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Mathematicians Reveal Secret to Perfect Pancakes

5 Stories You Shouldn’t Miss — February 5-11

February 12, 2016 | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | News | Comments

Another week gone by, another week of great stories. The unseen worlds of Star Wars; computers recognizing objects as well as the human brain; a space station flyover of the Mediterranean; open source code for powerful image detection; and the mathematical secret to perfect pancakes are all among our top stories.

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Computerized treatment delivery can significantly reduce the wait time and cost of treatment, provide immediate access to treatment in any location, improve the quality of life of patients and reduce the burden of caregivers.

Computerized Rehab Aids Those Suffering from Brain Injuries

February 12, 2016 5:17 pm | by Boston University Medical Center | News | Comments

For the first time, researchers have shown that computerized cognitive rehabilitation can improve attention and executive functioning in brain injury survivors including traumatic brain injury and stroke. The findings may lead to improved treatment outcomes in patients with brain injury, especially for patients with limited mobility and means and those residing in rural areas.

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A set of "travel posters" from NASA/JPL depicts various cosmic destinations. Courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech

NASA Envisions Exotic Cosmic Locales

February 11, 2016 4:01 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

“Imagination is our window into the future,” JPL says. The leading U.S. center for the robotic exploration of the solar system, JPL is currently responsible for conducting missions with more than two dozen spacecraft. So, it stands to reason that the lab might occasionally take some time out to envision a day when the creativity of scientists and engineers will allow us to do things we can only dream of now.

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Can a robot really feel and express emotions such as love? Courtesy of Charles Taylor

My Robot Valentine: Could You Fall in Love with a Robot?

February 11, 2016 1:48 pm | by Kate Letheren, Queensland University of Technology and Jonathan Roberts, Queensland University of Technology | Articles | Comments

Imagine it’s Valentine’s Day and you’re sitting in a restaurant across the table from your significant other, about to start a romantic dinner. As you gaze into each other’s eyes, you wonder how it can possibly be true that as well as not eating, your sweetheart does not – cannot – love you. Impossible, you think, as you squeeze its synthetic hand. Could this be the future of Valentine’s Day for some?

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Irina Tezaur and Ray Tuminaro analyze a model of Antarctica. They are part of a Sandia National Laboratories team working to improve the reliability and efficiency of computational models that describe ice sheet behavior and dynamics. Courtesy of Dino Vou

Ice Sheet Modeling of Greenland, Antarctica helps Predict Sea-level Rise

February 11, 2016 12:29 pm | by Sandia National Laboratories | News | Comments

The Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets will make a dominant contribution to 21st century sea-level rise if current climate trends continue. However, predicting the expected loss of ice sheet mass is difficult due to the complexity of modeling ice sheet behavior. To better understand this loss, researchers have been improving the reliability and efficiency of computational models that describe ice sheet behavior and dynamics.

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(a) Crystal structure of a chiral crystal of CrNb3S6. (b) Magnetic twists formed in a chiral crystal, schematically illustrated by an array of bar magnets arranged in the form of a spiral. Courtesy of Yoshihiko Togawa, Osaka Prefecture University

Twisting Magnets Enhance Data Storage Capacity

February 11, 2016 11:57 am | by Hiroshima University | News | Comments

Members of a research collaboration have succeeded in experimentally verifying the properties of crystals of chiral magnetic materials, which may lead to the development of new types of magnetic memories with unprecedented storage capacities. Researchers experimentally showed that the winding number of the twists can be detected electrically, and controlled by changing the strength of the external magnetic field.

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A UCLA Engineering research group has made public the computer code for an algorithm that helps computers process images at high speeds and “see” them in ways that human eyes cannot. The researchers say the code could eventually be used in face, fingerpri

Open Source Code Released for Powerful Image Detection Algorithm

February 11, 2016 11:48 am | by Matthew Chin, UCLA | News | Comments

A UCLA Engineering research group has made public the computer code for an algorithm that helps computers process images at high speeds and “see” them in ways that human eyes cannot. The researchers say the code could eventually be used in face, fingerprint and iris recognition for high-tech security, as well as in self-driving cars’ navigation systems or for inspecting industrial products.

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Unearthly Beauty of the Red Rectangle -- Courtesy of ESA/Hubble and NASA – Click to enlarge

Unearthly Beauty of the Red Rectangle

February 11, 2016 11:23 am | by ESA | News | Comments

Straight lines do not often crop up in space. Whenever they do, they seem somehow incongruous and draw our attention. The Red Rectangle is one such mystery object. It first caught astronomers’ attention in 1973. The star HD 44179 had been known since 1915 to be double, but it was only when a rocket flight carrying an infrared detector was turned its way that the red rectangle revealed itself.

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LIGO opens new window on the universe with observation of gravitational waves from colliding black holes.

