The five universities have been selected to lead the new Alan Turing Institute. The Institute will build on the UK's existing academic strengths and help position the country as a world leader in the analysis and application of big data and algorithm research. Its headquarters will be based at the British Library at the center of London’s Knowledge Quarter.
Scientists using supercomputers found genes sensitive to cold and drought in a plant help it...
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists says Earth is now closer to human-caused doomsday than it...
Optimization algorithms, which try to find the minimum values of mathematical functions, are...
Partek Flow 4.0 is designed specifically for the analysis needs of next-generation sequencing applications including RNA, small RNA and DNA sequencing. With the ability to either build custom analysis pipelines or download pre-built pipelines, users can perform alignment, quantification, quality control, statistics and visualization.
A.J. Jacobs wrote: “I think there's something to the idea that the divine dwells more easily in text than in images.” Since there has been an explosion in the amount of text, sacred and secular, available to anyone with an Internet connection, the need for processing tools has grown. Regular expressions can be used to extract specific text from documents due to their ability to replace many lines of code with as little as one line.
This is not a text for the novice. However, for those math/statistics aficionados, there is much to be had. The book’s great strength lies in two areas: the first is Peter Congdon’s generation of an excellent bibliography of the most modern techniques available, and the other is his (slightly) more straightforward explanations of the strengths and weaknesses of these techniques and suggestions for optimizing the results.
By analyzing the light of hundreds of thousands of celestial objects, astronomers have created a unique map of enigmatic molecules in our galaxy that are responsible for puzzling features in the light from stars, called diffuse interstellar bands. DIBs have been a mystery ever since they were discovered in 1922 — exactly which of the many thousands of possible molecules are responsible for these features?
Qlucore is a software platform for the analysis of genomics, proteomics and related data. As with most statistical and genomics software, it generates an immediate graphic for most analyses. Its specific areas of use include gene expression, protein arrays, DNA methylation, miRNA, proteomics, and pattern and structure identification in multivariate data.
Despite the fact that industries won’t change working processes unless there is a mandatory need to do so, major milestones are expected in 2015 in the battle to adopt data and standardization in our scientific community. The need for deployment of these integration standards to enable efficient sharing of knowledge across our internal and external partners is re-enforced by regulatory bodies.
Researchers have detected at least three instances of cross-species mating that likely influenced the evolutionary paths of “old world” mice, two in recent times and one in the distant past. They think these instances of introgressive hybridization are only the first of many needles waiting to be found in a very large genetic haystack. The finding suggests that hybridization in mammals may not be an evolutionary dead end.
Although there are a diverse range of applications for predictive analytics in R&D, two common basic requirements are data and insight. Data may be generated by running experiments/analyses, or re-applied from previous work when available. Insights come from application of knowledge — both explicitand tacit. There are a variety of roles for informatics in predictive analytics...
Where did the songbird get its song? What branch of the bird family tree is closer to the flamingo — the heron or the sparrow? These questions seem simple, but are actually difficult for geneticists to answer. A new, sophisticated statistical technique can help researchers construct more accurate species trees detailing the lineage of genes and the relationships between species.
Communication protocols for digital devices are very efficient but also very brittle: They require information to be specified in a precise order with a precise number of bits. If sender and receiver — say, a computer and a printer — are off by even a single bit relative to each other, communication between them breaks down entirely.
At a White House ceremony on November 20, 2014, President Obama presented the National Medal of Science and National Medal of Technology and Innovation to individuals who have made outstanding contributions to science and engineering. The awards are the nation's highest honors for achievement and leadership in advancing the fields of science and technology.
The introduction of newer sequencing methodologies, DNA microarrays and high-throughput technology has resulted in a deluge of large data sets that require new strategies to clean, normalize and analyze the data. All of these and more are covered in approximately 300 pages with extraordinary clarity and minimal mathematics.
The mathematician, Robert R. Coveyou, said: “The generation of random numbers is too important to be left to chance.” Random numbers are used in sampling, simulations, modeling, data encryption, gambling and even musical composition. A random number is one selected from a set of equally possible values. Any sequence of random numbers must be statistically independent of the others.
It should come as no surprise to readers of this column that JMP is a personal favorite and, along with SAS, one of my most-used programs. There are a number of reasons for this. Of the many advantages that most packages can offer, breadth and depth of the statistics offered, quality of the diagnostics, interconnectivity of graphics with both data and analyses, and ease-of-use issues are uppermost in my mind as most desirable.
Symbion QT 2.5. chemometrics software provides Parametric Data Cleaning, a technique that automates the handling of data compromised by excessive noise or other artifacts. Key cleaning parameters are under the control of the analyst, allowing chemometric optimization under a wide range of analytical situations.
GeneSpring Pathway Architect software is designed to enable faster discovery of complex relationships across multi-omic data. Designed for researchers focused on genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics or any combination of life science disciplines, the package includes GeneSpring GX and Mass Profiler Professional, as well as Pathway Architect.
Origin and OriginPro 2015 are software applications for data analysis and publication-quality graphing that are tailored to the needs of scientists and engineers. The applications are designed to offer an easy-to-use interface for beginners, and the ability for advanced users to customize analysis and graphing tasks using themes, templates, custom reports, batch processing and programming.
Huygens Titan is lightweight software that indexes, finds and shows 2-D to 5-D microscopic image data. It can read all common microscope formats from any folder and subdirectory on any location to which a user has access. The software does not alter or move images.
During the 1930s, North America endured the Dust Bowl, a prolonged era of dryness that withered crops and dramatically altered where the population settled. Land-based precipitation records from the years leading up to the Dust Bowl are consistent with the telltale drying-out period associated with a persistent dry weather pattern, but they can’t explain why the drought was so pronounced and long-lasting.
Strong solar flares can bring down communications and power grids on Earth. By demonstrating how these gigantic eruptions are caused, physicists are laying the foundations for future predictions. The shorter the interval between two explosions in the solar atmosphere, the more likely it is that the second flare will be stronger than the first one.
The central mystery of quantum mechanics is that small chunks of matter sometimes seem to behave like particles, sometimes like waves. For most of the past century, the prevailing explanation of this conundrum has been what’s called the “Copenhagen interpretation” — which holds that, in some sense, a single particle really is a wave, smeared out across the universe, which collapses into a determinate location only when observed.
Earth's protective but fragile ozone layer is beginning to recover, largely because of the phase-out since the 1980s of certain chemicals used in refrigerants and aerosol cans, a U.N. scientific panel reported September 10, 2014, in a rare piece of good news about the health of the planet. Scientists said the development demonstrates that, when the world comes together, it can counteract a brewing ecological crisis.
New software launched by researchers at Birmingham City University aims to reduce the long periods of training and expensive equipment required to make music, while also giving musicians more intuitive control over the music that they produce. The developed software, showcased at the British Science Festival, trains computers to understand the language of musicians when applying effects to their music.
The Antwerp Diamond Center theft and other sophisticated, high-value heists show that motivated criminals can find ways to overcome every obstacle between them and their targets. Can the Energy and Defense departments, responsible for analyzing, designing and implementing complex systems to protect vital national security assets, learn from security failures in the banking, art and jewelry worlds? Sandia Labs set out to answer that question
SigmaPlot Version 13 is a scientific data analysis and graphing software package with features that include Forest plots, which combine the results of like studies to improve statistical significance, and Kernel Density — a smooth probability distribution plot — as well as Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA), which includes the effects of “nuisance” variables, and Principal Components Analysis (PCA) to determine the major data relationships.
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