The experiment that revealed the existence of dark energy came from measurements of the properties of a few tens of exploding stars in distant galaxies — but today cosmologists work with measurements of millions of galaxies, and HPC is playing an increasingly important part in their work. We use galaxies to trace the structure of matter in the universe.
The two-week Argonne Training Program for Extreme-Scale Computing (ATPESC) is described as a “...
Researchers are developing a computer system that uses genetic, demographic and clinical data to...
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for 2015...
The National Science Foundation has long supported cybersecurity research to protect the frontiers of cyberspace. NSF investments in basic research have resulted in innovative ways to secure information and ensure privacy on the Internet and have led to algorithms that form the basis for electronic commerce, software security bug detection, spam filtering and much more. On October 7, NSF awarded $74.5 million in research grants.
The promise of big data lies in researchers' ability to mine massive datasets for insights that can save lives, improve services and inform our understanding of the world. These data may be generated by surfing the Web, interacting with medical devices or passing sensors. Some data may be trivial, but in many cases, data are deeply personal. They can even influence our insurance premiums or the price we pay for a product online.
This 500X photograph shows the second division tetrads of a Lilium anther. It was designated an Image of Distinction in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using differential interference contrast.
EMC's stock was surging in premarket trading on October 8, 2015, on reports of a potential deal between Dell and the data storage company. James Kisner of Jefferies believes that the most likely possibilities are EMC buying Dell or a merger between the two businesses. The analyst thinks Dell buying EMC or EMC going private is unlikely, considering EMC's size. Kisner wrote that a combination of Dell and EMC would make sense.
In about one in 20 cancer cases, the doctor can confirm the patient has cancer but cannot find the source. These patients then face the prospect of a long wait with numerous diagnostic tests before starting any treatment. Now, researchers have combined genetics with computer science and created a new diagnostic technology based on advanced self-learning computer algorithms that can identify the source of the disease and target treatment.
What if software could steer a car back on track if the driver swerves on ice? Or guide a prosthesis to help a shaky stroke patient smoothly lift a cup? Bioengineers have developed a mathematical algorithm that can “see” your intention while performing an ordinary action like reaching for a cup or driving straight up a road — even if the action is interrupted. The algorithm can predict the way you wanted to move.
Scientists have developed a new form of “chemical search engine” that could provide clues to the origins of life on Earth. They describe a new approach to solving a 50-year conundrum in which they used an automated robot system to explore many different random combinations of the building blocks of proteins. The team found that peptide compounds of long length and complexity can form in a very simple way.
This article is the second of a two-part series on seismic imaging; it looks at HPC seismic imaging advances and full wave inversion (FWI) analysis performed by Imperial College, Intel Parallel Computing Center (Intel PCC) and SENAI CIMATEC, Brazil. Entering the exascale era of computing, disruptive changes to computer architectures offer many opportunities, however, also demand disruptive changes in software to achieve full potential.
This 4X photograph is an antique slide featuring a longitudinal section of a tapeworm. It was designated an Image of Distinction in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using darkfield microscopy.
Neutrinos take patience. They’re worth it, and the announcement of the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics recognizes that, following related prizes in 1988 and 2002. Ironically, these near-undetectable particles can reveal things that cannot be seen any other way. Why should you care, beyond sharing our curiosity about revealing some of the weirdest things in the universe?
At the height of the Cultural Revolution, Project 523 – a covert operation launched by the Chinese government and headed by young Chinese medical researcher Tu Youyou – discovered what has been the most powerful and effective antimalarial drug therapy to date. Derived from the sweet wormwood, artemisinin was only one of several hundred substances researchers culled from Chinese drugs and folk remedies and systematically tested.
In today’s oil and gas industry, technology and supercomputers are used to help lower costs and decrease time required to discover deposits of petroleum buried under water and rock. Energy exploration, production and reservoir monitoring is the most significant big data and compute-intensive application in the private sector. To help reduce costs and impact on the environment, companies are turning to supercomputers to aid in exploration.
This 40X photograph features an image of a mouse retina showing astrocytes (green) and blood vessel (purple). Astrocytes wrap blood vessels within the retina to form the blood-retina-barrier. It was designated an Image of Distinction in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrophotography Competition, which recognizes excellence in photography with the optical microscope and was taken using fluorescence microscopy.
Researchers have developed a new method for measuring the mass of pulsars — highly magnetized rotating neutron stars formed from the remains of massive stars after they explode into supernovae. Until now, scientists have determined the mass of stars, planets and moons by studying their motion in relation to others nearby, using the gravitational pull between the two as the basis for their calculations.
To date, 11,661 public domain images have been posted to the Project Apollo Archive. The incredible high-resolution photos contained in its 88 albums were taken during every manned mission to the Moon, both on the way there and back, and include never-before-seen images of the Moon landing. The archive contains every photo taken on the Moon’s surface.