Gravitational Waves Detected 100 Years After Einstein's Prediction

February 11, 2016 11:16 am | by LIGO Caltech | News | Comments

For the first time, scientists have observed ripples in the fabric of spacetime called gravitational waves, arriving at the earth from a cataclysmic event in the distant universe. This confirms a major prediction of Albert Einstein’s 1915 general theory of relativity and opens an unprecedented new window onto the cosmos. The detected gravitational waves were produced during the final fraction of a second of the merger of two black holes.

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By using powerful Ohio Supercomputer Center systems to run sophisticated computations that model the light-responsiveness of chromophores, Olivucci’s research group has shown it is possible to identify, “a distinctive electronic character of the 11-cis ch

Explaining the Molecular Machinery of Sight: The Faster You Go, The Faster You Get to the Photoproduct

February 10, 2016 3:55 pm | by Ohio Supercomputer Center | News | Comments

Every significant breakthrough — from a baby’s curiosity to a scientist etching his or her name in the history books — begins with one question, one syllable, one word: Why? One of the more concentrated “whys” biologists often seek to answer relates to why our eyes select specific molecules in their formation, as opposed to other more stable ones. The key to understanding this lies in rhodopsins, or retinal proteins.

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The Watson 2016 Foundation believes that “Watson will be able to analyze trends in employment, markets, interest rates, education, poverty, crime, taxes, and policy to assess what actions are most suitable to accelerate investment in the nation’s future.”

Watson for President?

February 10, 2016 3:01 pm | by Suzanne Tracy, Editor-in-Chief, Scientific Computing and HPC Source | Blogs | Comments

Would the U.S. be better off with an algorithmically controlled Commander-in-Chief? The Watson 2016 Foundation is proposing that the cognitive computer (famous for winning Jeopardy) run for president. They explain: “It is our belief that Watson’s unique capabilities to assess information and make informed and transparent decisions define it as an ideal candidate for the job responsibilities required by the president.”

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Jeff Eldredge, a professor at UCLA's Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science has been working with the UCLA Institute for Digital Research and Education on developing a computational model of a human airway to help surgeons decide how best

Computational Tools could change Sleep Apnea Treatment

February 10, 2016 2:14 pm | by Nico Viele, UCLA | News | Comments

Imagine that, before performing surgery, doctors could consult software that would determine the actual effectiveness of the procedure before even lifting a scalpel. With the use of a computational model of the human airway being developed by Jeff Eldredge, people who suffer from sleep apnea may one day benefit from such a scenario. Eldredge developed a tool that simulates air-tissue interactions in the upper airway of patients.

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An image taken from an animation of wave propagation during a magnitude-7.8 earthquake rupturing the San Andreas Fault from northeast to southwest. Red-blue colors reflect the intensity of shaking; green colors indicate areas of permanent ground deformati

SDSC and Intel Open Second Parallel Computing Center to focus on Earthquake Simulations

February 10, 2016 11:56 am | by San Diego Supercomputer Center | News | Comments

Intel has opened a second parallel computing center at the San Diego Supercomputer Center. The focus of this new engagement is on earthquake research, including detailed computer simulations of major seismic activity that can be used to better inform and assist disaster recovery and relief efforts. The PCC program provides funding to universities, institutions and research labs for modernizing key community computer codes.

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Almost half of the total HPC market revenue is contributed by servers and the trend is expected to continue during the entire forecast period. The significant rise in the usage of servers is driven by the growth of increasing complex applications, requiri

Report: High Performance Computing Market worth 36.62 Billion USD by 2020

February 10, 2016 11:10 am | by MarketsandMarkets | News | Comments

According to a new market research report, the HPC market is estimated to grow from USD 28.08 billion in 2015 and projected to be of USD 36.62 billion by 2020, at a high compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 5.45% during the forecast period. The scope of the report covers detailed information regarding the major factors influencing the growth of the HPC market, such as drivers, restraints, opportunities and challenges. 

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The OpenPOWER Summit features speakers and demonstrations from the OpenPOWER ecosystem, including industry leaders and academia sharing their technical solutions and state of the art advancements.

OpenPOWER Summit Announces Speaker Lineup

February 10, 2016 10:53 am | by OpenPOWER Foundation | News | Comments

The OpenPOWER Foundation has announced the lineup of speakers for the OpenPOWER Summit 2016, taking place April 5 to 8, 2016, at NVIDIA’s GPU Technology Conference. The Summit will bring together dozens of technology leaders from the OpenPOWER Foundation to showcase the latest advancements in the OpenPOWER ecosystem, including collaborative hardware, software and application developments — all designed to revolutionize the data center.

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View Over an Alien World – Courtesy of ESA/NASA/JPL/University of Arizona – Click to enlarge

View Over an Alien World

February 10, 2016 9:17 am | by ESA | News | Comments

At first glance, this scene may look like a reptilian eye or a textured splash of orange paint, but it is actually a fish-eye view of Saturn’s moon Titan. It was acquired at a height of about five kilometers as ESA’s Huygens probe, part of the international Cassini-Huygens mission, descended through Titan’s atmosphere before landing.

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