INESC Porto Software Will Facilitate Kidney Transplants

INESC Porto is developing advanced software that makes it possible to determine the highest number of compatible patient-donor pairs in paired kidney exchange programmes. The aim of this technology is to maximise the number of kidney transplants for incompatible patient-donor pairs. It gives new hope for patients suffering from kidney failure with incompatible living donors who are forced to wait for a deceased donor. The software will be completed in December 2012 and is being developed in collaboration with the University of Minho, the University of Lisbon, the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto and the Portuguese Blood Establishment and Transplant Authority.   

A kidney transplant is the solution that offers patients suffering from chronic renal failure the best quality of life. However, there is not always a donor available and even direct family may not be compatible. Factors such as incompatible blood groups or human leukocyte antigens (HLA) frequently prevent patient-donor transplants.

A paired kidney exchange is an alternative that makes it possible to bring together incompatible patient-donor pairs with other patient-donor pairs to make more transplants possible.

INESC Porto (Institute for Systems and Computer Engineering of Porto) is currently developing  advanced software to optimise the pairing of the patients in kidney exchange programmes. This software will periodically analyse the set of patient-donor pairs registered on the system to determine the best solution that maximises the number of transplants possible in accordance with a range of factors and legal requirements.

Project KEP - New Models for enhancing the kidney transplantation process has a budget of 127 thousand Euros and the first version of the software should be ready by December 2012. The Faculty of Medicine of the University of Porto and the Portuguese Blood Establishment and Transplant Authority are collaborating with INESC Porto, the University of Minho and the University of Lisbon in the development of this software.