in 2009, researching it to be as realistic as possible based on existing technology, and posting it to his blog chapter by chapter. The story unfolded over the course of several years, but Weir has stated that he knows the exact date of each day in The Martian.
Overturning cars, flying missiles and airplanes speeding across the screen — on modern computers, 3-D objects can be calculated in a flash. However, many surfaces still look unnatural. Whether it is skin, stone or wax — on the computer screen, all materials look alike, as if the objects had all been cut out of the same opaque material. A new mathematical method takes into account light scattering that occurs below the surface...
These days, using a LIMS seems to feature in every scientist's life, and for some small and medium-size labs, open source code is the way forward with a LIMS. In fact, businesses have grown up around helping labs implement open source LIMS and learn to make modifications in house. A bridge too far for a nonprofessional? Not according to Greg Wilson, who believes that most scientists can easily learn enough to slip into coding...
A world-leading team of academic researchers and industrial experts from across Europe are celebrating the conclusion of a four-year research collaboration tackling the challenges posed by the fastest and most powerful computing systems on the planet. The 4.2M Euro ParaPhrase project brought together academic and industrial experts from across Europe to improve the programmability and performance of modern parallel computing technologies.
A research team at the Georgia Tech Research Institute is studying a range of security challenges involving programmable logic devices — in particular, field programmable gate arrays. FPGAs combine hardware performance and software flexibility so well that they're increasingly used in aerospace, defense, consumer devices, HPC, vehicles, medical devices and other applications. But they come with potential vulnerabilities.
Scientists have developed a system for Parkinson’s sufferers to counter two of the most common and distressing symptoms of the degenerative disease.They have turned Microsoft’s Kinect computer games controller into a system that can be installed into a patient’s own home.
NAG Library Mark 25 includes 81 new mathematical and statistical routines. Features include least angle regression (LARS), least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and forward stagewise regression, nearest correlation matrix updates, unscented Kalman filter, change point analysis, high dimensional quadrature using sparse grids, bandwidth reduction of sparse matrix by reverse Cuthill-McKee reordering ...
In the last 10 years, computer security researchers have shown that malicious hackers don’t need to see your data in order to steal your data. From the pattern in which your computer accesses its memory banks, adversaries can infer a shocking amount about what’s stored there.
Northrop Grumman has renewed its commitment to run the CyberCenturion competition for a second year, continuing its efforts to seek out the UK's best young cyber talent. CyberCenturion is the UK's first team-based cyber security contest specifically designed to attract 12- to 18-year-olds. The competition aims to engage young people with an interest in cyber as a way to address the STEM skills gap and encourage careers in cyber security.
Curtis writes algorithms that enable computers to solve large-scale continuous optimization problems. He is collaborating with researchers at Argonne through a five-year Early Career Award from the U.S. Department of Energy. In a three-year single-investigator project for the NSF, Curtis has developed algorithms that solve large-scale continuous optimization problems in less than a quarter of the time required by conventional methods.
Quantum Computing has been a concept since the 1980s that has remained outside the domain of real-world HPC. Through the era of Moore’s Law and exponential progress in feature size, clock rates and resulting performance, the need for alternative paradigms and technologies has attracted little interest. But there has remained a curiosity among a limited community that has driven slow but persistent advances in associated ideas.
The Signal Processing Component Library for .NET is a comprehensive library of .NET components designed for rapid development of signal processing applications in the sound and vibration marketplace. Each component contains properties and methods that can be used to perform single-channel (spectrum, auto-spectrum, power spectral density) and two-channel (frequency response functions, cross spectrum functions) FFT operations.
The next generation of cyberattacks will be more sophisticated, more difficult to detect and more capable of wreaking untold damage on the nation’s computer systems. So, the DoD has given a $3 million grant to a team of computer scientists to develop software that can hunt down a new kind of vulnerability nearly impossible to find with today’s technology. The team is tasked with creating an analyzer that can thwart algorithmic attacks.
GPU4EO Challenge 2015 is an international initiative which involves students, researchers and professionals in a challenge aimed at improving the performance of remotely sensed data processing using the capacity of GPUs. Teams are asked to use and process Earth observation satellite data with NVIDIA k40 GPU and DORIS, an open source software package, to obtain the best performance, as determined by the fastest processing time.
COMSOL 5.1 is a major upgrade that delivers new and enhanced functionality across all products, including COMSOL Multiphysics and the Application Builder and COMSOL Server, as well as the add-on modules. Among the significant updates are enhancements to numerous core modeling and simulation capabilities and an improved user experience for application design.
There are a number of excellent commercial performance analysis tools on the market. Their big drawback is that they cost money. As a result, acquisition of commercial performance analysis software falls through the cracks, as most funding agencies discourage or prohibit the use of grant money for infrastructure improvements, and few grant authors are willing to take money away from research. Open-source tools are able to fill this gap.
Most recent advances in artificial intelligence are the result of machine learning, in which computers are turned loose on huge data sets to look for patterns. To make machine-learning applications easier to build, computer scientists have begun developing so-called probabilistic programming languages, which let researchers mix and match machine-learning techniques that have worked well in other contexts.
A young doctor leans over a patient who has been in a serious car accident and invariably must be experiencing pain. The doctor's trauma team examines the patient's pelvis and rolls her onto her side to check her spine. They scan the patient's abdomen with a rapid ultrasound machine, finding fluid. They insert a tube in her nose. Throughout the procedure, the patient's face remains rigid, showing no signs of pain.
Researchers at the University of Zurich have unveiled new technology enabling drones to recover stable flight from any position and land autonomously in failure situations. It will even be possible to launch drones by simply tossing them into the air like a baseball or recover stable flight after a system failure. Drones will be safer and smarter, with the ability to identify safe landing sites and land automatically when necessary.
Researchers are designing artificial limbs to be more sensational, with the emphasis on sensation. They have developed a language of touch that can be "felt" by computers and humans alike. The engineers and students are constructing a language quantified with mechanical touch sensors that interact with objects of various shapes, sizes and textures.
It can be disheartening to learn that something precious, such as a one-of-a-kind family photo, has disappeared from a scratched or broken CD or DVD. It also can become serious, dangerous and potentially costly if it happens to a disc containing criminal forensic evidence, corporate records or scientific data. But there may be a way in the future to bring the material back.
Researchers have created an algorithm that allowed a man to grasp a bottle with a prosthetic hand powered only by his thoughts. The technique, demonstrated with a man whose right hand had been amputated, uses non-invasive brain monitoring, capturing brain activity to determine what parts of the brain are involved in grasping an object. A computer program, or brain-machine interface (BMI), harnessed the subject’s intentions...
It’s almost a rite of passage in physics and astronomy. Scientists spend years scrounging up money to build a fantastic new instrument. Then, when the long-awaited device finally approaches completion, the panic begins: How will they handle the torrent of data? The Square Kilometer Array will have an unprecedented ability to deliver data on the location and properties of stars, galaxies and giant clouds of hydrogen gas.
IBM announced that it will invest $3 billion over the next four years to establish a new Internet of Things (IoT) unit, and that it is building a cloud-based open platform designed to help clients and ecosystem partners build IoT solutions.
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are using supercomputing resources at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility, a DOE Office of Science User Facility, to shed light on the mysterious nature of high-temperature superconductors. With critical temperatures ranging from 30 Kelvin to 130 Kelvin, this relatively new class of superconductors is high-temperature in name only.
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